Westminster (UK Parliament constituency)

Westminster (UK Parliament constituency)

UK former constituency infobox
Name = Westminster
Type = Borough
Year = 1545
Abolition = 1918
members = two to 1885, then one

Westminster was a former parliamentary constituency in the Parliament of England to 1707, the Parliament of Great Britain 1707-1800 and the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801. It returned two members to 1885 and one thereafter.

The constituency was first known to have been represented in Parliament in 1545 and continued to exist until the redistribution of seats in 1918. The constituency's most famous former representatives are Charles James Fox and John Stuart Mill.

Boundaries and Boundary Changes

The City of Westminster is a district of Inner London. Its southern boundary is on the north bank of the River Thames. It is located to the west of the City of London, to the south of Holborn and St. Pancras and to the east of Kensington and Chelsea.

Before 1545 the area which became this borough constituency was represented as part of the county constituency of Middlesex. Until 1885 the constituency had two representatives.

In the 1885 redistribution of seats the Westminster area (within the expanded boundaries of what became the Metropolitan Borough of Westminster which was created in 1900) was divided into three single-member seats. The south-eastern part, including the traditional heart of "Westminster" and such important centres of power as the Houses of Parliament and the seat of government in Whitehall, continued to be a constituency called "Westminster". The official definition of the areas included was "the Westminster district and Close of the Collegiate Church of St. Peter". In the north-east was the constituency of Strand and to the west that of St George, Hanover Square.

In the 1918 redistribution the Metropolitan Borough was divided into two single member constituencies, Westminster St George's in the west and Westminster Abbey in the east. The Abbey division incorporated the area of the 1885-1918 "Westminster" constituency.

History

This was a prestigious constituency, because it represented the centre of British government and had such a large electorate that it was independent of the control of a patron.

Before the Reform Act 1832 the right to vote was held by the male inhabitants paying Scot and Lot (a kind of local property tax). This was an extensive franchise, by the standards of that era. "Westminster" had the largest electorate of any borough in the Kingdom. Only the largest county constituency of Yorkshire had more voters. Sedgwick estimated the electorate at about 8,000 in the first half of the eighteenth century. Namier and Brooke estimated that there were about 12,000 voters later in the century. The large size of the electorate made contested elections immensely expensive.

In the sixteenth century the Church officials associated with Westminster Abbey had a large influence in the area, but as the community became bigger that became less important. The Court (or His Majesty's Treasury) had some legitimate influence (by the standards of the age), because of the royal residences and government offices in the borough. The use of public funds to bribe the electorate was not unknown, during close elections (see the comments about the cost of the 1780 and 1784 contests below). Local landowners who were prepared to stir up ill-will by threatening to evict or raise the rents of tenants voting the wrong way, could also affect the result.

Unlawful means were sometimes used to make sure that the right candidates were elected. In 1722 the election of two Tories was declared void because of rioting which prevented some Whigs voting. In 1741 a Whig returning officer called upon the assistance of some troops to close the poll before the Tory candidates could catch up to the Whig votes.

The House of Commons declared the 1741 election void with the ringing resolution that "the presence of a regular body of armed soldiers at an election of members to sit in Parliament, is a high infringement of the liberties of the subject, a manifest violation of the freedom of election and an open defiance of the laws and constitution of this kingdom".

By the eighteenth century it was normal for the members to be Irish peers, the sons of peers or baronets, as it was thought appropriate for them to be of high social standing so as to be worthy to represent the seat.

The Treasury spent the enormous sums of more than £8,000 in 1780 and £9,000 in 1784, in unsuccessful attempts to defeat the opposition Whig leader Charles James Fox. So expensive were these contests that for the next general election in 1790, the government and opposition leaders reached a formal agreement for each to have one member returned unopposed. However in the event a second Whig candidate did appear, but the Tory (the famous Admiral Lord Hood) and Fox were re-elected without too much difficulty.

