Grana (cheese)

Grana (cheese)

Grana originally referred to a class of hard, mature cheeses from Italy which have a granular texture and are often used for grating. These cheeses are typically made in the form of large drums. The structure is often described as crystalline, and the drums are divided by being split with a fairly blunt triangular knife designed for the purpose, rather than being sliced, cut or sawed. Within the European Union, the term Grana is now legally protected by Grana Padano Protected Designation of Origin, such that only Grana Padano may be sold using the term in EU countries.

The two best-known examples of grana-type cheeses are Parmigiano-Reggiano and Grana Padano.

The main difference between the two is that cows producing Parmigiano-Reggiano eat only grass and cereals (no silage), no preservatives and no antibiotics. Cows that have been treated with antibiotics are suspended from production of Parmigiano-Reggiano. Silage is a fermented forage that requires the addition of a natural preservative (lysozyme) to Grana Padano.

Other Grana cheeses include:
*Granone Lodigiano (also called "Tipico Lodigiano"), produced in the Province of Lodi
*Trentingrana, produced in and around Trento
*Gransardo, from Sardinia

History

Grana originally described a type of hard cheese from the Po Valley (Valle Padana), Northern Italy, with a distinctive granular texture (the word "grana" in Italian means "grain").

Created by monks nearly 1000 years ago as way to preserve the surplus milk their herds produced, they invented a cheese that could withstand the test of time.

The cheese became so popular that certain varieties of Grana cheeses became well-known such as "Grana Lodigiano", "Grana Emiliano", "Grana Lombardo" and "Grana Veneto". However, when Italian law Number 125 from 10th April 1954, defining the designations of Italian cheese origins, was applied, it was asked that the designation of origin "Grana Padano" be granted, as the term "Padano" was considered the most suitable to reunite, under a more broad geographical term, the different varieties of Grana cheese, that were produced in the various regions of the Padana Valley.

Therefore, from 1954, the type Grana has been absorbed in the species represented by the new designations "Grana Padano" and "Parmigiano-Reggiano", and as such does not exist anymore as designation of its own.

The presence of Trentingrana is not an exception, as it has been granted - in view of a legal ruling (D.P.R. 26/01/87) and due to particular methods of production - the possibility to specify the area of production (independent Province of Trento) though still remaining to all extent subject to Grana Padano PDO (Protected Designation of Origin, in Italian "Denominazione di Origine Protetta"), as it maintains all its characteristics, having to comply with the same production standard and subjected to the controls and services of the Consortium for the Protection of Grana Padano Cheese.

Therefore, within the European Union, the word "Grana" forms an integral and essential part of Grana Padano PDO, and as such, cannot be used for trade within the EU in disjunction to the word "Padano", and must refer only to cheeses that have been distinguished with the Grana Padano PDO status. This was also confirmed in 2007 by a ruling of the First Instance European Court of Justice (12th September 2007, case T-291/03).

References

*Consorzio Tutela Grana Padano
*Rubino, R., Sardo, P., Surrusca, A. (2005), "Italian Cheese", ISBN 88-8499-111-0

External links

* [http://www.granapadano.it Grana Padano]
* [http://www.trentingrana.it Trentingrana]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • grana cheese — зернистый сыр Brie cheese сыр бри brie cheese сыр бри Jack cheese сыр джек brick cheese сыр брик soy cheese соевый сыр …   English-Russian travelling dictionary

  • grana cheese — noun see grana I …   Useful english dictionary

  • Grana — may refer to:*grana (cheese), an abbreviation for the Italian granular cheese Grana Padano *granum, biological term for a thylakoid stack *Grana (AT), a commune in the Province of Asti, Piedmont, Italy *Grana del Monferrato a river with rises… …   Wikipedia

  • grana — I. ˈgränə noun or grana cheese ( s) Etymology: Italian (formaggio di) grana granular cheese, from grana grain, from Latin, plural of granum more at corn …   Useful english dictionary

  • Grana Padano — Infobox Cheese name = Grana Padano othernames = country = Italy regiontown = Emilia Romagna: province of PiacenzaLombardy: provinces of Bergamo, Brescia Cremona, Lodi, Mantua (to the left of the Po), Milan and PaviaPiedmont: province of Cuneo… …   Wikipedia

  • cheese — Synonyms and related words: Alentejo, Alise Sainte Reine, American cheese, Amou, Arrigny, Asco, Asio, Augelot, Aurore, Autun, Backstein, Battelmatt, Beaufort, Beaumont, Bel Paese, Bitto, Bleu de Bassilac, Bleu de Salers, Blue Dorset, Boursin, Bra …   Moby Thesaurus

  • grana — /ˈgranə/ (say grahnuh) noun a type of hard mature cheese from Italy, usually grated, as parmesan. {Italian: grain, from the original granular texture} …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Castelmagno (cheese) — Infobox Cheese name = Castelmagno (DOP) othernames = country = Italy regiontown = Piedmont: province of Cuneo region = town = source = Primarily Cows pasteurised = No texture = Semi hard fat = protein = dimensions = weight = aging = 60 days… …   Wikipedia

  • Granular cheese — Infobox Cheese name = Granular cheese othernames = country = None in particular regiontown = None in particular region = town = source = Cows pasteurised = Possibly texture = Granular, usually hard fat = protein = dimensions = weight = aging =… …   Wikipedia

  • Gorgonzola (cheese) — Gorgonzola Country of origin Italy …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”