Allgemeiner Deutscher Nachrichtendienst

Allgemeiner Deutscher Nachrichtendienst

The Allgemeiner Deutscher Nachrichtendienst (ADN), German for "General German News Service", was the state news agency in the German Democratic Republic (GDR). It supplied censored news content to East German newspapers and news broadcasters.

History

The ADN was established in October 1946 as a GmbH (limited liability company) with the support of the Soviet Military Administration in Germany. In 1953, the GDR's ruling Socialist Unity Party (SED) ordered ADN GmbH dissolved and converted into a government agency with a monopoly on national and international news coverage. Although the ADN was officially subordinate to the East German Council of Ministers, the SED maintained a careful watch over the agency as the most important transmission belt of controlled news to the public. In 1956, ADN assumed control over formerly independent photographic agencies in Berlin under the name ADN Zentralbild (German: "Central Picture").

According to the ADN statute of 1966, its task was to report news in light of the ruling party's program, resolutions of the party's Central Committee and regulations issued by the GDR Council of State and Council of Ministers. Until the end of the 1970s, ADN compiled and distributed news via teleprinters. The ADN began converting to electronic text processing and transmission in 1979, using technology purchased from the Kyoto-based Omron Corporation.

Up to 1989, ADN employed approximately 1,400 people. It did not survive for long after German reunification in 1990. In May 1992, reduced to a staff of 254 and unable to compete with West German news services, the firm was sold to the Deutsche Depeschendienst (German Telegraphic Service). The collection of approximately one million historical photos preserved by ADN Zentralbild, some dating back to the earliest years of photography, were acquired by the German federal archives in Koblenz.

Coverage

The ADN exercised a monopoly over the wire-service business in the GDR, supplying news dispatches, reports, articles and photographs for nearly all newspapers and radio and television broadcasters in the GDR. While newspapers and other periodicals also maintained their own staffs of reporters and editors, the ADN set the standards for media censorship and exercised the power to discipline journalists if those standards were violated.

Coverage was divided into two categories, "Inland" (domestic) and "Ausland" (foreign). "Ausland" coverage included the political and economic situations in other countries, including the Federal Republic of Germany. All other areas, including politics, the economy. culture, education, science and sports, were considered "Inland". There was a separate reporting service for news related to Council for Mutual Economic Assistance, the Soviet-led economic community of socialist states.

ADN maintained domestic bureaus in each of the GDR's fifteen governmental districts, or "Bezirke", including East Berlin, as well as a network of foreign offices in socialist and capitalist states; the latter were usually staffed by married couples carefully vetted by the Ministry for State Security. The ADN's foreign correspondents not only covered international news but also supplied the GDR government with confidential reports and news analysis from the countries to which they were assigned.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Allgemeiner Deutscher Nachrichtendienst — Rechtsform GmbH (bis 1953) Gründung Oktober 1946 (Bestand bis 1992) Sitz Berlin (Ost) Mitarbeiter 1.400 (1989) Branche …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Allgemeiner Deutscher Nachrichtendienst — Allgemeiner Deutscher Nachrichtendienst,   ehemalige Nachrichtenagentur, ddp …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Allgemeiner Deutscher Nachrichtendienst — Le Allgemeiner Deutscher Nachrichtendienst (littéralement « service général allemand d information ») était avec Panorama DDR la seule agence de presse autorisée en République démocratique allemande. Elle avait un monopole pour l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nachrichtendienst — may refer to: Allgemeiner Deutscher Nachrichtendienst, German Democratic Republic state news agency Militärischer Nachrichtendienst, Swiss military intelligence agency Strategischer Nachrichtendienst, Swiss foreign intelligence agency… …   Wikipedia

  • Deutscher Fotodienst — ddp Deutscher Depeschendienst GmbH Unternehmensform GmbH Gründung 1971 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ADN — • Allgemeiner Deutscher Nachrichtendienst • Advanced Digital Network DLC Dienst der BOC vor 1989 2,4 56kbit/s, nach 1989 incl. 19,2 38,4 64kbit/s • Application Data Network Anwenderdatennetz (siehe auch > Lexikon der Text und… …   Acronyms

  • AND — Allgemeiner Deutscher Nachrichtendienst EN General German News Service (GDR) [historical] …   Abkürzungen und Akronyme in der deutschsprachigen Presse Gebrauchtwagen

  • Nachrichtenagentur — Nachrichten und Presseagenturen (nicht zu verwechseln mit Nachrichtendiensten) liefern Nachrichten, die Informationen über aktuelle Ereignisse enthalten, als vorgefertigte Meldungen für Massenmedien zur Verwendung in Zeitungen und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nachrichtenagenturen — Nachrichten und Presseagenturen (nicht zu verwechseln mit Nachrichtendiensten) liefern Nachrichten, die Informationen über aktuelle Ereignisse enthalten, als vorgefertigte Meldungen für Massenmedien zur Verwendung in Zeitungen und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Presseagentur — Nachrichten und Presseagenturen (nicht zu verwechseln mit Nachrichtendiensten) liefern Nachrichten, die Informationen über aktuelle Ereignisse enthalten, als vorgefertigte Meldungen für Massenmedien zur Verwendung in Zeitungen und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”