- Allgemeiner Deutscher Nachrichtendienst
The Allgemeiner Deutscher Nachrichtendienst (ADN), German for "General German News Service", was the state
news agencyin the German Democratic Republic(GDR). It supplied censored news content to East German newspapers and news broadcasters.
The ADN was established in October 1946 as a
GmbH(limited liability company) with the support of the Soviet Military Administration in Germany. In 1953, the GDR's ruling Socialist Unity Party (SED) ordered ADN GmbH dissolved and converted into a government agency with a monopoly on national and international news coverage. Although the ADN was officially subordinate to the East German Council of Ministers, the SED maintained a careful watch over the agency as the most important transmission belt of controlled news to the public. In 1956, ADN assumed control over formerly independent photographic agencies in Berlinunder the name ADN Zentralbild (German: "Central Picture").
According to the ADN statute of 1966, its task was to report news in light of the ruling party's program, resolutions of the party's Central Committee and regulations issued by the GDR Council of State and Council of Ministers. Until the end of the 1970s, ADN compiled and distributed news via
teleprinters. The ADN began converting to electronic text processing and transmission in 1979, using technology purchased from the Kyoto-based OmronCorporation.
Up to 1989, ADN employed approximately 1,400 people. It did not survive for long after German reunification in 1990. In May 1992, reduced to a staff of 254 and unable to compete with West German news services, the firm was sold to the Deutsche Depeschendienst (German Telegraphic Service). The collection of approximately one million historical photos preserved by ADN Zentralbild, some dating back to the earliest years of
photography, were acquired by the German federal archives in Koblenz.
The ADN exercised a
monopolyover the wire-service business in the GDR, supplying news dispatches, reports, articles and photographs for nearly all newspapers and radioand televisionbroadcasters in the GDR. While newspapers and other periodicals also maintained their own staffs of reporters and editors, the ADN set the standards for media censorship and exercised the power to discipline journalists if those standards were violated.
Coverage was divided into two categories, "Inland" (domestic) and "Ausland" (foreign). "Ausland" coverage included the political and economic situations in other countries, including the
Federal Republic of Germany. All other areas, including politics, the economy. culture, education, scienceand sports, were considered "Inland". There was a separate reporting service for news related to Council for Mutual Economic Assistance, the Soviet-led economic community of socialist states.
ADN maintained domestic bureaus in each of the GDR's fifteen governmental districts, or "Bezirke", including
East Berlin, as well as a network of foreign offices in socialist and capitalist states; the latter were usually staffed by married couples carefully vetted by the Ministry for State Security. The ADN's foreign correspondents not only covered international news but also supplied the GDR government with confidential reports and news analysis from the countries to which they were assigned.
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