The last MP for this constituency, William Burdett-Coutts, was connected with a family prominent in City of Westminster politics since the eighteenth century. He himself was born in the United States in 1851, his grandparents on both sides having been British subjects. After he married Baroness Burdett-Coutts in 1881 he changed his surname from Bartlett to Burdett-Coutts. He represented the area from 1885 until 1918 and continued to sit for the Abbey division until his death in 1921.

Lists of Members of Parliament

"Preliminary note: The English civil year started on 25 March until 1752 (Scotland having changed to 1 January in 1600). The years used in this article have been converted to the new style where necessary. It should be noted that old style dates would be a year earlier than the new style for days between 1 January and 24 March. No attempt has been made to compensate for the eleven days which did not occur in September 1752 in both England and Scotland as well as other British controlled territories (when the day after 2 September was 14 September), so as to bring the British Empire fully in line with the Gregorian calendar.

Members of Parliament 1545-1660

"Some of the members elected during this period have been identified. The year first given is for the initial meeting of the Parliament, with the month added where there was more than one Parliament in the year. If a second year is given this is a date of dissolution. Early Parliaments sometimes only existed for a few days or weeks, so dissolutions in the same year as the first meeting are not recorded in this list If a specific date of election is known this is recorded in italic brackets. The roman numerals in brackets, following some names, are those used to distinguish different politicians of the same name in 'The House of Commons' 1509-1558 and 1558-1603."

* 1545-1547: Robert Smallwood; John Russell (II)
* 1547-1552: (Sir) George Blagge; John Rede (I) "Change: By 23 January 1552: Robert Nowell vice Blagge deceased"
* 1553 (March): (Sir) Robert Southwell; Arthur Stourton
* 1553 (October): Robert Southwell; William Gyes
* 1554 (April): William Gyes; Richard Hodges
* 1554 (November)-1555: William Jennings; William Gyes
* 1555: Arthur Stourton; Richard Hodges
* 1558: Nicholas Newdigate; John Best (II)
* 1559 "(elected 7 January 1559)": Richard Hodges; John Best (II)
* 1563-1567 "(elected 1562/3)": Robert Nowell; William Bowyer (II)
* 1571: Sir William Cordell; William Staunton
* 1572-1583: Thomas Wilbraham; John Dodington "Change: 1576: John Osborne vice Wilbraham deceased"
* 1584-1585: Hon. Robert Cecil, Thomas Knyvett (I)
* 1586-1587: Hon. Robert Cecil, Thomas Knyvett (I)
* 1589 "(elected 20 December 1588)": Thomas Knyvett (I), Peter Osborne
* 1593: Richard Cecil, Thomas Cole
* 1597-1598 "(elected 27 September 1597)": Thomas Knyvett (I), Thomas Cole "Change: January 1598: Anthony Mildmay vice Cole deceased"
* 1601 "(elected 26 September 1601)": Thomas Knyvett (I), William Cooke (II)
*1604-1611: ?
*1614: ?
*1621-1622: ?
*1624-1625: ?
*1625: ?
*1626: ?
*1628-1629: ?
*1640 (April): ?
*1640 (November)-1648: John Glynne, William Bell "Glynne excluded 1647, readmitted 1648. Both excluded in Pride's Purge, December 1648"

"Westminster unrepresented in the Rump and Barebones Parliament"
*1654-1655: ?
*1656-1658: Edward Cary, Colonel Grosvenor
*1659: Colonel Grosvenor, ?

Members of Parliament 1660-1918

"Key to parties: C Conservative from 1832, L Liberal from 1832, NP Non Partisan candidate (no party or no party identified), T Tory to 1832, W Whig to 1832."

*"Constituency abolished" (1918)

Elections

General Notes

"In multi-member elections the bloc voting system was used. Voters could cast a vote for one or two candidates, as they chose. The leading candidates with the largest number of votes were elected."

"In by-elections and all elections after 1885, to fill a single seat, the first past the post system applied."

"After 1832, when registration of voters was introduced, a turnout figure is given for contested elections. In two-member elections, when the exact number of participating voters is unknown, this is calculated by dividing the number of votes by two. To the extent that electors did not use both their votes this will be an underestimate of turnout."

