A bayou (pronounced IPA| [ˈbaɪ oʊ] or IPA| [ˈbaɪ uː] ) is a small, slow-moving
streamor creek, or a lake or pool (bayou lake) that lies in an abandoned channel of a stream. Bayous are usually located in relatively flat, low-lying areas, for example, in the Mississippi Riverdelta region of the southern United States. A bayou is frequently a slackwater anabranchor minor braid of a braided channel, that is moving with less velocity than the mainstem. Many bayous are the home of crawfish, certain species of shrimp, other shellfish, and catfish.
The word was first used by the English in
Louisianaand is thought to originate from the Choctawword "bayuk", which means "small stream." The first settlements of Acadians in southern Louisiana were near Bayou Lafourcheand Bayou des Ecores, which led to a close association of the bayou with Cajunculture.
Bayou Country is most closely associated with
Cajunand Creole cultural groups native to the Gulf Coastregion generally stretching from Houston, Texas, to Mobile, Alabama, with its center in New Orleans, Louisiana.
An alternate spelling "buyou" has also been used, as in the "Pine Buyou" used in a description by Congress in 1833 of Arkansas Territory.
Bayous are often the setting of horror movies since they are commonly seen as spooky and mysterious. Some famous horror movies that are associated or take place in bayous include "
The Skeleton Key", "Hatchet", and " The Reaping".
Hurricane on the Bayou
* Bayou Bartholomew
Bayou St. John
* Big Bayou Canot
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