name = Pulmonata
fossil_range= fossil range|Carboniferous|recent

image_width = 250px
image_caption = Roman Snail, "Helix pomatia"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Mollusca
classis = Gastropoda
subclassis = Orthogastropoda
superordo = Heterobranchia
ordo = Pulmonata
subdivision_ranks = Suborders
subdivision =

The Pulmonata or "pulmonates" are an order (once a subclass) of snails and slugs that have developed a pallial lung and thus can breathe air. The group includes many land and freshwater families and a few marine ones.

Pulmonata are known from the Carboniferous to the recent periods. [(in Czech) Pek I., Vašíček Z., Roček Z., Hajn. V. & Mikuláš R.: "Základy zoopaleontologie". - Olomouc, 1996. 264 pp., ISBN 80-7067-599-3.]


Order Pulmonata Cuvier in Blainville, 1814 (pulmonates)
*Suborder Systellommatophora Pilsbry, 1948
***Superfamily Onchidioidea Rafinesque, 1815
***Superfamily Otinoidea H. & A. Adams, 1855
***Superfamily Rathouisioidea Sarasin, 1889
*Suborder Basommatophora Keferstein in Bronn, 1864 (freshwater pulmonates, pond snails)
***Superfamily Acroloxoidea Thiele, 1931
***Superfamily Amphiboloidea J.E. Gray, 1840
***Superfamily Chilinoidea H. & A. Adams, 1855
***Superfamily Glacidorboidea Ponder, 1986
***Superfamily Lymnaeoidea Rafinesque, 1815
***Superfamily Planorboidea Rafinesque, 1815
***Superfamily Siphonarioidea J.E. Gray, 1840
*Suborder Eupulmonata Haszprunar & Huber, 1990
**Infraorder Acteophila Dall, 1885 (= formerly Archaeopulmonata)
***Superfamily Melampoidea Stimpson, 1851
**Infraorder Trimusculiformes Minichev & Starobogatov, 1975
***Superfamily Trimusculoidea Zilch, 1959
**Infraorder Stylommatophora A. Schmidt, 1856 (land snails)
***Subinfraorder Orthurethra
***Superfamily Achatinelloidea Gulick, 1873
***Superfamily Cochlicopoidea Pilsbry, 1900
***Superfamily Partuloidea Pilsbry, 1900
***Superfamily Pupilloidea Turton, 1831
***Subinfraorder Sigmurethra
***Superfamily Acavoidea Pilsbry, 1895
***Superfamily Achatinoidea Swainson, 1840
***Superfamily Aillyoidea Baker, 1960
***Superfamily Arionoidea J.E. Gray in Turnton, 1840
***Superfamily Buliminoidea Clessin, 1879
***Superfamily Camaenoidea Pilsbry, 1895
***Superfamily Clausilioidea Mörch, 1864
***Superfamily Dyakioidea Gude & Woodward, 1921
***Superfamily Gastrodontoidea Tryon, 1866
***Superfamily Helicoidea Rafinesque, 1815
***Superfamily Helixarionoidea Bourguignat, 1877
***Superfamily Limacoidea Rafinesque, 1815
***Superfamily Oleacinoidea H. & A. Adams, 1855
***Superfamily Orthalicoidea Albers-Martens, 1860
***Superfamily Plectopylidoidea Moellendorf, 1900
***Superfamily Polygyroidea Pilsbry, 1894
***Superfamily Punctoidea Morse, 1864
***Superfamily Rhytidoidea Pilsbry, 1893
***Superfamily Sagdidoidera Pilsbry, 1895
***Superfamily Staffordioidea Thiele, 1931
***Superfamily Streptaxoidea J.E. Gray, 1806
***Superfamily Strophocheiloidea Thiele, 1926
***Superfamily Trigonochlamydoidea Hese, 1882
***Superfamily Zonitoidea Mörch, 1864
***? Superfamily Athoracophoroidea P. Fischer, 1883 (= Tracheopulmonata)
***? Superfamily Succineoidea Beck, 1837 (= Heterurethra)


External links

* [http://www.petsnails.co.uk/ Pulmonate snails & slugs in captivity]
* [http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/misc/camaenidae.htm Camaenidae (snails) of Florida] on the UF / IFAS Featured Creatures Web site

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pulmonata — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Pulmonata Caracol romano, Helix pomatia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pulmonata — Pul mo*na ta, n. pl. [NL., from L. pulmo, onis, a lung.] (Zo[ o]l.) An extensive division, or sub class, of hermaphrodite gastropods, in which the mantle cavity is modified into an air breathing organ, as in Helix, or land snails, Limax, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pulmonata —   [lateinisch], die Lungenschnecken …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pulmonata — Pulmonata, Lungenschnecken, Unterklasse der ⇒ Gastropoda mit süßwasser und landbewohnenden Arten; mit vorne liegender Mantelhöhle und einem als Lunge dem Gasaustausch dienenden gefäßreichen Bereich der inneren Mantelfläche; meist keine… …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

  • Pulmonata — Différents pulmonés …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pulmonata — Lungenschnecken Hain Bänderschnecke (Cepaea nemoralis) Systematik Stamm: Weichtiere (Mollusca) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pulmonata — noun large order of gastropods usually breathing by means of a lung like sac comprising most land snails and slugs and many freshwater snails • Syn: ↑order Pulmonata • Hypernyms: ↑animal order • Member Holonyms: ↑Gastropoda, ↑class Gastropoda,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Pulmonata — …   Википедия

  • Pulmonata — Pul·mo·nata (pul″mə naґtə) an order of snails and slugs of the subclass Euthyneura, including genera with lungs or respiratory sacs. Many are intermediate hosts of trematodes and other pathogens. Its suborders include… …   Medical dictionary

  • pulmonata — pul·mo·na·ta …   English syllables

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”