Committee for State Security

Committee for State Security

The Committee for State Security (Bulgarian: Комитет за държавна сигурност, Komitet za darzhavna sigurnost; abbreviated КДС, CSS), popularly known as State Security (Държавна сигурност, Darzhavna sigurnost; abbrievated ДС) was the name of the Bulgarian secret service during the Communist rule of Bulgaria and the Cold War (until 1989).



  • 1st Head Directorate – foreign intelligence. Succeeded by the National Intelligence Service in 1990.
  • 2nd Head Directorate – counter-intelligence. Succeeded by the National Security Service.
  • 3rd Directorate – military counter-intelligence
  • 4th Directorate – surveillence
  • 5th Directorate – government security and protection. Succeeded by the National Protection Service.
  • 6th Directorate – political police. Succeeded by the Head Service for Combating Organized Crime. It had the following departments:
    • 1st Department – worked among the intelligentsia and controlling the unions of artists
    • 2nd Department – worked in the universities and among the students
    • 3rd Department – responsible for the clergy, the Jews, Armenians and Russian White emigrants
    • 4th Department – specialized in pro-Turkish and pro-Macedonian nationalism
    • 5th Department – worked among the political rivals, such as the agrarians and social democrats
    • 6th Department – observed pro-Maoist and anti-party activity
    • 7th Department – information analysis and anonymous activity
  • 7th Directorate – information work


In 1964 the State Security formed a unit Service 7, led by colonel Petko Kovachev, dedicated to murder, kidnaping and disinformation against Bulgarian dissidents living abroad. The unit executed actions against dissidents in Italy, Britain, Denmark, West Germany, Turkey, France, Ethiopia, Sweden and Switzerland. Documents describing its activities were declassified only in 2010.[1]

State Security played an active part in the so-called "Revival Process" to Bulgarianize the Bulgarian Turks in the 1980s, as well as writer and dissident Georgi Markov's murder in London in 1978 known for the "Bulgarian umbrella" that was used.

An issue often raised by the international community is State Security's alleged control of the weapons, drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, gold, silver and antiques traffic through Bulgaria before 1989.[2] Because of this, it is popularly thought that the organized crime in the country in the 1990s was set up by former State Security agents.[3]

The agency is often incriminated with the ill-famed murder of dissident writer Georgi Markov using a "Bulgarian umbrella" on London's Waterloo Bridge and was formerly accused of the 1981 attempt on Pope John Paul II's life. The latter allegation has always been sharply criticised and denied by Bulgaria, and the country was officially cleared of any involvement by the Pontiff himself during a 2002 visit.


The secret files of the DS have been a source of great controversy in the country. After the communist regime in the country collapsed, newly established democratic forces accused the former communist elite of secretly removing DS files that could compromise its members. In 2002, former Interior Minister Gen. Atanas Semerdzhiev was found guilty of razing 144,235 files from the Durzhavna Sigurnost archives. Others have accused the DS of infiltrating the young opposition.

See also


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Committee for State Security — noun formerly the predominant security police organization of Soviet Russia • Syn: ↑KGB, ↑Soviet KGB • Hypernyms: ↑Russian agency …   Useful english dictionary

  • Ministry for State Security — or Ministry of State Security may refer to several state security ministries: Ministry of State Security of the People s Republic of China Ministry for State Security (USSR) Ministry for State Security (East Germany) Ministry for State Security… …   Wikipedia

  • Ministry for State Security (Soviet Union) — The Ministry of State Security (MGB) (Russian: Министерство государственной безопасности, Ministerstvo Gosudarstvennoi Bezopasnosti) was the name of Soviet secret police from 1946 to 1953. Contents 1 Origins of the MGB 2 Functions of the MGB 3… …   Wikipedia

  • People's Commissariat for State Security — The People s Commissariat for State Security (Russian: Народный комиссариат государственной безопасности) or NKGB, was the name of the Soviet secret police, intelligence and counter intelligence force that existed from February 3, 1941 to July 20 …   Wikipedia

  • State Security — can refer to: * general concepts of security agency or national security * Committee for State Security (Bulgaria) * State Security (Czechoslovakia) * State Security (Honorverse) …   Wikipedia

  • State Security (Honorverse) — The Office of State Security, referred to as StateSec or simply SS, was a fictional executive governmental agency in David Weber s Honor Harrington series of military science fiction novels.State Security was the all encompassing security and… …   Wikipedia

  • Committee for the Promotion of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice (Saudi Arabia) — Saudi Arabia This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Saudi Arabia …   Wikipedia

  • Committee for the Liberation of Iraq — The Committee for the Liberation of Iraq (CLI) was described as a non governmental organization which described itself as a distinguished group of Americans who wanted to free Iraq from Saddam Hussein . In a news release announcing its formation …   Wikipedia

  • Committee for the Prevention of Torture — The European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment or shortly Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT) is the anti torture committee of the Council of Europe. It has been described as a… …   Wikipedia

  • Department of State Security — The Department of State Security (Serbian: Uprava državne bezbednosti, Croatian: Uprava državne sigurnosti, Cyrillic: Управа државне безбедности, УДБА; Macedonian: Управа за државна безбедност, УДБА; Slovene: Uprava državne varnosti) was the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”