Bank of Finland

Bank of Finland

Infobox Central bank
image_1= Suomen Pankki Helsinki.jpg
image_title_1 = The Bank of Finland, Helsinki.
bank_name_in_local = Suomen Pankki fi icon Finlands Bank sv icon
headquarters = Helsinki
established = 1 March 1812
president = Erkki Liikanen
leader_title = Governor
bank_of = Finland
currency =
currency_iso =
reserves =
website = []
preceded =
succeeded = European Central Bank (1999)1
footnotes = 1 The Bank of Finland still exists but many functions have been taken over by the ECB.
The Bank of Finland ( _fi. Suomen Pankki, _sv. Finlands Bank) is the central bank of Finland. It is the fourth oldest central bank in the world [ [ Questions about the Bank of Finland Museum - History of the Bank of Finland and of the Finnish money market] ] .


The Bank of Finland was established on March 1 in 1812 in the city of Turku by Alexander I of Russia. [ [ Wäxel- Låne och Depositions-Contoiret i Stor-Furstendömet Finland] - Imperial ordinance by Alexander I of Russia, November 20, 1811 "( [ in Russian] )"] In 1819 it was relocated to Helsinki. The Bank created and regulated the Finnish Markka until Finland adopted the euro in 1999.

Functions and ownership

The Bank of Finland is Finland’s central bank and a member of the European System of Central Banks. It is Finland's monetary authority, and is responsible for the country's currency supply and foreign exchange reserves.

The Bank of Finland is owned by the Republic of Finland and governed by the Finnish Parliament, through the Parliamentary Supervisory Council and the Board of the bank. The Board is responsible for the administration of the bank, and the Parliamentary Supervisory Council for supervising the administration and activities of the bank and for other statutory tasks. The bank is governed under the provisions of the Act on the Bank of Finland, passed in 1998.

The bank has branch offices in Kuopio, Tampere, and Oulu.


The highest official in the bank is the Governor (currently Erkki Liikanen). The Governor chairs the Board.

Members of Board of the Bank of Finland

*Erkki Liikanen, Governor
*Matti Louekoski, Deputy Governor
*Sinikka Salo
*Pentti Hakkarainen

Governors of the Bank of Finland

*Claes Johan Sacklén 1812–1816
*Carl Johan Idman 1817–1820
*Otto Herman Lode 1820-1827
*Johan Gustaf Winter 1827–1841
*Carl Wilhelm Trapp 1841–1853
*Axel Ludvig Bom 1853–1856
*Alex Federley 1853–1854
*Robert Trapp 1854–1856
*Frans Ivar Edelheim 1856–1858
*Wilhelm Blidberg 1858–1861
*Carl Isak Björkman 1862-1866
*Victor von Haartman 1866–1870
*August Florin 1870–1875
*Gustaf Samuel von Troil 1875–1884
*Alfred Charpentier 1884–1897
*Carl Theodor Alexander Wegelius 1898-1906
*Clas Herman von Collan 1907-1918
*Otto Eliel Stenroth 1918-1923
*August Ramsay 1923-1924
*Risto Ryti 1923-1940
*Johan Wilhelm Rangell 1943-1944
*Risto Ryti 1944–1945
*Sakari Tuomioja 1945-1955
*Rainer von Fieandt 1955-1957
*Klaus Waris 1957-1967
*Mauno Koivisto 1968-1982
*Ahti Karjalainen 1982-1983
*Rolf Kullberg 1983-1992
*Sirkka Hämäläinen 1992-1998
*Matti Vanhala 1998-2004 (retired early due to illness)
*Erkki Liikanen 2004-

Parliamentary Supervisory Council

*Mari Kiviniemi, Chair
*Jouni Backman, Vice Chair
*Jyri Häkämies
*Arja Alho
*Janina Andersson
*Sirkka-Liisa Anttila
*Timo Kalli
*Jyrki Katainen
*Martti Korhonen

ee also

*Economy of Finland
*Finnish mark


External links

* sv icon en icon [ Bank of Finland official site]
* [ Postage stamp commemorating the 150th anniversary of the Bank of Finland] 1811 - 1961

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