- Hunts Point, Bronx
Hunts Point has a population of approximately 12,000 people.cite web|url=http://home2.nyc.gov/html/dcp/html/hunts_point/index.shtml|title=NYC Department of City Planning: Special Hunts Point District|accessdate=2008-08-10]
For decades, Hunts Point has been one of poorest communities in the country.cn|date=August 2008 Over half the population lives below the poverty line and receives public assistance (AFDC, Home Relief, Supplemental Security Income, and Medicaid). Hunts Point has one of the highest concentrations of Hispanics in all of New York City, mainly Puerto Ricans.
Only 3,361 people in the area are reported to be in the labor force, which translates as approximately 40% of the total available working population that is employed. The average family here makes around $17,000 per year and the average household income is $16,000 per year. In the United States as whole the average household income is $42,000 per year and the average family makes $50,000 per year.cite web|url=http://www.nyc.gov/html/dcp/pdf/lucds/bx2profile.pdf|title=Bronx Community District 2|accessdate=2008-08-10]
ZIP codeis 10474.
Land use and terrain
Hunts Point is a
peninsulalocated at the confluence of the Bronx Riverand the East River, which is actually a tidal straitconnecting Upper New York Bayto the Long Island Sound. The total land area is approximately 690 acres or 1.07 square miles.
Most of the land area in Hunts Point is dominated by industry. There is a small but dense residential pocket that occupies the high ground in the northern half of the peninsula along Hunts Point Avenue. It consists primarily of older
apartment buildings with a smaller number of semi-detached multi-unit row houses.
There are also two secure detention centers located in Hunts Point with a third planned.
New York City Department of City Planningdesignated a Special Hunts Point District in 2004 to incorporate zoning changes to encourage growth of the food distribution center while protecting the residential neighborhood. [cite news |url=http://www.businessfacilities.com/bf_08_07_corpmove1.php |title=Gourmet Guru Stays True to Its NY Roots |work=Business Facilities |first=Bill |last=Trüb |date=July 2008 |accessdate=2008-08-13 ]
The largest park in Hunts Point is the five-acre
Barretto Point Parklocated on the East Riverwaterfront. It offers piers for fishing, sites for launching canoes and kayaks, and a floating swimming poolduring the summer. There are also volleyball and basketball courts, a small amphitheater, and restroom facilities. [cite web|url=http://www.nycgovparks.org/parks/X307/?parkUrl=X307|title=NYC Department of Parks and Recreation|accessdate=2008-08-10]
Other parks include the Tiffany Street Pier, the waterfront Lafayette Avenue Park with additional boat launching sites, Joseph Rodman Drake Park, Barretto Park, Hunts Point Playground, and the Julio Carballo Ball Fields.
Hunts Point Food Distribution Center
Hunts Point is home to one of the largest
food distributioncenters in the world, covering 329 acres. The Produce and Meat Distribution Center were opened along the Bronx river in 1967 and 1974, respectively. In 2005, Hunts Point became the site for New York City's New Fulton Fish Market, which replaced the 180 year old fish market formerly located in downtown Manhattan. Over 800 industrial businesses, employing over 25,000 workers, are located on the peninsula. A large concentration of food wholesalers, distributors, and food processing businesses are located in the New York City zoned industrial business park. Below are some of the facilities that make up the Food Distribution Center in Hunts Point:
New York City Terminal Market
New York City Terminal Marketcarries fresh fruit and vegetables from 49 states and 55 foreign countries. The market consists of four buildings, each one-third of a mile in length. More than 65 fruit and vegetable wholesalers own and operate the coop, which has convert|475000|sqft|m2|-2 of warehouse space. Each year approximately 2.7 billion pounds of produce are sold from the Market which as recently as 1998 posted $1.5 billion in revenues. The market caters to the largest ethnically diverse region in the world with an estimated population that exceeds 15 million people (N.Y.C. metro area).
