- Adjar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
The Adjar ASSR, Adzhar ASSR or Adjarian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was an autonomous republic of the Soviet Union within the
Georgian SSR, established on 16 July, 1921. After the dissolution of the Soviet Unionin 1991 it constitutes the Autonomous Republic of Adjaraof Georgia.
After a temporary occupation by Turkish and British troops in 1918–1920, Ajaria was reunited with Georgia in 1920. After a brief military conflict in March 1921,
Ankaragovernment ceded the territory to Georgia due to Article VI of Treaty of Karswith the condition for autonomy to be provided for the Muslimpopulation. The Soviet Unionestablished the Adjarian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic on 16 July, 1921in accord with this clause. However under Joseph Stalin, Islam, like Christianity, was repressed.
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