- First Secretary of the Communist Party of Tajikistan
The First Secretary of the Communist Party of Tajikistan was the head of the
Communist Party of Tajikistanand the highest Executive powerin the republic of Tajikistanfrom 1924 until November 1990.
Shortly after the
Soviet Unionwas formed in 1922 a position of First Secretary of the Communist Party was created in each Soviet Republic. The Tajik Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republicwas created in 1924 as a subunit of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republicand the first Acting Secretary of the Communist Party of Tajikistan was appointed that year. In 1929 Tajikistan received full republic status separate from Uzbekistan and in 1930 the position of "First Secretary of the Communist Party of Tajikistan" was created. The position changed hands numerous times during the 1920s and 1930s due to Stalin’s fear of keeping leaders in power for long periods of time. A number of the former leaders of the Communist Party of Tajikistan perished in the Great Purgeof the 1930s. The leaders of Tajikistan were usually ethnic Tajiks with the exceptions of Mirzo Dovud Guseinov, Dmitry Protopopovand Grigory Broydo: the first one was an ethnic Azerbaijani while the last two were ethnic Russians who were appointed during the height of Stalin’s paranoia. While the symbolic value of a Tajik First Secretary was apparent, the leadership of Tajikistan was wholly subservient to Moscowand the second in power of the Communist Party of Tajikistan was always an ethnic Russian. After World War IIevery appointed First Secretary was a Tajik from the region of Leninabad, now named Sughd. This was a reflection of the fact that the leadership of Uzbekistanhighly influenced the appointment of leaders in Tajikistan and chose leaders from Leninabad because of its historic ties to Uzbekistan's urban centers in the Fergana Valley. There have even been accusations that some of the Leninabadi leaders of Tajikistan were actually Uzbek because their dialect of Tajik had a number of loan words from Uzbek.
Anaita Khudonazar|publisher= University of California, Berkeley|year=2004
format=PDF] The Leninabai monopoly on power was a key factor in igniting the civil unrest that followed Tajikistan's independence in 1991 and led to the
Tajikistan Civil War.
The longest serving First Secretary was
Jabor Rasulov, who came to power in 1961 and died in office in 1982. Rasulov’s successor was Rahmon Nabiyev, who was ousted in a corruption scandalin 1985. The position First Secreatry was downgraded in November 1991 when then First Secretary Qahhor Mahkamovwas appointed to the newly created executive position of President of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic. Mahkamov was the last First Secretary of the Communist Party of Tajikistan to also serve as head of stateof Tajikistan when he resigned his office on August 31 1991following his support of the August Coupin Moscow. One of the most celebrated First Secretaries was Bobojon Ghafurov, a renowned scholar who wrote numerous works on the history of Tajikistan.
List of Secretaries
Chinor Emomov(1924-1927); Acting secretary.
Mumin Khojaev(1927-1928); Acting secretary.
Ali Shervoni(1928-1929); Acting secretary.
Shirinsho Shotemur(1929-1930); Acting secretary.
Mirzo Dovud Guseinov(1930-1933); First secretary.
Grigory Broydo(1933-1934); First secretary.
Suren Shadunz(1934-1936); First secretary.
Urunboi Ushturov(1936-1937); First secretary.
Dmitry Protopopov(1937-1946); First secretary.
Bobojon Ghafurov(1946-1956); First secretary.
Tursun Uljabaev(1956-1961); First secretary.
Jabor Rasulov(1961-1982); First secretary.
Rahmon Nabiyev(1982-1985); First secretary. President of Tajikistan(1991-1992).
Qahhor Mahkamov( 1985- August 31 1991); First secretary. President of Tajik SSR (November 1990- August 31 1991).
Neimatullo Safarov, Victor Novikov|publisher= UNEP/GRID|year=2000
title=Leaders of Tajikistan in XX-th century (1924 – 2000)
Historic leaders of Tajikistan
List of Presidents of Tajikistanfor leadership of Tajikistan from 1991-present.
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