Hunts Point Cooperative Market
Hunts Point Cooperative Markethandles the production, processing, distribution and sale of meat, poultry and related products. Spread over 38 acres, the market’s six main buildings offer convert|700000|sqft|m2|-4 of refrigerated space. More than 50 independent wholesale food companies operate facilities here. In 2002, a state-of-the art, convert|100000|sqft|m2|-4|sing=on refrigerated warehouse was added to accommodate the ever expanding needs businesses. [cite web|url=http://www.huntspointcoopmkt.com/benefits.html|title=Hunts Point Cooperative Market|accessdate=2008-08-10]
New Fulton Fish Market
In November 2001, shortly before leaving office, former New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani broke ground for the New
Fulton Fish Marketin Hunts Point. Nearly 4 years after the structure was completed, which cost $85 million to build, 55 businesses moved into a convert|450000|sqft|m2|-3|sing=on complex, located within the Hunts Point Food Distribution Center. The facility generates an estimated $1 billion in yearly revenue, as it allows seafood distributors to store their goods in a temperature controlled warehouse with ease of access to NYC, New Jersey and Connecticut.
pofford Juvenile Center
Spofford Juvenile Centerwas the New York City Department of Juvenile Justice's (DJJ) only Secure Detention center until August 1 1998, when it was vacated by the DJJ. It was located in the Bronx borough of New York City. On January 18 1998, the Horizon Juvenile Center, in the Melrose neighborhood of the Bronx, and the Crossroads Juvenile Center, in Brownsville, were both opened to fill the void left by the shuttering of the Spofford facility. It is currently used as an Intake and Admissions facility for both boys and girls, as well as a transfer point for state ready youth.
Vernon C. Bain Correctional Center
Vernon C. Bain Correctional Center(VCBC) is an 800-bed barge built in New York, NY, USA, for $161 million, currently used as part of the New York City Department of Corrections. It is designed to handle inmates from medium- to maximum-security in 16 dormitories and 100 cells. It was opened in 1992 and was named for Vernon C. Bain, a warden who died in a car accident. It has been used by the city of New York as a prison, but has also temporarily held juvenile inmates.
There is one
New York City Housing Authoritylow income housing development located in Hunts Point [http://www.nyc.gov/html/nycha/html/home/home.shtml NYCHA locations in Hunts Point] ] , Hunts Point Avenue Rehab, which includes thirteen rehabilitated tenement buildings, 4 and 5-stories tall.
The Europeans first settled Hunt’s Point in 1663. At this time, Edward Jessup and John Richardson arrived on the peninsula and purchased the land from the Wekkguasegeeck tribe indigenous to the area. After Jessup died his widow, Elizabeth entrusted the land to Thomas Hunt Jr., her son in-law for whom the area is named. [cite web |url=http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~vantasselfamilyhistoryhomepage/oldfamiliesofwestchester/hunt.html| title= Van Tassel Family Genealogy Page |accessdate=2006-08-21]
In the years between the Hunts’ inheritance and 1850, several other wealthy landowning families occupied the peninsula. Legend has it that
George Fox(1624-1691), founder of the Society of Friends(commonly known as Quakers), preached in the area in 1672. William H. Fox, a descendant of the Quaker leader, and his wife Charlotte Leggett, owned much of the land that is now Hunts Point.
As time passed and more New Yorkers became aware of the luxurious lifestyle available in Hunt’s Point, more City dwellers flocked to the area between 1850 and 1900. Later, the property wound up in the hands of Fox's and Leggett's son-in-law, H.D. Tiffany, a member of the family that owned the famous jewelry and decorative arts store
Tiffany & Co.now on Fifth Avenuein Manhattan. Fox, Tiffany and Leggett Streets derive their names from these former landowners. In 1909, the Fox mansion was demolished.
Hunts Point’s status as a home and vacation spot to the city’s elite came to a rather abrupt end in the period following World War I. At this time, a train line was built along Southern Boulevard. Apartment buildings replaced mansions, streets replaced meadows and Hunt’s Point became a virtual melting pot for the City’s masses. [cite web |url=http://www.nycgovparks.org/sub_your_park/historical_signs/hs_historical_sign.php?id=8229| title= NYC Parks|accessdate=2008-08-10]
Aside from being a period of residential growth for Hunt’s Point, the 20th century has also been a time of industrial expansion for the peninsula. As more people moved to the area, the city’s business owners began to realize the advantages of locating to Hunt’s Point. Among them were the convenient access to the Tri-State region, the existing rail lines running through the Hunt’s Point area and the abundance of space available for the development of industrial and commercial activity.
This discovery led to an influx of businesses to the area. As the momentum of incoming businesses increased, the reputation of Hunt’s Point grew accordingly among business circles. With the openings of the New York City Produce market in 1967 and Hunts Point Meat Market in 1974, and culminating with the designation of Hunts Point as an In-Place-Industrial Park in 1980, Hunts Point has grown into a successful economic zone. The Hunts Point Industrial Park hosts over 800 businesses providing an array of products and services to points throughout the world.
