- Pilsner Urquell
:"This article is for the beer, for the brewery that produces it, see
Pilsner Urquell (international title in German, "Plzeňský Prazdroj" in Czech) is a
bottom-fermenting beerproduced since 1842 in Pilsen, Bohemia(Plzeň, Czech Republic). The beer is today a prominent brand of global brewing empire SABMiller, which has also started brewing Pilsner Urquell in Poland[cite news
title = Czech beer brand gets Polish licence
publisher = FoodAndDrinkEurope.com
url = http://www.foodanddrinkeurope.com/news/ng.asp?id=15688-czech-beer-brand
accessdate = 2007-03-10] and
Pilsner Urquell is somewhat heavier (with an almost
ale-like fruitiness in the maltbody) and more strongly hopped than most pilsener beers, which is considered by many to be its most distinguishing characteristic. Fact|date=September 2007. Saazhops, a noble hop variety, are a key element in its flavour profile, as are the use of soft water [http://www.pilsner-urquell.com/html/en_gb/_2_1_3.html] and fire-brewing [http://www.pilsner-urquell.com/html/en_gb/_2_2_2.html] . It is available in a 500ml (half litre) aluminium can in addition to the classic, stylish green bottle, pictured here on the right.
As its name claims ("original source" is the meaning of both "Urquell" in German; the official language of Bohemia when it was a part of the
Austrian Empirein which the brewery was founded in 1839, and of "Prazdroj", in Czech); it is the world's original pilsener, or golden beer. Most popular lagersproduced in the rest of the world are based upon this original beer. [Jackson, Michael. Ultimate Beer, page 124, DK Publishing, Inc., 1998. ISBN 0-789-43527-6] Many beers that call themselves a pilsner, pilsener or pils is referring to being made in the style of this beer, first brewed by Josef Grollon 5 October 1842. The Bavarian brewer had been hired by local German-speaking citizens which had founded the "Bürgerbrauerei" (Burghers' brewery, later translated to "Měšťanský pivovar" in Czech).
In 1859 [ [http://www.pilsner-urquell.cz/cs/homepage/tradice/historie-pivovaru-v-datech/ Pilsner Urquell ] ] , the Bürgerbrauerei registered "Pilsner Bier B B". After local competition had been founded in 1869, in 1898 they also registered "Original Pilsner Bier 1842" and "Pilsner Urquell". Czech versions were "Plzeňský pramen", "Prapramen", "Měšťanské Plzeňské", "Plzeňský pravý zdroj" were brand names that the Burgess' Brewery registered at the end of the nineteenth century; however, it was another name that persevered: "Pilsner Urquell", and "Plzeňský Prazdroj" in Czech.
Notes and references
* [http://www.pilsnerurquell.com/ www.pilsnerurquell.com] — the official website Pilsner Urquell
* [http://www.prazdroj.cz/en/ www.prazdroj.cz] — the official website Plzensky Prazdroj
* [http://www.prazdroj.cz/en/about-beer/beer-production-chart Beer production chart] — an interactive scheme of the Pilsner Urquell production
* [http://yournextbeer.blogspot.com/2007/05/episode-6-pilsner-urquell-czech-baby.html Your Next Beer - Pilsner Urquell] - a podcast about this beer, touches on taste and history.
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