- Leonid Grinin
name = Leonid Grinin
birth_date = 1958
residence = flagicon|Russia
nationality = flagicon|Russia
work_institutions = Volgograd Center for Social Research
Volgograd Pedagogical University
known_for = his World History
periodizationand typology of state systems
Leonid Grinin (born in 1958) is a philosopher of
Kamyshin(the VolgogradRegion), Grinin attended Volgograd Pedagogical University, where he got an M.A. in 1980. He got his Ph.D. from Moscow State Universityin 1996. He is a senior research fellow of the Volgograd Center for Social Research, a vice-editor of the journals "History and Modernity" and "Philosophy and Society", and a co-editor of the Social Evolution & History.
Leonid Grinin's major contributions belong to the following fields: (1) studies of the long-term trends in the evolution of technologies and their influences on
sociocultural evolution, (2) periodizationof history, (3) studies of long-term developmentof the political systems. Here Grinin insists that the two-stage scheme of the state macroevolution (Early State – Mature State) proposed by Henry Claessen and Peter Skalnik is not sufficient, and suggests that it should be modified as "Early State – Developed State – Mature State", emphasizing that the differences between developed and early states are no less pronounced than the ones between the former and the mature states.
Grinin has written 8 books and over 70 articles dealing with his research interests. These include “"Philosophy, Sociology, and Theory of History"”, “"Productive Forces and Historical Process"”, “"Formations and Civilizations"”, “"State and Historical Process"” (in Russian). Among his more important articles are [http://www.uchitel-izd.ru/data/stat2.zip "The Early State and its Analogues"] in the 2003 "Social Evolution & History", “Early State and Democracy” (in The Early State, Its Alternatives and Analogues, pp. 419–463. Volgograd: Uchitel, 2004), and "Periodization of History: A theoretic-mathematical analysis" (in [http://urss.ru/cgi-bin/db.pl?cp=&page=Book&id=53184&lang=en&blang=en&list=1 "History & Mathematics"] , pp.10-38. Moscow: KomKniga/URSS, 2006).
* [http://www.uchitel-izd.ru/index.php?option=content&task=view&id=31&Itemid=58 Homepage]
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