:"For other meanings, see
AAK.""Aak" (pronounced: A'ak) is a genre of Korean court music. It is an imported form of Chinese ritual music. "Aak" is often labeled as "elegant music" in contrast with other traditional Korean music. "Aak" started out as the music played during the Korean "Jongmyo Shrine's Jerye Ceremony," and then became used during other occasions as Korean court music, often with lyrics praising the current ruler.
"Aak" was brought to Korea in
1116through a large gift of musical instruments from the Song Dynastyemperor Huizong. It remained very popular for a time (there were originally no fewer than 456 different melodies in use) before dying out. It was revived in 1430, based on a reconstruction of older melodies. The music is now highly specialized, and uses just two different surviving melodies, and is played only at certain very rare concerts, such as the "Munmyo jeryeak" (Sacrifice to Confucius) held each spring and autumn at the Munmyoshrine in Seoul.
"Aak" is one of three types of Korean court music; the other two are "
dangak" and " hyangak". "Aak" is similar to "dangak" in that both are rarely played and both have Chinese influences.
National Center for Korean Traditional Performing Arts
Traditional Korean musical instruments
Culture of Korea
List of Korea-related topics
* [http://www.sapaan.com/vol3/jeon2.htm Korean ritual music]
* [http://22.214.171.124/BookData/200007/index.htm "A Study of Musical Instruments in Korean Traditional Music"] (The National Center for Korean Traditional Performing Arts, Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Republic of Korea, 1998]
* [http://itc.uci.edu/~rgarfias/kiosk/media.html Old recordings of aak in the 1960s] A collection of Korean court music videos
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