Remote manipulator

Remote manipulator
Manipulator arms inside the Hot Bay, Area 25, Nevada Test Site

A remote manipulator, also known as a telefactor, telemanipulator, or waldo (after the short story "Waldo" by Robert A. Heinlein which features a man who invents and uses such devices),[1] is a device which, through electronic, hydraulic, or mechanical linkages, allows a hand-like mechanism to be controlled by a human operator. The purpose of such a device is usually to move or manipulate hazardous materials for reasons of safety.

Contents

History

In 1945, the company Central Research Laboratories[2] was given the contract to develop a remote manipulator for the Argonne National Laboratory. The intent was to replace devices which manipulated highly radioactive materials from above a sealed chamber or hot cell, with a mechanism which operated through the side wall of the chamber, allowing a researcher to stand normally while working.

The result was the Master-Slave Manipulator Mk. 8, or MSM-8, which became the iconic remote manipulator[3] seen in newsreels and movies, such as the Andromeda Strain or THX 1138.

Robert A. Heinlein claims a much earlier origin for remote manipulators.[4] He wrote that he got the idea for "waldos" after reading a 1918 article in Popular Mechanics about "a poor fellow afflicted with myasthenia gravis ... [who] devised complicated lever arrangements to enable him to use what little strength he had."

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ Technovelgy telemanipulator page
  2. ^ CRL history
  3. ^ Telemanipulator page
  4. ^ Heinlein, Robert A. (1957), "Science fiction: its nature, faults and virtues", in Davenport, Basil, The Science Fiction Novel, Chicago: Advent, 1959 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • remote manipulator — nuotolinis manipuliatorius statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. remote manipulator; remote control manipulator vok. Fernmanipulator, m rus. дистанционный манипулятор, m pranc. télémanipulateur, m …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • Remote Manipulator System — Тип удалённое администрирование Разработчик TektonIT Операционная система Microsoft Windows (2000/XP/2003/Vista/2008/7 32 bit и 64 bit) Последняя версия 5.3 (29 июля 2012) …   Википедия

  • Remote Manipulator System — Blick auf den RMS aus dem Flugdeck des Space Shuttles Das Remote Manipulator System (RMS), auch als Canadarm bezeichnet, ist ein elektromechanischer Arm an Bord des Space Shuttles, der Nutzlasten ergreifen, sie aus der Ladebucht aussetzen und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shuttle Remote Manipulator System — Vue sur la baie de stockage de la navette spatiale avec à droite le Canadarm déployé Le Shuttle Remote Manipulator System (SRMS), ou Canadarm (nom qui évoque le fait qu il a été conçu au Canada), est un bras mécanique attaché à la navette… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Remote Office Manager — Тип удалённое администрирование Разработчик Aledensoft Операционная система Microsoft Windows (7/2000/XP/2003/Vista 32 bit и 64 bit) Последняя версия 4.1.2 (14 февраля 2010) …   Википедия

  • remote-control manipulator — nuotolinis manipuliatorius statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. remote manipulator; remote control manipulator vok. Fernmanipulator, m rus. дистанционный манипулятор, m pranc. télémanipulateur, m …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • Remote magnetic navigation — Remote Magnetic Navigation, or Stereotaxis, is an emerging technology in interventional cardiology. Catheters with magnetic tips can be steered within the patient, without the need for an electrophysiologist to maneuver the catheter placement… …   Wikipedia

  • manipulator — [mə nip′yo͞o lāt΄ər, mə nip΄yəlāt΄ər] n. 1. a person or thing that manipulates ☆ 2. a mechanical device that is operated by remote control, as for handling radioactive materials …   English World dictionary

  • Manipulator — Two FANUC R2000iB industrial robots control unit cases In robotics a manipulator is a device used to manipulate materials without direct contact. The applications were originally for dealing with radioactive or biohazardous materials, using… …   Wikipedia

  • manipulator — /meuh nip yeuh lay teuhr/, n. 1. a person who manipulates. 2. a mechanical device for the remote handling of objects or materials in conditions not permitting the immediate presence of workers. [1850 55; MANIPULATE + OR2] * * * …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”