"Where a party had more than one candidate in one or both of a pair of successive elections change is calculated for each individual candidate, otherwise change is based on the party vote. Change figures at by-elections are from the preceding general election or the last intervening by-election. Change figures at general elections are from the last general election."

"Candidates for whom no party has been identified are classified as Non Partisan. The candidate might have been associated with a party or faction in Parliament or consider himself to belong to a particular political tradition. Political parties before the nineteenth century were not as cohesive or organised as they later became. Contemporary commentators (even the reputed leaders of parties or factions) in the eighteenth century did not necessarily agree who the party supporters were. The traditional parties, which had arisen in the late seventeenth century, became increasingly irrelevant to politics in the eighteenth century (particularly after 1760), although for some contests in some constituencies party labels were still used. It was only towards the end of the century that party labels began to acquire some meaning again, although this process was by no means complete for several more generations."

"Sources: The results for elections before 1790 were taken from the History of Parliament Trust publications on the House of Commons. The results from 1790 until the UK general election, 1832 are based on Stooks Smith and from 1832 onwards on Craig. Where Stooks Smith gives additional information to the other sources this is indicated in a note."

Dates of Westminster general and by-elections 1660-1918

Notes:
*(1) Election declared void
*(2) Date of expulsion from the House of Lord Cochrane

Election Results (Parliament of England) 1660-1690

Election box begin
title=General Election 2 April 1660: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Gilbert Gerard
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Thomas Clarges
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election c. April 1661: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir Philip Warwick
votes = Elected
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir Richard Everard
votes = Elected
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir Thomas Clarges
votes = Defeated
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Thomas Elliot
votes = Defeated
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1661): Vote totals unavailable"

Election box begin
title=General Election 27 February 1679: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir Stephen Fox
votes = Elected
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir William Pulteney
votes = Elected
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir Philip Matthews
votes = Defeated
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir William Waller
votes = Defeated
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Note (February 1679): Vote totals unavailable"

Election box begin
title=General Election 19 September 1679: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir William Pulteney
votes = Elected
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Francis Wythens
votes = Elected
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir William Waller
votes = Defeated
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir John Cutler
votes = Defeated
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir Philip Matthews
votes = Defeated
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Note (September 1679): Vote totals unavailable"
* "On petition Wythens was unseated and Sir William Waller seated on 15 November 1680"

Election box begin
title=General Election 10 February 1681: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir William Pulteney
votes = Elected
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir William Waller
votes = Elected
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Richard Tufton
votes = Defeated
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1681): Vote totals unavailable"

Election box begin
title=General Election 23 March 1685: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Charles Bonython
votes = Elected
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Michael Arnold
votes = Elected
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Sir Gilbert Gerard, Bt
votes = Defeated
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Sir William Dolbern
votes = Defeated
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1685): Vote totals unavailable. The candidate in this election is not the Gilbert Gerard elected in 1660, nor is he the Sir Gilbert Gerard, Bt who was knight of the shire for Middlesex earlier in the century."

Election box begin
title=General Election 21 January 1689: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Sir William Pulteney
votes = Elected
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Hon. Philip Howard
votes = Elected
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Sir Roger Langley
votes = Defeated
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Charles Bonython
votes = Defeated
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Radical Party (UK)
candidate = Sir Philip Matthews
votes = Defeated
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Sir Walter Clarges, Bt
votes = Defeated
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Radical Party (UK)
candidate = James Dewey
votes = Defeated
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1689): Vote totals unavailable. Matthews and Dewey are described by Henning as radical candidates, but should not be confused with the followers of John Wilkes in the late eighteenth century or the radicals of the nineteenth century."

Election Results (Parliament of Great Britain) 1715-1800

Election box begin
title=General Election 24 January 1715: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Hon. Edward Wortley-Montagu
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Sir Thomas Crosse, Bt
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 27 March 1722: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Archibald Hutcheson
votes = 4,024
percentage = 32.74
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = John Cotton
votes = 3,853
percentage = 31.35
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = William Lowndes
votes = 2,215
percentage = 18.02
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Sir Thomas Crosse, Bt
votes = 2,197
percentage = 17.88
change = "N/A"

* "1st Baron Molesworth (W) was proposed but withdrew before the poll."
* "Election declared void 6 November 1722."

