The Ministerrat der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik ("Council of Ministers of the GDR") was the chief executive body, or
government, of the German Democratic Republicfrom November 1950 until the GDR joined the Federal Republic of Germanyon 3 October 1990. Originally formed as a body of 18 members, by 1989 the "Ministerrat der DDR" consisted of 44 members.
The Council was led by a chairman "(Vorsitzender)", equivalent to a
Prime Minister. There were two first deputy chairmen and nine other deputy chairmen. Together with some key ministers they formed the presidency "(Präsidium)" of the Council. The "Präsidium" prepared all decisions in consultation with the responsible departments of the Central Committee "(Zentralkomitee)" of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany(SED) and especially the "Politbüro" of the SED Central Committee. The "Präsidium" managed the day-to-day affairs of the Council between its weekly meetings, which took place regularly on Wednesdays to execute the resolutions of the Politbüro’s weekly meetings (on Tuesdays). The secretaries and department managers in the Central Committee were authorized to give instructions to the ministers as necessary.
Wendein the fall of 1989, the two first deputy chairmen were Werner Krolikowskiand Alfred Neumann, who were both members of the SED "Politbüro". Other deputy chairmen included the leaders of the four allied parties (Blockparteien). Additional members included the chairman of the State Planning Commission, the president of the "Staatsbank der DDR" (State Bank of the GDR) and some state secretaries, who were usually office directors at the Council. All members of the Council were selected by the GDR " Volkskammer" (parliament) for a term of five years. Within the centralized state structure of the GDR, the city, county and district administrations were subordinated to the Council.
The former Prussian state parliament "(Preußischer Landtag)" served as the seat of the Council from 1950 to 1953. From 1961 to 1990 the Council's offices were located in the former Berlin city hall at No. 47 "Klosterstraße". The Law Gazette of the GDR "(Gesetzblatt der DDR)" was also published by the Council. In addition, the Council’s Press Office made official government announcements and was responsible for the accreditation of foreign journalists in the GDR.
The individual ministries had their own headquarters buildings in East Berlin, although the former
Reich Air Ministrybuilding on "Leipziger Straße" housed the industrially-oriented ministries.
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
*Otto Grotewohl (1950-1964), SED
*Willi Stoph (1964-1973), SED
*Horst Sindermann (1973-1976), SED
*Willi Stoph (1976-1989), SED
*Hans Modrow (13 November 1989 - 11 April 1990), SED
*Lothar de Maizière (12 April 1990 - 2 October 1990),
* Ministry of National Defense*:
Willi Stoph, Heinz Hoffmann, Heinz Kessler, Theodor Hoffmann, Rainer Eppelmann (1990)
* Ministry of Foreign Affairs:
Georg Dertinger(1949-1953), Lothar Bolz(1953-1965), Otto Winzer(1965-1975), Oskar Fischer(1975-1990), Markus Meckel (1990), Lothar de Maizière, (1990)
* Ministry of State Security (Stasi)**:
Wilhelm Zaisser, Ernst Wollweber, Erich Mielke, Wolfgang Schwanitz
* Ministry of the Interior:
Karl Steinhoff, Karl Maron, Friedrich Dickel; Lothar Ahrendt, Peter Michael Diestel (1990)
* Ministry of Finance:
Hans Loch, Willy Rumpf, Siegfried Böhm (1966-80), Werner Schmieder, Ernst Höfner (1981-90), Uta Nickel (1989/90), Walter Romberg, Werner Skowron (1990)
* Ministry of Transport:
Hans Reingruber, Erwin Kramer, Otto Arndt, Heinrich Scholz (politician)|Heinrich Scholz, Herbert Keddi, Horst Gibtner (1990)
