Águas de São Pedro

Águas de São Pedro

Infobox City
official_name = Águas de São Pedro

imagesize = 250px
image_caption =
motto = _la. Omnibus Pax Et Sanitas (Latin for "Peace and Health for Everyone")


mapsize = 250px
map_caption =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_type2 = State
subdivision_name = Brazil
subdivision_name1 = Southeast
subdivision_name2 = São Paulo
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Marcelo da Silva Bueno (PTB)
area_note =
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 3.640
population_as_of = 2005 | population_metro =
area_metro_km2 =
population_total = 2000
population_density_km2 = 549.5
timezone = UTC-3
utc_offset = -3
timezone_DST = UTC-2
utc_offset_DST = -2
latitude = 22º35'56" S
longitude = 47º52'33" O
elevation_m = 470
elevation_ft =
website = [http://www.aguasdesaopedro.sp.gov.br Águas de São Pedro]
footnotes =

Águas de São Pedro is a Brazilian city of the state of São Paulo. It is the second smallest Brazilian city in territorial extension, with only 3.640 km².


Águas de São Pedro emerged when Octávio de Moura Andrade discovered the medicinal properties from the mineral water mines of the city around 1920, when the State Governor started researches in the area for oil prospection. The researches failed in the attempt to find oil and the rigs were abandoned, but still gushing out mineral water. Later other attempts had been made to find oil in great depths, and again no oil was found. One oil rig structure still remains nowadays and it's called "Engineer Ângelo Balloni Oil Tower".

Years later, in 1934, an Italian immigrant and owner of the perforated lands, Ângelo Franzin, built a small bath house (currently known as "Youth Fountain") where he bathed himself. The water had a characteristic smell of sulphur. One year later a group of people of the roundnesses bought a lot of 100,000 m² around the bath house and built a health resort. It was twelve masonry bathtubs, in contrast with the first bath house, that was wooden.In the same year, Octávio de Moura Andrade decided to build the spa, giving the name of "Caldas de São Pedro" to it and creating with his brother, Antonio Joaquim de Moura Andrade, the company "Águas Sulfídricas e Termais de São Pedro S.A." ("Saint Peter Thermal and Sulphydric Waters S.A." in english).

In four years the Technological Researches Institute of the USP made analysis with the waters. The waters were considered good to bath and its medicinal properties had been confirmed.

Recognizing the importance of the thermal waters, the São Paulo State Government founded in June 19, 1940 the Estância Hidromineral e Climática de Águas de São Pedro (Hydromineral and Climatic Spa of Águas de São Pedro English).

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