Election box begin
title=By-Election 3 December 1722: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Charles Montagu
votes = 4,835
percentage = 30.87
change = +30.87
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = 1st Baron Carpenter
votes = 4,515
percentage = 28.83
change = +28.83
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = John Cotton
votes = 3,485
percentage = 22.25
change = -9.10
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Sir Thomas Clarges
votes = 2,827
percentage = 18.05
change = +18.05

Election box begin
title=General Election 15 August 1727: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Lord Charles Cavendish
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = William Clayton
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 22 April 1734: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Sir Charles Wager
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = William Clayton
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Clayton created an Irish peer as 1st Baron Sundon 2 June 1735"

Election box begin
title=General Election 8 May 1741: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Sir Charles Wager
votes = 3,686
percentage = 26.96
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = 1st Baron Sundon
votes = 3,533
percentage = 25.84
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Edward Vernon
votes = 3,290
percentage = 24.07
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Charles Edwin
votes = 3,161
percentage = 23.12
change = "N/A"

* "Election declared void 22 December 1741."

Election box begin
title=By-Election 31 December 1741: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Viscount Perceval
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Charles Edwin
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1 July 1747: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Viscount Trentham
votes = 2,873
percentage = 42.32
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Sir Peter Warren
votes = 2,858
percentage = 42.10
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Sir Thomas Clarges
votes = 544
percentage = 8.01
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Sir Thomas Dyke
votes = 514
percentage = 7.57
change = "N/A"

* "Trentham appointed a Lord of the Admiralty"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 15 May 1750: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Viscount Trentham
votes = 4,811
percentage = 50.83
change = +8.51
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Sir George Vandeput
votes = 4,654
percentage = 49.17
change = +49.17
Election box majority
votes = 157
percentage = 1.66
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = British Whig Party
swing = "N/A"

* "After a scrutiny the member returned was unchanged and vote totals were amended to Trentham 4,103; Vandeput 3,933."
* "Death of Warren 29 July 1752"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 16 January 1753: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Hon. Edward Cornwallis
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = British Whig Party
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 20 April 1754: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Hon. Edward Cornwallis
votes = 3,385
percentage = 48.09
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir John Crosse, Bt
votes = 3,184
percentage = 45.23
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = James Edward Oglethorpe
votes = 261
percentage = 3.71
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Earl of Middlesex
votes = 209
percentage = 2.97
change = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 25 March 1761: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Hon. Edward Cornwallis
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Viscount Pulteney
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Cornwallis appointed Governor of Gibraltar"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 27 April 1762: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Hon. Edwin Sandys
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Non Partisan
swing = "N/A"

* "Death of Pulteney 11 February 1763"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 15 March 1763: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Baron Warkworth
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Non Partisan
swing = "N/A"

* "Lord Warkworth became known by the courtesy title of Earl Percy from 1766, when his father was advanced in the peerage from Earl to Duke of Northumberland"

Election box begin
title=General Election 16 March 1768: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Hon. Edwin Sandys
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Earl Percy
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Succession of Sandys as 2nd Baron Sandys 21 April 1770"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 30 April 1770: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir Robert Bernard, Bt
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Non Partisan
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 26 October 1774: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Earl Percy
votes = 4,994
percentage = 33.81
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Lord Thomas Pelham-Clinton
votes = 4,774
percentage = 32.32
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = 2nd Viscount Mountmorres
votes = 2,531
percentage = 17.13
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Viscount Mahon
votes = 2,342
percentage = 15.86
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Humphrey Cotes
votes = 130
percentage = 0.88
change = "N/A"

* "Succession of Percy to his mother's title, as 3rd Baron Percy on 5 December 1776"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 17 December 1776: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Viscount Petersham
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Non Partisan
swing = "N/A"

