- Scottish Land Restoration League
The Scottish Land Restoration League was a Georgist
political partyin Scotland.
In the 1880s,
enclosurewas still in process in the Scottish Highlands, and resistance to it often received support from radicals around Britain and Ireland. Branches of the Irish Land League, founded in 1879 to campaign against landlordism, had been set up in Scotland, but the League was wound up in 1883.
Henry Georgetoured the Highlands and major cities of Scotland on the invitation of the English Land Reform Union. Touring with Edward McHugh, he spoke on his theory of land reform. The tour culminated with a large meeting Glasgow on 18 February1884, chaired by John Murdoch. Almost 2,000 people signed up, on the initiative of Richard McGhee, to form an organisation to propagate and campaign for George's ideas. This group was formed as the "Scottish Land Restoration League". William Forsyth became its first President, and McHugh its first Secretary. The group immediately spread to other cities around the nation. Among those who joined were many former members of the Land League.
A second tour by George at the end of 1884 attracted less attention, and McHugh was accused of mismanaging its publicity. Already, the League was in decline, and when it stood five candidates in the
UK general election, 1885, they received a total of only 2,359 votes. [http://www.election.demon.co.uk/geresults.html] McGhee soon assumed the Presidency of the League.
In 1888, some members, around
Keir Hardie, formed the Scottish Labour Party, and ceased to work with the League. McGhee left his post in 1889, to become honorary President of the National Union of Dock Labourers. Alexander Bowman was elected as the League's new President the following year. The League merged with the Henry George Instituteand the South Side Single Tax Association and renamed itself the Scottish Land Restoration Federation. Bowman left this post in 1892, and the remainder of the Federation appears to have joined the Scottish Labour Party.
Highland Land League
*Henry George, Jr, " [http://fax.libs.uga.edu/HB171xG348c/1f/HG_V10_The_Life_of_Henry_George_period_iii.txt The Life of Henry George: Third Period] "
*Mairtin O'Caithain, " [http://srsm.port5.com/scotradhist/davitt.html Fenianism, Michael Davitt and Land and Labour in Scotland] "
*John D. Wood, " [http://www.cooperativeindividualism.org/wood-john_henry-george-and-scots.html Henry George's Influence on Scottish Land Reform] "
*Graham Boyd, " [http://www.caledonia.org.uk/socialland/history.htm To Restore the Land to the People and the People to the Land: the emergence of the Not-for-Private-Profit Landownership Sector in the Highlands and Islands of Scotland] "
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