Volvo S80

Volvo S80

Infobox Automobile
name = Volvo S80

manufacturer = Volvo Cars
assembly=Torslanda, Sweden
parent_company = Ford Motor Company
Premier Automotive Group
production = 1998–present
predecessor = Volvo S90
layout = Front engine, front-wheel drive / four-wheel drive, transverse
assembly = Torslanda, Sweden
class = Executive car
body_style = 4-door sedan
The Volvo S80 is a high-end executive car produced by the Swedish automaker Volvo and was introduced in 1998 as a replacement for the rear-wheel drive Volvo 960/S90 sedan. Every single Volvo S80 has been built at the Torslanda Plant (Torslandaverken) in Gothenburg, Sweden. Unlike almost all other Volvo models, it did not have a station wagon version for its first generation. Now, the third generation V70 wagon is marketed as the estate version for the second generation S80 sedan. All of this is a part of a major product overhaul at Volvo, including a most luxurious large estate and sedan.

Upon its debut it was notable for being one of the first Volvos to depart from the company's traditionally boxy, conservative styling. The S80's styling, with its pronounced beltlines and tail lights that narrow and go from curves to points as they go up, has been adopted throughout the Volvo line, especially on the S60 and S40 sedans.

The first generation Volvo S80 had one of the world's highest crash test ratings in the world for over 5 years.Fact|date=September 2007 The second generation Volvo S80 in June 2007 scored the highest "good" rating in the IIHS crash test performance for frontal, side, and rear impacts [ [ IIHS S80 Report] ] ,continuing in the success of the first S80 sedan. The second generation S80 has been proven to been better engineered than the out going model contrary to popular belief, and this is in part due to a stiffer more rigid chassis.

First generation

Infobox Automobile generation
name = First generation

production = 1998–2005
platform = Volvo P2 platform
engine = 2.0 I5 LPT
2.4 L I5
2.5 L I5 LPT
2.9 L I6
2.8/2.9 L twin-turbocharged I6
2.4 L I5 Turbo Diesel
2.5 L I5 Turbo Diesel [ Volvo 2003 S80 Specification] ]
wheelbase = 2790 mm (109.9 in)
length = 4820 mm (189.8 in)
2004-06: 4849 mm (190.9 in)
width = 1830 mm (72.1 in)
height = 1435 mm (57.2 in) [ Volvo 2003 S80 Specification] ]
curb weight = 1,634kg - 1,712kg
transmission = 4 speed geartronic automatic
5-speed automatic
5-speed manual
6-speed manual [ Volvo 2003 S80 Specification] ]
fuel_capacity = 70 L (15.4 Imp. gallons)
(18.4 U.S. gal) (2.4 & Diesels)
80 L (17.6 Imp. gallons)
(21.0 U.S. gal) (others) [ Volvo 2003 S80 Specification] ]
related = Ford Five Hundred
Ford Freestyle
Mercury Montego
Volvo S60
Volvo V70
Volvo XC90

The first generation S80 is based on the Volvo P2 platform. More than 368,000 first generation S80s were built before the introduction of the new model. [ [ Volvo Owners Club UK S80 production data] ]

This S80 sedan being Volvo's flagship model was heavily equipped with numerous safety systems to ensure all occupants safety, including SIPS and WHIPS. [ Volvo Owners Club UK Summary of S80 Launch Press Release] ]

The S80 also boasts three firsts for passenger cars. The first was the use of a built-in, fully integrated GSM phone, complete with both a hands free function and a lift-up hand-set.The second was the fitment of the straight six engine in a transverse mounting. Volvo claims to be the first manufacturer to succeed in mass producing this configuration "in modern time" [ Volvo Launch Press Release] ] , although British Leyland produced passenger cars using the E6 engine from 1970 to 1981 in cars such as the Austin Princess. [ Austin E series engines] ] No existing manual gearbox would fit in the engine bay with the six cylinder engine, so Volvo had to develop their own, claimed to be the world's smallest manual gearbox, the M65. The previous record holder was also a Volvo gearbox, the M56 developed to fit the wide 5 cylinder transverse engine first used in the 850 series cars. [ [ Volvo Owners Club UK M65 Gearbox Press Release] ] Thirdly, the S80 was the world's first car with an environmental specification, covering aspects such as those directly relating to the car such as allergens from textiles and fuel economy and the life cycle of the car from production to dismantling. [ [ Volvo Owners Club UK S80 Environment Press Release] ]

For Volvo, the S80 was a major step forward into the age of modern car design, particularly with the use of multiplex wiring. [ [ Volvo Early S80 Press Release] ]