* "Succession of Petersham as 3rd Earl of Harrington 1 April 1779"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 20 April 1779: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Viscount Malden
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Non Partisan
swing = "N/A"

* "Pelham-Clinton was known by the courtesy title of Earl of Lincoln, following the death of his brother in 1779"

Election box begin
title=General Election 10 October 1780: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Sir George Brydges Rodney, Bt
votes = 4,994
percentage = 35.60
change = +35.60
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Hon. Charles James Fox
votes = 4,878
percentage = 34.77
change = +34.77
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Earl of Lincoln
votes = 4,157
percentage = 29.63
change = -2.69

* "Note: (1780): Poll 21 days; 9,136 voted; party labels. (Source: Stooks Smith)
* "Appointment of Fox as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs 27 March 1782"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 3 April 1782: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Rt Hon. Charles James Fox
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = British Whig Party
swing = "N/A"

* "Creation of Rodney as 1st Baron Rodney 19 June 1782"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 12 June 1782: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Sir Cecil Wray, Bt
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = British Whig Party
swing = "N/A"

* "Appointment of Fox as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs 2 April 1783"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 7 April 1783: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Rt Hon. Charles James Fox
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = British Whig Party
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 17 May 1784: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = 1st Baron Hood
votes = 6,588
percentage = 35.40
change = +35.40
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Rt Hon. Charles James Fox
votes = 6,126
percentage = 32.92
change = -1.85
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Sir Cecil Wray, Bt
votes = 5,895
percentage = 31.68
change = +31.68

* "Note (1784): Poll 40 days; 12,301 voted. After a scrutiny the members returned were unchanged and vote totals were amended to the figures as above. Original votes Hood 6,694; Fox 6,234; Wray 5,998. (Source: Stooks Smith)"
* "Hood and Fox were declared elected 4 March 1785"
* "Appointment of Hood as a Commissioner of the Admiralty 16 July 1788"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 4 August 1788: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Lord John Townshend
votes = 6,392
percentage = 53.44
change = +53.44
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = 1st Baron Hood
votes = 5,569
percentage = 46.56
change = +11.16
Election box majority
votes = 823
percentage = 6.88
change = "N/A"
Election box gain with party link
winner = British Whig Party
loser = Tory Party
swing = "N/A"

* "Note (1788): Poll 15 days. (Source: Stooks Smith)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 2 July 1790: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Rt Hon. Charles James Fox
votes = 3,516
percentage = 41.80
change = +8.88
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = 1st Baron Hood
votes = 3,217
percentage = 38.24
change = +2.84
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = John Horne Tooke
votes = 1,679
percentage = 19.96
change = +19.96

* "Note (1790): Poll 15 days. Mr Tooke proposed himself. (Source: Stooks Smith)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 13 June 1796: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Rt Hon. Charles James Fox
votes = 5,160
percentage = 40.33
change = -1.47
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Sir Alan Gardner, Bt
votes = 4,814
percentage = 37.63
change = -0.61
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = John Horne Tooke
votes = 2,819
percentage = 22.04
change = +2.08

* "Expulsion of Fox from the Privy Council 9 May 1798"
* "Creation of Gardner as an Irish peer, 1st Baron Gardner 29 December 1800"

Election Results (Parliament of the United Kingdom)

Election box begin
title=General Election 15 July 1802: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Hon. Charles James Fox
votes = 2,671
percentage = 39.31
change = -1.02
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = 1st Baron Gardner
votes = 2,431
percentage = 35.78
change = -1.85
Election box candidate with party link
party = Radical Party (UK)
candidate = John Graham
votes = 1,693
percentage = 24.92
change = +24.92

* "Note (1802): Poll 9 days. (Source: Stooks Smith)"
* "Appointment of Fox as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs 7 February 1806"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 13 February 1806: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Rt Hon. Charles James Fox
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = British Whig Party
swing = "N/A"