The second half of the 20th century, has been a difficult time for the district's residential community. Characterized by frequent arson and mass abandonment throughout the 1960s, 70s and 80s, this period was a low point in the area's history. Living conditions became so difficult that almost 60,000 residents, approximately two-thirds of the existing population, left the neighborhood during the 1970s. [cite web |url=http://www.bronxcb2.org/index.php| title= Bronx Community Board #2|accessdate=2006-08-21] Hunts Point is still a struggling neighborhood, with over half the population living below the poverty line and a very high violent crime rate. The first full-service post office in the neighborhood opened in 2001. [cite web |url=http://www.hpedc.org/index.php?menuoption=accomplished |title=Major Accomplishments |publisher=Hunts Point Economic Development Corporation |accessdate=2008-08-13] [cite news |url=http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/ny_local/1995/04/14/1995-04-14_hunts_point_to_get_post_offi.html |title=Hunts Point To Get Post Office |work=
Daily News|first=Zachary |last=Margulis |date=1995-04-14 |accessdate=2008-08-13]
Hunts Point has suffered from crime and poverty for many years, and is part of the poorest congressional district in the country, with over half the population living well below the poverty line. The neighborhood's 41st police precinct consistently records the highest violent crime rate per capita in New York City, and due to its small and dense residential area, it has long been considered one of the most dangerous areas in the city. [cite web|url=http://www.nyc.gov/html/nypd/downloads/pdf/crime_statistics/cs041pct.pdf|title=NYPD 41st precinct crime statistics|accessdate=2008-08-13] Violence due to gangs and drugs is common throughout the community, and it is one of the NYPD's "impact zones". Due to the lucrative drug trade in the area, many drug addicts reside in the community. The area also suffers from high incarceration rates. [cite web|url=http://www.wnyc.org/blog/lehrer/archives/archive/NYC%20Analysis-9%20copy2.gif|title=NYC incarceration maps|accessdate=2008-08-13] Violence is also a problem in the neighborhood's schools. Students are required to pass through metal detectors and swipe ID cards to enter the buildings. The neighborhood has been noted for its
prostitutionindustry. HBOhas made four documentaries about prostitution in Hunts Point, the most recent in April 2002.
The area is patrolled by the 41st Precinct located at located at 1035 Longwood Avenue in Longwood. NYCHA property in the area is patrolled by P.S.A. 7 at 737 Melrose Avenue located in the Melrose section of the Bronx.
There are several non profits operating in this section of the South Bronx, most notably: the Hunts Point Economic Development Corporation (HPEDC), Sustainable South Bronx (SSBx), the Point Community Development Corporation, Rocking the Boat, and The Legal Aid Society, Bronx Neighborhood Office. The South Bronx Overall Economic Development Corporation (SoBRO) is also involved in this area.
Hunts Point Economic Development Corporation
[http://www.hpedc.org/ The Hunts Point Economic Development Corporation] (HPEDC) was established in 1988 as a not-for-profit economic development corporation with the aim of improving and enhancing the challenging Hunts Point business environment.
Josephine Infante is the founder and executive director of HPEDC, which has worked with public and private agencies to obtain federal empowerment and empire state incentives to revitalize the Hunts Point industrial zone. Since HPEDC has monitored more than five hundred million dollars in public works projects, and worked with the city to relocate of the Fulton Fish Market in Manhattan to Hunts Point and thus consolidate the Hunts Point Food Distribution Center as a major generator of jobs in the Bronx.
HPEDC partnered with the police to relocate the infamous "Fort Apache" 41st precinct to a more central location in the community. In 1995 HPEDC successfully lobbied NYNEX to accelerate the investment of $51 million to upgrade telephone system for fiber optic lines underground. In 2005, the city and HPEDC inaugurated an employment and training center for Hunts Point. Over 1,000 placements were made and as a result,a permanent workforce program was approved for Hunts Point starting 2008. The Southern Boulevard Business Improvement District (BID), signed into law at the end of 2007, is a plan where commercial businesses join together with property owners to develop and underwrite the cost of additional services to the retail area.
ustainable South Bronx
Sustainable South Bronx(SSBx) is a community-led environmental justice solutions organization working to improve the environment.
