Galleria Borghese

Galleria Borghese

infobox Museum
name= Galleria Borghese

established= 1903
location= Villa Borghese, Rome, Italy
director= Anna Coliva
website= []
The Borghese Gallery (Italian: "Galleria Borghese") in Rome is an art gallery housed in the former Villa Borghese Pinciana, a building that was from the first integral with its gardens, nowadays considered quite separately by tourists as the Villa Borghese gardens. The "Galleria Borghese" houses a substantial part of the Borghese collection of paintings, sculpture and antiquities, which was begun by Cardinal Scipione Borghese, the nephew of Pope Paul V (reign 1605–1621). The Villa was built by the architect Flaminio Ponzio, developing sketches by Scipione Borghese himself, who used it as a "villa suburbana", a party villa at the edge of Rome.

Scipione Borghese was an early patron of Bernini and an avid collector of works by Caravaggio, who is well represented in the collection by his "Boy with a Basket of Fruit", "St. Jerome", "Sick Bacchus" and others. Other paintings of note include Titian's "Sacred and Profane Love", Raphael's depiction of the "Entombment of Christ" and works by Peter Paul Rubens and Federico Barocci.


The "Casina Borghese" lies on the outskirts of seventeenth-century Rome. By 1644, John Evelyn described it as "an Elysium of delight" with "Fountains of sundry inventions, Groves and small Rivulets of Water." Evelyn also described the "Vivarium;" that housed ostriches, peacocks, swans and cranes "and divers strange Beasts". Prince Marcantonio IV Borghese (1730-1800), who began the recasting of the park's formal garden architecture into an English landscape garden, also set out about 1775, under the guidance of the architect Antonio Asprucci, to replace the now-outdated tapestry and leather hangings and renovate the "Casina", restaging the Borghese sculptures and antiquities in a thematic new ordering that celebrated the Borghese position in Rome. The rehabilitation of the much-visited villa as a genuinely public museum in the late eighteenth century was the subject of an exhibition at the Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, in 2000, [ [ "Making a Prince's Museum: Drawings for the Late Eighteenth-Century Redecoration of the Villa Borghese."] Getty Research Institute (17 June-17 September 2000). Catalogue by Carole Paul, with an essay by Alberta Campitelli. ISBN 978-0-89236-539-5] spurred by the Getty's acquisition of fifty-four drawings related to the project.

In 1808 Prince Camillo Borghese, Napoleon's brother-in-law [He had married Pauline Bonaparte; Antonio Canova's half-nude portrait of her as Venus Victrix takes pride of place in one of the galleries.] was forced to sell the Borghese Roman sculptures and antiquities to the Emperor. The result is that the "Borghese Gladiator", renowned since the 1620s as the most admired single sculpture in Villa Borghese, must now be appreciated in the Musée du Louvre.


:"For a list of paintings in the gallery, see One joy of the Galleria Borghese is that it is compact: housed in twenty rooms across two floors, its visit could take as little as two hours.

The main floor is mostly devoted to classical antiquities of the 1st–3rd centuries AD (including a famous 320-30 AD mosaic of gladiators found on the Borghese estate at Torrenova, on the Via Casilina outside Rome, in 1834), and classical and neo-classical sculpture such as the "Venus Victrix" ("above"). Its decorative scheme includes a "trompe l'oeil" ceiling fresco in the first room, or "Salone", by the Sicilian artist Mariano Rossi makes such good use of foreshortening that it appears almost three-dimensional.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini at the Borghese

Many of the sculptures are displayed in the spaces they were intended for, including nearly two handfuls of works by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, which comprise a large percent of his lifetime output of secular sculpture, starting with a juvenile, but talented, work such as the "Goat Amalthea with Infant Jupiter and Faun" (1615) [ [ Web Gallery of Art, image collection, virtual museum, searchable database of European fine arts (1100-1850) ] ] to his dynamic "Apollo and Daphne" (1622–25) [ [ Apollo and Daphne by BERNINI, Gian Lorenzo ] ] and "David" (1623) [ [ Web Gallery of Art, image collection, virtual museum, searchable database of European fine arts (1100-1850) ] ] considered seminal works of baroque sculpture. In addition, three busts by this sculptor are in the gallery, two of "Pope Paul V" (1618–20) and an insightful portrait of his first patron, "Cardinal Scipione Borghese" (1632) [ [ Bust of Scipione Borghese by BERNINI, Gian Lorenzo ] ] . Finally it has some early, somewhat mannerist works such as "Aeneas, Anchises & Ascanius" (1618–19) [ [ Web Gallery of Art, image collection, virtual museum, searchable database of European fine arts (1100-1850) ] ] and the "Rape of Proserpine" (1621–22). [ [ Official Site Borghese Gallery Bernini - Pluto and Proserpina ] ] .

The National Museum of Musical Instruments

This collection is made up of instruments from not only western cultures but also instruments from ancient cultures (such as Egyptian, Greek, and Roman) and instruments from America, Africa, and Oceania. The bulk of the collection was donated by opera singer Evan Gorga and it is the largest collection ever given to the museum. [] [ [ National Museum of Musical Instruments ] ]

Nearby museums

Also in Villa Borghese gardens or nearby are the Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, which specialises in 19th- and 20th-century Italian art, and Museo Nazionale Etrusco, a collection of pre-Roman objects, mostly Etruscan, excavated around Rome.

External links

* [ Official website (English)]
* [ Architecture and gardens on the Villa Borghese or Casino]
* [ Reviews of Galleria Borghese]
* [,+rome&ll=41.914150,12.492453&spn=0.003777,0.008929&t=k&hl=en| Satellite photo] — the Galleria Borghese is the villa in the center of the photograph surrounded by landscaped gardens.
* [ Roman Map of the area with related services]


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