- Alfredo Catalani
and features Catalani's most famous aria "Ebben? Ne andrò lontana". His other operas were less successful, partly hampered by inferior libretti.
Catalani was born in
Luccaand trained at the Conservatory of Milan under Antonio Bazzini(1818–1897), who became the Conservatory's director and instructor to Puccini.
Despite the growing influence of the "
verismo" style of opera during the 1880s Catalani chose to compose in a more traditional manner, and as a result his operas have largely lost their place in the modern repertoire, even compared to those of Massenet and Puccini, whose style his works most closely resemble.
The influence of
Amilcare Ponchiellican also be recognised, and like Ponchielli, Catalani's reputation now rests almost entirely on one work: "La Wally" continues to enjoy occasional revivals in much the same way as Ponchielli's " La Gioconda".
In 1893, upon his premature death from
tuberculosisin Milan, Catalani was interred in the Cimitero Monumentale, where Ponchielli and conductor Arturo Toscaninialso lie. Toscanini was a strong advocate of Catalani's music and named his daughter Wally in recognition of the composer's most successful opera.
*"La falce" ("The Sickle"), Milan,
19 July 1875
31 January 1880(radically revised as "Loreley")
17 March 1883
27 February 1886
16 February 1890
La Wally", Milan, 20 January 1892
*"Sinfonia a piena orchestra" ("Symphony for Full Orchestra"), 1872
*"Il Mattino, sinfonia romantica" ("Morning," Romantic symphony), 1874
*"Ero e Leandro, poema sinfonico" ("Hera and Leander," Symphonic tone poem), Milan,
9 May 1885
* [http://www.karadar.com/Operas/catalani.html Alfredo Catalani]
* [http://www.operaitaliana.com/autori/biografia.asp?ID=9 Opera Italiana] Detailed biography.
*(Alfred Catalani), 1992. "The Politics of Opera in Turn-Of-The-Century Italy: As Seen Through the Letters of Alfredo Catalani", Richard M. Berrong, translator. (Studies in the History and Interpretation of Music)
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