A day-fine or day fine or unit fine is a unit of fine payment that, above a minimum fine, is based on the offender's daily personal income. A crime is punished with incarceration for a determined number of days, or with fines. As incarceration is a financial punishment, in the effect of preventing work, a day-fine represents one day incarcerated and without salary. It is argued to be just, because if both the high-, and low-income population are punished with the same jail time, they should also be punished with a proportionally similar income loss. An analogy may be drawn with income tax, which is also proportional to the income, even progressively.

Jurisdictions employing the day-fine include Finland (Finnish: päiväsakko, Swedish: dagsbot), Sweden, Denmark, Croatia, Germany, Switzerland, Mexico, and Macao.


Both police and the Finnish Border Guard can make a formal demand for fining a person or order a petty fine.

In Finland, the day-fine system is used for most crimes that are punishable by way of a fine. The system has been in use since 1921.[1] Most minor infractions are punished with a fixed petty fine (rikesakko, ordningsbot) such as minor traffic and water traffic violations, littering, and breaches of public peace.[2] A petty fine is summarily ordered by the policeman if the suspect does not contest his guilt, but the person punished may contest the fine in a district court.[3]

Finnish prosecutors have considerable judicial power in deciding fines. Here, prosecutors arriving to a court of law.

Most infractions are punishable with a day-fine. For crimes warranting no more than six months in prison, the fine may be summarily ordered by the prosecutor, if the suspect does not want the court to handle the case. The process of ordering a day fine is started by a policeman who makes a formal demand for the suspect to be fined. The suspect has one week to contest the demand. If the suspect does not contest the demand, the prosecutor may order a fine which may not be higher than demanded by the policeman. If the suspect contests the demand, the case may be taken to the district court if the prosecutor considers the suspect guilty. If the prosecutor considers the case to merit a term in prison or a higher fine, the case is always taken to the court.[4] If the prosecution or the injured party do not demand a higher punishment than a fine, the district court has a quorum with a single member.[5] The fine is paid to the bank using a giro.[6] A fine ordered in Finland is executable in any European Union member country.[7]

A Finnish fine consists of a minimum of 1 day-fine, up to a maximum of 120 day-fines. If several crimes are punished together, 240 day-fines may be sentenced. The fines may not be sentenced together with a prison sentence, unless the prison sentence is probational. The minimum amount of a day-fine is 6 euros. Usually, the day-fine is one half of daily disposable income. The daily disposable income is considered to be one 60th part of the person's monthly mean income during the year, after taxes, social security payments and a basic living allowance of €255 per month have been deducted. In addition, every person for whose upkeep the fined person is responsible decreases the amount of daily fine by €3. The income of the person is calculated on the basis of the latest taxation data.[8][9] For speeding in traffic, however, the fine is at least as high as the petty fine, i.e. €115.[10]

The person who is punished with a fine is responsible for giving accurate information concerning their income. Lying about one's income (Finnish: sakkovilppi, Swedish: bötesfusk) is a crime punishable with a fine or up to three months in prison.[11] The police can, however, access the taxation data of Finnish citizens and permanent residents via a real-time datalink, so the chance of lying is minor. There is no maximum day-fine which may lead to considerably high fines for high-income persons. For example, in 2001, a Finnish businessman with a yearly income of 10 million euros, received a relatively mild punishment of six day-fines, amounting €26,000, for driving though a red traffic light.[12][13] In 2009 a businessman was fined €112,000 for travelling at 82 kilometres per hour in an area with a speed limit of 60 kilometres per hour.[14] As speeding is punished with a petty fine if the offender is exceeding the speed limit by up to 20 km/h, but with a day-fine if exceeding the limit by 21 km/h or more, the monetary amount of the fine can increase from €115 to over €100,000 although the actual change in speed is less than 1 km/h. This has given rise to some criticism, most vividly expressed by a Finnish member of parliament, avid motorist Klaus Bremer and other MPs of right-wing parties.[15]

The fines are subject to recovery proceedings.