The S80 was initially available with four different engines. Starting the range was a detuned 2.4-litre 140 hp 5-cylinder. This was also available as a CNG and as an LPG version. The fully tuned version produced 170 PS (125 kW). Next up was a 2.9 L 196 PS (144 kw) 6-cylinder, then 272 PS (200 kW) T6 and finally, the 140 PS (102 kW) 2.5 L TDI (diesel). The 2.9 has a Straight-6 engine while the T6 was powered by a destroked twin-turbocharged version. [ Volvo S80 ] ] In 2000 there was the addition of the 200 hp (149 kw) 2.5T, available with standard all-wheel drive. The 2.5T model featured a light-pressure turbocharger.Late 2001 introduced the 163 PS (120 kW) 5 cylinder common rail diesel D5, detuned to 130 PS (96 kW) and sold as 2.4D in some markets. [ [ Volvo S80 1999 Specifications] ] [ Volvo 2003 S80 Specification] ]


econd generation

Infobox Automobile generation
name = Second generation

production = 2006–present
platform = Volvo P24 platform
engine = 2.0L (4cyl), 2.0L (Flexifuel, 4-cyl), 2.5 L I5 LPT
3.0/3.2 L I6
4.4 L Yamaha V8
2.4 L I5 turbodiesel
designer = Sylvia Gullsdorf
wheelbase = 2835 mm (111.6 in)
length = 4849 mm (190.9 in)
width = 1861 mm (73.2 in)
height = 1490 mm (58.6 in)
transmission = 6-speed automatic
6-speed manual
fuel_capacity = 70 L (15.4 Imp. gallons)
(18.4 U.S. gal)
related = Volvo V70
Land Rover Freelander
Ford Mondeo
On January 31, 2006, Volvo unveiled the first pictures of the second generation S80. Generally all features of the car were upgraded substantially. The new S80 will feature a new 3.2 L straight-6 or 4.4 L V8 engine in combination with available four-wheel drive. The second-generation S80 is the first Volvo sedan model to become available with Volvo's compact, transversely fitted V8 with a power output of 316 PS (232 kw) and 440 N•m of torque developed jointly by Volvo Cars engine unit Skövde and Yamaha but built by Yamaha of Japan . With four catalytic converters and advanced electronics, this engine, which was first introduced in the Volvo XC90, is one of the cleanest V8s on the market. The exterior is similar to that of the first generation but is greatly improved with more high strength boron steel in the body for safety. The interior is seen as one of the most comfortable in the automotive industry. This second generation S80 is no exception to Volvo's on going improvements and inventions of safety. The second generation S80 has been given the IIHS 2007 Top Safety Pick Award in overall safety protection. Also again in November the IIHS awarded the 2008 Volvo S80 with Top Safety Award. This S80 performed outstanding above its German and Japanese rivals. Scores were perfect for frontal, side, and rear impacts.The car was unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show on February 28, and sales began on June 2006. The new S80 is based on the Ford EUCD platform (called P24 by Volvo), also used for vehicles including Ford's S-MAX, Mondeo and Galaxy large MPVs. [cite web|url=|title=Building Blocks: Ford learns a lesson from Lego|author=Wim Oude Weernink and Bradford Wernle|work=AutoWeek|accessmonthday=March 30 |accessyear=2006] Some of these other Ford vehicles ride on this platform, and although some parts are shared the vehicles are majority different from each other as they compete in different auto segments. Volvo vehicles on this platform tend to use more high tech parts and more expensive underpinnings.

Volvo's Personal Car Communicator (PCC) remote control will also be an optional feature with the new S80. This feature is fairly new to the automotive industry. Before a driver gets to their car, they are able to review the security level and know whether they have set the alarm and if the car is locked. Additionally, there is a heartbeat sensor that warns if someone is hiding inside the car.

The all new S80 is the first Volvo model to feature Adaptive cruise control (ACC) with Collision Warning and Brake Support (CWBS). Adaptive cruise control helps ensure comfort and relaxed driving by letting the driver select the desired speed and the minimum time gap to the vehicle in front of them. When a radar sensor detects a slower vehicle in front of them, Adaptive Cruise Control adapts to that vehicle by applying the brakes as necessary. As the Collision Warning System senses an impending collision, it alerts with a flashing light on the windshield and an audible alarm. Meanwhile Brake Support offers additional assistance by preparing the braking system so that the car can begin stopping faster and avoid a potentially dangerous situation before it happens. Volvo S80 is also available with a new safety innovation called Blind Spot Information System (BLIS, first seen in Volvo S40) which senses when a person enters the drivers blind spot and Active Bi-Xenon Lights (ABL) to illuminate around curves in the dark. Volvo is known for making historic strides in the production of intuitive new safety systems. BLIS system has been recently introduced at Mercedes-Benz higher specifications cars,nearly two years after Volvo. [ [ Tech Watch: Mercedes-Benz Ups the Safety Ante With New Blind-Spot Assist ] ] The second generation Volvo S80 is much more luxurious than the previous generation, and it flaunts its "Scandinavian Luxury" design language. The second generation S80 has already won awards in best mid size luxury sedan interior. [ [ Volvo S80 (06-) 3.2 SE Sport 4dr Saloon - ] ]



External links

* [ Volvo S80] - Official International Volvo S80 Site
* [ Nilsson Special Vehicles] - Special vehicles such as limousines based on the Volvo S80 chassis.
* [ Volvo S80 Brochure]
* [ New S80 Intro Site] - New 2007 Volvo S80 Introduction Site (Flash)

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