Alcaeus may refer to several ancient Greek figures, notably:
Alcaeus (mythology), the son of Perseus and the father of Amphitryon
Alcaeus of Mytilene, a lyric poet of the archaic period
Alcaeus of Messene, a Greek epigrammatist of the late 3rd/early 2nd century BC
*Alcaeus, an Epicurean philosopher who was expelled from Rome by a decree of the senate about 173 or
154 BC. [Perizon. "ad Aelian. V. H." ix. 22] [Athen. xii. p. 547, a.] [ Suda"s. v." polytonic|Ἐπίκουρος]
*Alcaeus, incidentally spoken of by
Polybiusas habitually ridiculing the grammarianIsocrates. [ Polybius, xxxii. 6, 160 BC] It is possible that this and the above, of whom nothing further is known, may have been identical with each other, and with the Alcaeus of Messene.
*Alcaeus, mentioned in the
Sudaas a writer of ten plays of the Old Comedy. In 388 BC, his play "Pasiphae" was awarded the fifth (i.e. last) place prize. Titles and fragments of seven other plays still exist, and suggest that he worked mainly in mythological subjects.Citation | last = Dover | first = Kenneth James | author-link = | contribution = Alcaeus (2) | editor-last = Hornblower | editor-first = Simon | title = Oxford Classical Dictionary| volume = | pages = | publisher = Oxford University Press| place = Oxford | year = 1996 | contribution-url = ] cite encyclopedia | last = Smith | first = Philip | authorlink = | title = Alcaeus | editor = William Smith | encyclopedia = Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology| volume = 1 | pages = 96 | publisher = Little, Brown and Company| location = Boston | year = 1867 | url = http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-bio/0105.html ]
*Alcaeus, the original name of
Heracles, according to Diodorus Siculus.cite encyclopedia | last = Schmitz | first = Leonhard | authorlink = | title = Alceides | editor = William Smith | encyclopedia = Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology| volume = 1 | pages = 98 | publisher = Little, Brown and Company| location = Boston | year = 1867 | url = http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-bio/0107.html ]
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