Article 45 of the Penal Code (Chinese: 刑法典, Portuguese: Código Penal) specifies that a criminal fine (Chinese: 罰金, Portuguese: pena de multa) shall normally be at least 10 days and at most 360 days. One day-fine costs at least 50 Macanese patacas and at most 10,000 patacas. A court of law imposes the fine based on the economic and financial situations and personal burdens of a convict.[16]


  1. ^ Law 130/1921
  2. ^ Criminal Code (Rikoslaki 39/1889) Chapter 2a, 9 §] Retrieved 9-27-2007 (Finnish)
  3. ^ Laki rikesakkomenettelystä, 6§ and 12 §. Retrieved 9-27-2007 (Finnish)
  4. ^ Laki rangaistusmääräysmenettelystä (692/1992) Retrieved 9-27-2007 (Finnish)
  5. ^ Oikeudenkäymiskaari (4/1734), Chapter 2, 6 §. Retrieved 9-27-2007.(Finnish)
  6. ^ Oikeusrekisterikeskus. Täytäntöönpano- ja perintäasiat. Retrieved 9-27-2007. (Finnish)
  7. ^ Oikeusrekisterikeskus. EU-sakkojen täytäntöönpano. Retrieved 9-27-2007. (Finnish)
  8. ^ Rikoslaki (39/1889), Chapter 2a. Retrieved 27-9-2007 (Finnish)
  9. ^ Asetus päiväsakon rahamäärästä, 2-3§. Retrieved 27-9-2007. (Finnish)
  10. ^ Asetus päiväsakon rahamäärästä, 7§. Retrieved 27-9-2007. (Finnish)
  11. ^ Rikoslaki (39/1889), Chapter 16, 6 §. Retrieved 9-27-2007. (Finnish)
  12. ^ Nokian Ala-Pietilän 208000 markan sakot voivat vielä nousta Iltasanomat 11-9-2001. Retrieved 9-27-2001. (Finnish)
  13. ^ Nokian toimitusjohtaja sai jättisakot. Iltasanomat 9-13-2007. Retrieved 9-27-2001. (Finnish)
  14. ^ Businessman fined nearly EUR 112,000 for speeding in Eastern Finland Helsingin Sanomat 6.3.2009. Retrieved 6.3.2009. (English)
  15. ^ Täysistunnon pöytäkirja PTK 73/2000 vp (The minutes of the plenary session of Finnish parliament, PTK 73/2000 vp.) Retrieved 9-27-2007. (Finnish)
  16. ^ Penal Code of Macao in traditional Chinese and Portuguese. Retrieved 2008-05-28.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • fine — fine1 /fuyn/, adj., finer, finest, adv., v., fined, fining, n. adj. 1. of superior or best quality; of high or highest grade: fine wine. 2. choice, excellent, or admirable: a fine painting. 3. consisting of minute part …   Universalium

  • fine — I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo French fin, fine, from Latin finis boundary, end Date: 13th century 1. obsolete end, conclusion 2. a compromise of a fictitious suit used as a form of conveyance of lands 3. a. a sum imposed as… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Fine (penalty) — A fine is money paid usually to superior authority, usually governmental authority, as punishment for a crime or other offence. The fine bill for violation of traffic law in Czech Republic The most usual use of the term, fine, relates to a… …   Wikipedia

  • Fine-Day — or Kamiokisihkwew; b. Circa 1852 d. (unknown but after 1935) was a Cree war chief of the River People band of Plains Cree. He participated in the North West Rebellion of 1885 (notably the battle of Cut Knife). Described by a contemporary as brave …   Wikipedia

  • Fine Cotton — was an Australian thoroughbred horse which was at the centre of a substitution scam (also known as a ring in) which occurred on August 18, 1984 in the Commerce Novice (2nd division) Handicap over 1500 metres at Eagle Farm Racecourse, Brisbane,… …   Wikipedia

  • fine — Ⅰ. fine [1] ► ADJECTIVE 1) of very high quality. 2) satisfactory. 3) in good health and feeling well. 4) (of the weather) bright and clear. 5) (of a thread, filament, or hair) thin. 6) of delicate or intricate w …   English terms dictionary

  • Fine Things (film) — Fine Things DVD cover Directed by Tom Moore Produced by Hugh Benson Tim Ki …   Wikipedia

  • Day Tripper — «Day Tripper» Сингл The Beatles Сторона «Б» «We Can Work It Out» Выпущен …   Википедия

  • Fine art photography — refers to photographs that are created to fulfill the creative vision of the artist. Fine art photography stands in contrast to photojournalism and commercial photography. Photojournalism provides visual support for stories, mainly in the print… …   Wikipedia

  • FINE Design Group — (Design Company)= FINE Design Group was founded by Kenn and Yonette Fine in 1994 in San Francisco. It started as a classic design studio, and has since evolved into a multidisciplinary design studio, incorporating branding, interior design,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”