- Archway, London
infobox UK place
country = England
map_type = Greater London
postcode_area = N
postcode_district = N19
constituency_westminster= Islington North|GLA=
North East London
Archway is an area of north
Londonin the London Borough of Islington.
The name derives from the arch built between
Highgateand Hornseyin 1896. A tunnel was originally planned for the Highgatebypass (to join the Great North Road by avoiding the steep Highgate Hill road and narrow roads of Highgate village) but this failed due to repeated collapses. Instead, a large cutting was recommended by John Rennie and a high, multi-arched road bridge constructed across this. The first bridge, constructed in the early nineteenth century, was designed by John Nash. The original 1813 bridge was demolished in 1901; the current bridge, known locally as 'Suicide Bridge', dates from 1897. The road over the bridge is HornseyLane and it connects the villages of Highgateand Crouch End.
Until quite recently,
Archwaydid not designate a specific area. Most people referred either to Highgate, Islingtonor Upper Holloway, a name that is now used for little besides the nearby railway station and the post office. The term Archwaybecame popularised as a result of Londoners' tendency to indicate their local area by reference to the nearest Underground Station, even though the latter was called Highgatestation until 1939 (and subsequently Highgate(Archway) and Archway(Highgate)).
Highgate Hill, the road from Archway to Highgate village, was the route of the first cable car to be built in Europe. It operated between 1884 and 1909.
It is said that it was at Archway that
Dick Whittingtonheard the Bow Bellsringing and returned back to London. James Harrington, author of 'Oceania' lived on Highgate Hill, as did the poet and M.P. for Hull Andrew Marvell. Historian E.H. Carrlived on Gladesmuir Road as a child. Karl Marx, Herbert Spencerand Claudia Jonesare buried up the road at Highgate cemetery. Rod Stewartwas born in Archway and grew up here. Other noted residents include Arabella Weir, Alan Plater, James Heartfieldand, formerly, the sculptor Rachel Whiteread, whose most famous work 'Ghost' - now in the National Gallery of Artin Washington DC - consists of a plaster cast of a room in the house at 486 Archway Road. Members of The Jesus and Mary Chainalso lived in Archway, as did The Boo Radleyswhose cult song Blue Room in Archwaynamechecks the area. Zoe Heller's novel Notes on a Scandalwas filmed around Archway.
In recent years Archway has seen an increase in young middle-class residents, attracted to Archway by its excellent shopping facilities, solid stock of housing, the accessibility of Hampstead Heath and Waterlow Park, and public transport connections to central London. Since 2004 the area has had its own residents' group, the
Better Archway Forum. 
ites of interest
Prominent buildings in the area include the
Whittington hospital, at Highgate Hill, named after Richard Whittington; the Archway Tavern, a noted music venue, where the photograph for the cover of the Kinksalbum Muswell Hillbilliesis said to have been taken; and the Archway Tower, which forms the most visible landmark in the area. Outside the hospital is a small statue of Whittington's Cat.
Archway tube station
Highgate tube station
Tufnell Park tube station
Upper Holloway railway station
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