: "This article is about the town in
Croatia. For information about the Nobel Prizewinner, see Vladimir Prelog."
Prelog is a town in northern
Croatia, located about 15 km east of Čakovecin Međimurje county, at coord|46.335|N|16.615|E|, alt. 125 m. The municipality of Prelog has 7,871 residents, while 4,288 live in the town itself (census 2001).
Prelog ( _hu. Perlak) is mentioned for the first time on
December 6, 1264, and that date is celebrated with a local festival. The name "Prelog" is probably derived from the Croatian word "vlak" meaning "the train", "pulling", or "to pull", since the area attracted many visitors who intentionally came and eventually passed by in the process of transitand trade.
The place was obviously well managed and organized so that in 1480 the king of
Croatsand Hungarians, Matthias Corvinus, was stationed here with his army. It was a trade center when the Zrinskifamily of rulers ( Nikola Zrinski, Petar Zrinski) controlled the region. In 1671, Petar Zrinski was accused of treason and executed. After this, the population of Prelog decreased due to fear and suspicion of foreign German armies present nearby.
In 1716, however, the
populationstarted growing and shops, crowded with merchants, travellers, and other busy people. The townbecame a center for the distribution of rock saltfor this part of the kingdom, and a silkplant, so-called "filandra", was founded. (It would close in 1848.)
baroqueChurch of St. Jacobwas built in 1761 in the heyday of the town.
Towards the end of the 18th century, Prelog was the most developed
municipalityin the area of what would become the Medjimurjeof today. In 1786, it was significantly bigger than Čakovec (1729 vs. 1048 inhabitants).
19th and 20th century
Strangely enough, Prelog did not benefit much from the first
trainand railroadtrack built in 1860, which reached westbound of Kotoribaand ultimately reached Budapestand Rijekaon the bay of Kvarner. The town was simply slightly offset, only indirectly connected, unable to benefit properly from the new means of transport. A long period of industrial stagnation ensued. The first bankopened in 1873, and another one in 1905. By the end of the 19th century, the number of residents was around 4100. She was a district ( _hu. jara) of Zala (former county)in Kingdom of Hungarytill 1918.
In the first half of the 20th century, the marginalization of Prelog continued. It was relieved of previous administrative functions. In
World War II, (1941 - 1945), it was under Hungarian occupation. Nearby Čakovec (historic "Chaky's tower") overtook Prelog.
Prelog has regained its confidence and has begun to grow faster since, in 1997, it became a city and thus became again a separate and independent administrative unit.
Today, more than 50% of the
incomeis based on industryand manufacturing. Agricultureaccounts for approximately 19% of the income while a quarter of it is based on commerce and tourism. Prelog's middle schooleducates specialists in the area of tourism and food processing and is attended by more than 470 students in study courses lasting three years. The elementary schoolis attended by 570 pupils.
There are more than 20 different sport clubs in the area (football,
tennis, basketball, table tennis, handball, and others). Among them, the most famous is the speedway clubPrelog.
Other nearby smaller municipalities are
Oporovec, Čehovec, Draškovec, Hemuševec, Cirkovljan, and Čukovec, with the total number of residents approaching 8,000.
Prelog is home to a monument to the Croatian ban
Josip Jelačić. [ [http://www.mnovine.hr/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=8196 Memorial to ban Josip Jelačić unveiled] ]
* [http://www.prelog.hr/ Prelog - in Croatian]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.