- Automatic firearm
An automatic firearm is a
firearmthat automatically extracts and ejects the fired cartridge case, and loads a new case, usually through the energy of the fired round. The term can be used to refer to semi-automatic firearms, which fire one shot per pull of the trigger, or fully automatic firearms, which will continue to load and fire ammunitionuntil the trigger (or other activating device) is released or until the ammunition is exhausted. An "automatic pistol" or an "automatic shotgun" generally refers to a semi-automatic design, while "automatic rifle" more often means a fully automatic or selective firedesign.
Fully automatic weapons tend to be restricted to
militaryand policeorganizations in most developed countries. In the United States, machine guns registered after 1986 have been off the public market since the Firearm Owners Protection Actof 1986, though on April 21, 2008, Governor Kathleen Sebelius signed a bill allowing the sale and possession of NFA weapons in Kansas. The law took effect on July 1, 2008. [ [http://www.cjonline.com/stories/042208/sta_270889198.shtml "Sebelius Signs Gun Bill into Law", "Topeka Capital-Journal", April 22, 2008] ] [ [http://www.kslegislature.org/bills/2008/46.pdf Senate Bill No. 46, Kansas Legislature] ]
Gun politicsfor more information.
Fully automatic firearms are covered in these articles:
General purpose machine gun
Heavy machine gun
Light machine gun
Medium machine gun
Squad automatic weapon
Other similar designs not usually classified as automatic firearms are:
Autocannon, which are 20 mm in bore diameter or larger and thus considered cannons, not small arms.
Gatling guns, multi-barrelled bolt-actiondesigns, often used with external power supplies to generate rates of fire higher than automatic firearms.
Similar in appearance but not able to fire in full-auto mode are some
semi-automatic rifles. The visual similarity has led to the public usage of the term assault weaponto describe some semi-automatic weapons (as opposed to the military usage of the term).
*US patent|1227897 — " Automatic gun"
Bump fire- a technique to simulate fully-automatic firing with a semi-automatic rifle
Federal Firearms License
Gun Control Act of 1968
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