SSBx, founded by
Majora Carter, has brought government, corporate, and foundation money into the area to build two new waterfront parks along the Bronx River at Lafayette Avenue, and along the East River at the end of Tiffany Street, providing the first formalized waterfront access in 60 years.
In addition, SSBx runs the Bronx Environmental Stewardship Training (BEST) program, which takes qualifying students through 10 weeks of intensive training covering everything from tree pruning and climbing to OSHA
brownfieldremediation to green roof installation and maintenance to estuary restoration to job/life skills. This program aims to give local residents a personal and financial stake in the management of their local environment. In December 2006, Mitsubishi Corporationcontributed $150,000 to expand the program.
In 2005, above their offices in the historic American Banknote Building SSBx built the SSBx Cool and Greenroof Demonstration Project, the first such roof in New York City.
Green roofs mitigate urban heat islandeffect, retain storm water runoff from overwhelming the city sewage systemand dumping into the rivers, and provide local jobs for installation and maintenance. In 2007, SSBx launched the for-profit SmartRoofs, a green roof installation business.
outh Bronx Overall Economic Development Corporation (SoBRO)
[http://www.sobro.org/ SoBRO] was founded in 1972 by a group of business executives and community leaders. Their mission was to reverse the flight of businesses and jobs from the South Bronx and rebuild the community. At the time it was known for burned out buildings, crime, poverty and drugs. SoBRO expanded its mission to address more aspects of community development: assisting local businesses to get started and grow, training residents according to the needs of employers, offering opportunities for youth to learn and develop, and creating affordable housing and commercial space that reverses blight in the community. SoBRO has partnered with the NYC Economic Development Corporation to build 2000 new jail cells in the South Bronx.
Rocking the Boat
Rocking the Boatuses traditional wooden boatbuilding and on-water education to help over 2,000 youth develop into empowered and responsible adults by assisting them in dealing with everyday realities that are often not addressed at home or in school. Five levels of community and youth development programs operate during the fall and spring academic semesters and over the summer. Rocking the Boat holds community rowing events on Fridays and Saturdays.
Rocking the Boat's Hunt Point river site is located at the Jose E. Serrano Riverside Campus for Arts and the Environment, adjacent to Lafayette Park on the
The Legal Aid Society
Legal Aid Societyhas provided free civil legal services to needy residents from its Bronx Neighborhood Office for over 20 years. It specializes in housing, government benefits, and matrimonial law.
An urban arts scene is emerging in Hunts Point, with cultural institutions such as [http://www.thepoint.org The Point Community Development Corporation] , [http://bronxacademyofartsanddance.org/ the Bronx Academy of Arts and Dance (BAAD)] , [http://www.mudbone.org MUD/BONE] , [http://www.rockingtheboat.org Rocking The Boat] . BAAD is located in the historic [http://www.TheBankNoteNYC.com Bank Note Building] .
The Point, which is located in a former
bagelfactory, provides performance art space, visual art galleries, after-school programs in the visual and performing arts for schoolchildren in the community, and community organizing around environmental improvement and infrastructure development in the neighborhood.
In 2006, an on-line news outlet "The Hunts Point Express" began reporting on Hunts Point and Longwood. Written by students at
Hunter College, it is edited by journalism professor Bernard L. Stein, and now appears in a print edition as well, available free at community centers, clinics and stores throughout the neighborhood.
The Hunts Point Branch of the
New York Public Librarywas completed in 1929 as the last Carnegie libraryin the system. The building was designed by Carrère and Hastings, the architects of the main library, with seven brick archways across the facade. [cite web|url=http://www.nypl.org/branch/local/bx/hsrinfo.html|title=The New York Public Library Branch Information|accessdate=2008-08-10]
Bronx Charter School for the Artsand the South Bronx Classical Charter Schoolare located in Hunts Point.
Other schools include the Hyde Leadership Charter School, the Linsay Wildcat Academy Charter School, MS201 Theatre Arts & RSCH, P352 at 201 Vida Bogart School, PS 352, PS 48 Joseph R Drake, St. Ignatius School, and Wildcat Second Opportunity School.
Major thoroughfares include
Hunts Point Avenueand the Robert Moses-planned Bruckner Expressway, which connects to Interstate 95.
The food distribution and industrial businesses on the peninsula are serviced by
CSX Transportation freight trains.
* [http://www.bronxcb2.org/index.php Bronx Community Board 2]
* [http://www.huntspointexpress.com/ "The Hunts Point Express"]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.