- Bomarsund, Åland
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Bomarsund
result= French/British Victory
flagicon|United KingdomUnited Kingdom
strength1= about 3,000 sodiers
strength2= 12,000 soldiers(landing Force)
casualties1= 1,700 dead, wounded and captured
Bomarsund is a nineteenth century fortress in Sund on the
Åland Islandsin the Baltic Sea. It was built in 1832 by Russia but destroyed twenty two years later in 1854 in the Crimean Warby a British-French fleet.
The Battle of Bomarsund was fought between the Russian defenses at Bomarsund and an Anglo-French task force. After a week of fighting the British stormed the "remaining" fort and at the end of the battle the fort of Bomarsund was destroyed.
Three hundred Finnish grenadiers defending the fortress were captured and taken to a prison in
Lewes, United Kingdom. They were later allowed to return to Finland, and they returned with a song telling about their battle and imprisonment, called the "War of Åland" (Finnish: "Oolannin sota").
In the Treaty of Paris 1856, the entire Åland Islands were demilitarized, which is a status that has been preserved until this day.
Victoria Cross recipients
The battle resulted in the first ever
Victoria Crossbeing awarded to Charles Davis Lucas, a twenty year old Irish Mate who later rose to the position of Rear-Admiral.
Other VC recipients for action in the
John Bythesea- 1854; Åland Islands
William Johnstone- 1854; Åland Islands
George Ingouville- 1855; Fort of Viborg
George Dare Dowell- 1855; Fort of Viborg
coal minein Northumberlandwas named after the battle, the village still carries the name Bomarsund.
Orlando Gough's opera "The Finnish Prisoner" which tells about the events of 1854 had its premier performance in Lewes.
* [http://www.muuka.com/finnishpumpkin/fortresses/bomarsund/bomarsund.html Bomarsund]
* [http://www.britishembassy.gov.uk/servlet/Front?pagename=OpenMarket/Xcelerate/ShowPage&c=Page&cid=1077042157317 Bomarsund at the British Embassy site]
* [http://nk.oulu.fi/enorssi/gallery/albumit/album62/bomarsund.sized.jpgPhoto of Bomarsund Fortress]
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