- Expo '75
Expo '75 (Japanese: 沖縄国際海洋博覧会, "Okinawa kokusai kaiyou hakurankai") was a
World's Fairheld on the island of Okinawain Japanfrom July 20, 1975to January 18, 1976.
Expo 75 was conceived, in part, to commemorate the American handover of
Okinawato Japanin 1972. The theme of the exposition was the oceans, and focused on oceanographic technologies, marine life, and oceanic cultures. The motto was “The sea we would like to see”.
The event was located on the western end of the Motobu Peninsula, with a site area of 1,000,000 square meters (including sea areas). Thirty-seven nations participated, along with eight domestic and three international organizations. The keynote speaker on opening day was American author
James A. Michener.
Expo 75 site
The site was divided into four “clusters” in which there were pavilions and exhibits:
* Expo Future Car (C.V.S.)
Peoples and History Cluster
* International Pavilion No. 1
* Okinawa Pavilion
* EXPO Hall
* Hitachi Pavilion
* Oceanic Culture Museum — Audio-visual hall and exhibition hall displaying ships, carvings, and other cultural items from the
MitsubishiPavilion — Ride featuring underwater technologies
* International Pavilion No. 2
cience and Technology Cluster
* World Ocean Systems (W.O.S) — Whale-shaped theater.
* Mistui Children’s Pavilion
FuyoGroup Pavilion — Featuring oceanic robotics and aerial garden.
* U.S.A. Pavilion
* Aquapolis — Centerpiece floating city.
* Expo New City Car (K.R.T.)
* International Pavilion No. 3
* Midori/Icearama Pavilion – Iceberg-shaped building displaying a 3,000 year old ice core, and a 12,000 year old ice core.
* EXPO Port
* Guest House
There was also EXPO Port, EXPO Beach, and an amusement park named EXPO Land.
The centerpiece of Expo 75 was the Aquapolis a floating city designed by
Seikun Kikutake. It was envisioned as a concept of how humans could live harmoniously on the ocean, and a prototype for marine communities. The Aquapolis was constructed at a shipyard in Hiroshima, Japan, and then towed to the Expo site. The facility was funded by the Japanese government, and cost 13 billion yen. It was thirty-two meters high, and had a one-hundred square meter deck.
The Expo site also featured two automated, electric people movers: Expo Future Car (C.V.S.) and Expo New City Car (K.R.T.), which served the southern and northern sections of the park, respectively.
After the Expo was over, the site became
Okinawa Commemorative National Government Park(国営沖縄記念公園), also known as Ocean Expo Park. Most of the exhibits were removed, although the Aquapolis was retained as an attraction and eventually hosted four million visitors. As years passed, the number of visitors to the Aquapolis declined and it was closed in 1993. In October 2000, the Aquapolis was towed away to Shanghaito be scrapped.
Okinawa Churaumi Aquariumwas later constructed on the site.
* [http://www.dc.ogb.go.jp/kouen/ocean_park/default_e.htm Ocean Expo Park]
* [http://www.okinawatimes.co.jp/eng/20001028.html Scrapping of the Aquapolis]
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