Canadian Arms trade

Canadian Arms trade

Canadian Arms Sales are governed by the country's Export and Imports Permits Act. Sales with the United States are also specifically regulated by the 1959 Defence Production Sharing Arrangement.

As of 2000, the largest Canadian-owned arms-exporters were Canadian Aviation Electronics, the 61st-largest defence corporation in the world, and DY4, the 94th-largest. Foreign-owned companies based in Canada, such as General Motors and Bell Helicopter also contribute significantly.


Annual reports


In 1986, Project Ploughshares organised a protest against the conference "HiTech '86" which is hosted by the Canadian government, advertising potential foreign markets to military-based contractors. [ [ Views on Canadian Arms Sales ] ]


In 1991, the Canadian government amended the Exports and Imports Permit Act, to allow more freedom in selling LAVs and automatic weapons. Because it had recently been banned from Ottawa city property, the Arms Exhibition ARMX'91 moved to a new home at the Carp Airport outside the city limits.


In 1992, the Official Opposition Liberal Party introduced a Parliamentary proposal entitled "Defence Conversion - A Liberal Priority", which outlined three possibilities for a post-Cold War Canadian arms trade, including "increas [ing] exports to developing countries where arms spending has been less affected by the Cold War's end - thereby adding to the misery of these countries.", and instead advocating the third option, to "encourage Canadian defence companies to adjust and move away from a dependence on military production and export.".


In 1994, Canadian arms sales skyrocketed 48% to a total of $497.4 million, causing a brief controversy. ["Export of Military Goods from Canada Annual Report" produced by the Export Controls Division of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.] This sharp escalation contributed to Canada's position as the 7th largest supplier of military arms to Third World countries. Large sales included GM-built Light Armoured Vehicles to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and Air Defense Anti-Tank Systems and a Tactical Air Navigation System to Thailand. [ [ Canadian arms sales to the Third World ] ]

1994 also saw Canada begin selling military arms to Algeria, Colombia, Indonesia and South Africa.


In 1995, Canada became the 7th-largest supplier of arms to third-world countries, and the 10th largest arms dealer overall. [ [ NewsWatch Canada ] ]


In 2000, Canada's sales totalled $434 million, across 50 nations. Large sales included eight Howitzers to Brazil, and four more LAVs to Saudi Arabia, while smaller sales included $4.9 million worth of rockets to Malaysia, $270,976 in simulator parts to Morocco, $50,000 worth of aircraft parts to Indonesia, $27,000 in small arms to Argentina, $21,400 worth of missile parts to Egypt. [ [ AlterNet: Opening The Books On Canadian Arms Sales ] ]

The year also marked the conclusion of the Canadian sale of 40 Huey military helicopters to the United States, who then refitted 33 of the craft with further military upgrades and sold them to Columbia, thus allowing Canada to bypass its restriction against selling arms to Colombia. [ [ Amnesty International ] ]


By 2001, the past ten years had seen $11.6 million worth of handguns and military aircraft parts sold to the Philippines. [ [ Amnesty International ] ]


Major sales in 2004 included the sale of $346 million worth of Bell Helicopters to Pakistan and $22 million worth of Pratt & Whitney Canada aircraft engines to Indonesia.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Arms industry — Workers assemble pistols at the John Inglis munitions plant, Canada, April 1944 The arms industry is a global industry and business which manufactures and sells weapons and military technology and equipment. It comprises government and commercial …   Wikipedia

  • Canadian-Dutch relations — describes the foreign relations between Canada and the Netherlands. History Dutch relations with what later become Canada began with the founding of the first Dutch colonies in North America (New Netherland) and their conflict with the… …   Wikipedia

  • Arms of Canada — Arms of Her Majesty in Right of Canada …   Wikipedia

  • Canadian Heraldic Authority — The Canadian Heraldic Authority ( fr. Autorité héraldique du Canada) is part of the Canadian honours system under the Governor General of Canada. The Authority is responsible for the creation and granting of new coats of arms (armorial bearings) …   Wikipedia

  • Canadian National Vimy Memorial — Veterans Affairs Canada Commonwealth War Graves Commission …   Wikipedia

  • Canadian identity — refers to the set of characteristics and symbols that many Canadians regard as expressing their unique place and role in the world. Primary influences on the Canadian identity are the existence of many well established First Nations and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Canadian Forces Medical Service — Badge Active Country …   Wikipedia

  • Canadian English — (CanE, en CA) [en CA is the language code for Canadian English , as defined by ISO standards (see ISO 639 1 and ISO 3166 1 alpha 2) and Internet standards (see IETF language tag).] is the variety of English used in Canada. More than 26 million… …   Wikipedia

  • Canadian Federation of Students — Fédération canadienne des étudiantes et étudiants Founded 1981 Members 500,000 (est.) Country Canada …   Wikipedia

  • Canadian passport — A Canadian passport is an official document issued to citizens of Canada for the purpose of international travel; allowing the bearer to travel in foreign countries in accordance with visa requirements; facilitating the process of securing… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”