* Ministry for Posts and Telecommunications: Friedrich Burmeister, Rudolph Schulze (CDU), Klaus Wolf (CDU), Emil Schnell (1990)
* Ministry of Culture:
Johannes R. Becher, Alexander Abusch, Hans Bentzien, Klaus Gysi, Hans Joachim Hoffmann, Dietmar Keller, Herbert Schirmer (1990)
* Ministry of National Education***: Elizabeth Zaisser, Fritz Lange, Alfred Lemmnitz,
Margot Honecker(1963-1989, Helga Labs, Hans Heinz Emons
* Ministry of High and Specialized Public Education: Ernst Joachim Gießmann, Hans Joachim Böhme
* Ministry of Science and Technology: Herbert Weiz (1974-89), at the same time 1967-89 one of the Deputy Chairmen of the MR; Peter Klaus Budig (LDPD)
* Ministry of Health: Luitpold Steidle (1949-58), Max Sefrin (1958-71), Ludwig Mecklinger, Klaus Thielmann, Jürgen Kleditzsch (1990)
* Ministry of Environmental Protection and Water Management: Werner Titel (1971), Hans Reichelt (DBD), Karl H. Steinberg (1990)
* Ministry of Justice:
Max Fechner, Hilde Benjamin, Kurt Wünsche(also 1990), Hans Joachim Heusinger (of both latter members of the LDPD)
* Minister and Chairman of the Workers' and Farmers' Inspection "(Arbeiter- und Bauerninspektion)": Heinz Matthes
* Chairman of the State Planning Commission: Heinrich Rau, Karl Mewis, Bruno Leuschner, Erich Apel, Gerhard Schürer
* Director of the Press Office: Kurt Blecha, Wolfgang Meyer
Ministries of the industries (1961-1965 in the course New Economic System were summarized the Ministries in national economy advice under his chairman Alfred Neumann):
*Ministry of Ore mining industry, metallurgy and potash: Kurt Fichtner, Kurt Singhuber (1967-89)
*Ministry of Electro-technology and electronics: Otfried Steger, Felix Meier
*Ministry of Coal and energy: Wolfgang Mitzinger
*Ministry of Chemical industry: Siegbert Löschau, Günther Wyschofsky * Structure building industry: Lothar Bolz (1949-53), Heinz Winkler (1953-58), Ernst Scholz (SED)|Ernst Scholz, Wolfgang Junker (1963-89); Gerhard Baumgärtel, Axel Viehweger (1990)
*Ministry of Basic industry
*Ministry of Glass and ceramic(s) industry: Werner Greiner Petter, Karl Grünheid (1983-89)
*Ministry of Stock management: Alfred Neumann (SED)|Alfred Neumann (1965-68), Manfred Flegel, Wolfgang smoke foot
*Ministry of Tool and building of processing machines: Rudi Georgi (1973-89)
*Ministry of General construction of vehicles, machine and agricultural machinery (since 1990: Mechanical engineering): Günther nuthatch, Gerhard thawing cock, Karl Grünheid
*Ministry of Heavy machine and equipment construction (since 1990: Heavy industry): Fritz same man, Rolf Kersten, Hans Joachim Lauck, Kurt Singhuber
*Ministry of Land, forest and food processing industry: Ernst Goldenbaum, Paul Scholz, George Ewald, Heinz Kuhrig, Bruno Lietz; Hans Watzek, Peter Pollack (1990)
*Ministry of Light Industry: Karl Bettin, Werner Buschmann, Gunter Halm (NDPD)
*Ministry of District-led and foodstuffs industry: Erhard crack, Udo Dieter cheek
*Ministry of Trade and supply: Curt Heinz Merkel, Karl Hamann, Gerhard Lucht, Günter Sieber (1965-72), Manfred Flegel * Foreign trade: George Ulrich Handke, Heinrich Rau (1955-61), Julius Balkow, refuge Sölle, Gerhard hatchet 1989 and/or 1990 again imported:
*Ministry of Economics (new since 1989): Christa Luft (1989/90), Gerhard Pohl (1990)
*Ministry of Tourism (new since 1989): Bruno Benthien (LDPD)
*Ministry of Work and Wages (new since 1989)/work and social (since 1990): Hannelore Mensch, Jürgen Kleditzsch * Family and women (new 1990): Christa Schmidt (CDU)
* "Renamed in 1990 as the Ministry for Disarmament and Defense."
** "Renamed on 17 November 1989 as the Office for National Security (Amt für Nationale Sicherheit - AfNS); abolished on 13 January 1990."
*** "Renamed in 1989 as the Ministry for Education and Youth."
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