French First Republic

French First Republic

Infobox Former Country
native_name = "République française"
conventional_long_name = French Republic
common_name = France, Republic 1|
continent = Europe
region = Western Europe
country = France
era =
status =
empire =
government_type = Republic|
year_start = 1792
year_end = 1804 |
event_pre = Storming of the Bastille
and French Revolution
date_pre =
14 July 1789
event_start = Overthrow of Louis XVI
date_start = 21 September 1792
event1 = Committee of Public Safety
and Reign of Terror
date_event1 = 5 September 1793 to
28 July 1794
event2 = Thermidorian Reaction
date_event2 = 24 July 1794
event3 = Coup of 18 Brumaire
date_event3 = 9 November 1799
event_end = Crowning of Napoleon
date_end = 18 May 1804

p1 = Early Modern France
flag_p1 = Pavillon royal de France.svg
s1 = First French Empire
flag_s1 = Flag of France.svg|

symbol_type = Emblem of the Napoleonic Consulate

capital = Paris
national_motto = _fr. "Liberté, égalité, fraternité, ou la mort!"
(Liberty, equality, brotherhood, or death!)
national_anthem = La Marseillaise (unofficial)
common_languages = French
currency = French Franc
leader1 = National Convention
(rule by legislature)
year_leader1 = 1792–95
leader2 = Directory
year_leader2 = 1795–99
leader3 = Consulate, First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte
year_leader3 = 1799–1804
title_leader =
legislature = National Convention
French Directory
French Consulate
The First Republic in France, officially the French Republic ( _fr. République française) was proclaimed on 21 September 1792, during the French Revolution. On that day Louis XVI was formally deposed, ending the French monarchy. This presaged a new era of republican government in Europe.

The Republic officially lasted until the establishment of the First French Empire in 1804. Its leaders included Napoleon Bonaparte, who served as First Consul from 1799 to 1804, when he ended the republic by declaring himself Emperor Napoleon I.

Constitutionally, the Republic subdivided into government by:
* the National Convention: 1792–95, Maximilien Robespierre, Reign of Terror
* the Directory: 1795–99, Paul Barras, Thermidorean Reaction
* the Consulate: 1799–1804, Napoleon Bonaparte, Coup of 18 Brumaire

See also

* Timeline of the French Revolution

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • French Third Republic — Infobox Former Country native name = République Française France conventional long name = French Republic France common name = France ag continent = Europe region …   Wikipedia

  • French Fifth Republic — French Republic République française …   Wikipedia

  • First Republic — Around the world there have been a number of First Republics: *Austrian First Republic (1918 1934) ndash; see History of Austria *French First Republic (1792 1804) *In Italy the term First Republic is used informally to refer to the period from… …   Wikipedia

  • French Second Republic — {|align=right Infobox Former Country native name = Deuxième République France conventional long name = French Second Republic common name = France ag continent = Europe region = country = France era = status = status text= empire = government… …   Wikipedia

  • Venezuela (first republic) — Infobox Former Country conventional long name = First Republic of Venezuela native name =Primera República de Venezuela common name = Venezuela continent=South America region = Andes country = Venezuela status = Unrecognized State era= South… …   Wikipedia

  • French Directory — Executive Government of the First French Republic In office 2 November 1795 – 10 November 1799 Preceded by National Convention Succeeded by French Consulate with Napoleon Bonaparte as First Con …   Wikipedia

  • French Republics — refer to a succession of republics after the proclamation of the French Revolution and the abolition of the monarchy in France in 1792.There has been five republics in the history of France:* French First Republic (1792 1804) * French Second… …   Wikipedia

  • First French Empire — Empire of the French and Napoleonic Empire redirect here. For the empire led by Napoleon III from 1852–1870, see Second French Empire. Empire Français French Empire[1][2] …   Wikipedia

  • French Republican Calendar — History of France series French Revolution Causes Estates General National Assembly Storming of the Bastille National …   Wikipedia

  • French Campaign in Egypt and Syria — This article is about the land campaign. For the naval campaign and wider strategic setting, see Mediterranean campaign of 1798. Egyptian Campaign Part of the French Revolutionary Wars …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”