Toffee is a confection made by boiling molasses or sugar (creating inverted sugar) along with butter, and occasionally flour. The mixture is heated until its temperature reaches the hard crack stage of 150-160°C (302–310°F). While being prepared, toffee is sometimes mixed with nuts or raisins.

The process of making toffee involves boiling the ingredients until the mix is stiff enough to be pulled into a shape which holds and has a glossy surface. The resulting mixture will typically be poured into a shallow tray and allowed to cool to form a sweet. Different mixes, processes, and (most importantly) temperatures of toffee making will result in different textures and hardnesses, from soft and often sticky to a hard brittle material.

A popular variant in the US is "English toffee", which is a very buttery toffee often made with almonds. It is available in both chewy and hard versions; there is some debate as to which is the traditional English style and which is an Americanized version. A popular presentation of English toffee is covered in chocolate and almond pieces. Heath bars are a type of candy made with an English toffee core.

Another variant is "cinder toffee", also called "honeycomb" or "sponge toffee", which is an aerated version with bubbles introduced by adding baking soda and vinegar while mixing. The baking soda and vinegar react to form carbon dioxide, which is trapped in the highly viscous mixture. In New Zealand this is called "hokey pokey".

A particular application of toffee is in toffee apples, which are apples on sticks which are coated with toffee. Toffee apples are similar to taffy apples and caramel apples (both names for apples which are covered in caramel).

The origins of the word are unknown; The "Oxford English Dictionary" dates the first publication of the word to 1825, although it is almost certain that the sweet dates back further than that. (McGee, 1984 p. 410) claims it to be "from the Creole for a mixture of sugar and molasses" and that it entered the language early in the 19th century.



See also

* Caramel
* Fudge
* Bonfire toffee a very dark toffee
* Knäck traditional Swedish toffee
* Butterscotch a softer form of toffee
* Almond roca a chocolate coated toffee
* Peanut brittle
* Taffy (candy) an airy, chewy candy often fruit flavored
* Caramel candy a dense, chewy soft candy
* Moffat toffee, a boiled sweet made in Scotland
* Toffee hammer

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  • toffee — [ tɔfe; tɔfi ] n. m. • 1898; mot angl. ♦ Anglic. Bonbon anglais caramélisé. ⇒ caramel. Des toffees. toffee [tɔfi] ou (prononc. francisée) [tɔfe] n. m. ÉTYM. 1898; mot angl., tuffy, toughy et toffee, d orig. dialectale. ❖ ♦ Anglic. Bonbon anglais… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Toffee — Tof fee, Toffy Tof fy, n. Taffy. [Eng.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • toffee — (n.) 1825, tuffy, toughy, southern British dialectal variant of TAFFY (Cf. taffy). Modern spelling first recorded 1862 …   Etymology dictionary

  • toffee — (izg. tȍfi) m DEFINICIJA bombon od pržena šećera i mlijeka; mliječna karamela ETIMOLOGIJA engl …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • toffee — (Voz ingl.). m. Caramelo masticable de café con leche …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • toffee — ► NOUN ▪ a kind of firm or hard sweet which softens when sucked or chewed, made by boiling together sugar and butter. ORIGIN alteration of TAFFY(Cf. ↑taffy) …   English terms dictionary

  • toffee — or toffy [tôf′ē, täf′ē] n. [later Brit form of TAFFY] a hard, chewy candy made with brown sugar or molasses and butter, often coated with nuts; kind of taffy …   English World dictionary

  • Toffee — Thorntons special toffee. El toffee o tofi[1] es un caramelo cremoso que se hace con caramelo en almíbar y se le añade mantequilla; cuando el color del caramelo es tostado, se cose la mezcla, hasta que quede homogéne …   Wikipedia Español

  • toffee — n. (also toffy) (pl. toffees or toffies) 1 a kind of firm or hard sweet softening when sucked or chewed, made by boiling sugar, butter, etc. 2 Brit. a small piece of this. Phrases and idioms: for toffee sl. (prec. by can t etc.) (denoting… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Toffee — Thorntons special toffee Le toffee est une confiserie fabriquée en faisant bouillir du sucre ou de la mélasse dans du beurre en présence ou non de farine. Le sucre est chauffé jusqu à atteindre une température comprise entre 145 °C et …   Wikipédia en Français

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