* "Death of Fox 13 September 1806"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 7 October 1806: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Earl Percy
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = British Whig Party
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 19 November 1806: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Sir Samuel Hood
votes = 5,478
percentage = 37.22
change = +1.44
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Richard Brinsley Sheridan
votes = 4,758
percentage = 32.33
change = -6.98
Election box candidate with party link
party = Radical Party (UK)
candidate = James Paull
votes = 4,481
percentage = 30.45
change = +5.53

* "Note (1806): Poll 15 days; 10,277 voted. (Source: Stooks Smith)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 23 May 1807: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Sir Francis Burdett, Bt
votes = 5,134
percentage = 37.03
change = +37.03
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Lord Cochrane
votes = 3,708
percentage = 26.75
change = +26.75
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Richard Brinsley Sheridan
votes = 2,615
percentage = 18.86
change = -13.47
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = John Elliot
votes = 2,137
percentage = 15.42
change = -21.80
Election box candidate with party link
party = Radical Party (UK)
candidate = James Paull
votes = 269
percentage = 1.94
change = -28.51

* "Note (1807): Poll 15 days; 8,622 voted. (Source: Stooks Smith)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 8 October 1812: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Sir Francis Burdett, Bt
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Lord Cochrane
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Expulsion of Cochrane from the House of Commons, after being convicted of conspiracy, 5 July 1814"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 16 July 1814: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Lord Cochrane
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = British Whig Party
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 4 July 1818: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Sir Samuel Romilly
votes = 5,339
percentage = 34.32
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Sir Francis Burdett, Bt
votes = 5,238
percentage = 33.67
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Sir Murray Maxwell
votes = 4,808
percentage = 30.91
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Radical Party (UK)
candidate = Henry Hunt
votes = 84
percentage = 0.54
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Hon. Douglas James William Kinnaird
votes = 65
percentage = 0.42
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Radical Party (UK)
candidate = John Cartwright
votes = 23
percentage = 0.15
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1818): Poll 15 days; 10,277 voted. (Source: Stooks Smith)"
* "Death of Romilly 2 November 1818"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 3 March 1819: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Hon. George Lamb
votes = 4,465
percentage = 53.38
change = +22.47
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = John Cam Hobhouse
votes = 3,861
percentage = 46.16
change = +46.16
Election box candidate with party link
party = Radical Party (UK)
candidate = John Cartwright
votes = 38
percentage = 0.45
change = +0.30
Election box majority
votes = 604
percentage = 7.22
change = "N/A"
Election box gain with party link
winner = Tory Party
loser = British Whig Party
swing = "N/A"

* "Note (1819): Poll 15 days. (Source: Stooks Smith)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 25 March 1820: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Sir Francis Burdett, Bt
votes = 5,327
percentage = 36.37
change = +2.70
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = John Cam Hobhouse
votes = 4,882
percentage = 33.34
change = +33.34
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Hon. George Lamb
votes = 4,436
percentage = 30.29
change = -0.62

* "Note (1820): Poll 15 days; 9,280 voted. (Source: Stooks Smith)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1826: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Sir Francis Burdett, Bt
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = John Cam Hobhouse
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1830: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Sir Francis Burdett, Bt
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = John Cam Hobhouse
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1831: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Sir Francis Burdett, Bt
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = John Cam Hobhouse
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Appointment of Hobhouse as Secretary at War"

Election box begin
title=By-Election February 1832: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Rt Hon. Sir John Cam Hobhouse, Bt
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = British Whig Party
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1832: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Sir Francis Burdett, Bt
votes = 3,248
percentage = 43.09
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Rt Hon. Sir John Cam Hobhouse, Bt
votes = 3,214
percentage = 42.64
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = George de Lacy Evans
votes = 1,076
percentage = 14.27
change = "N/A"
Election box turnout
votes = 11,576
percentage = 38.47
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1832): 4,453 voted. Burdett and Hobhouse were classified as Whigs and Evans as a Radical. (Source: Stooks Smith)"
* "Appointment of Hobhouse as Chief Secretary for Ireland"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 4 April 1833: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Rt Hon. Sir John Cam Hobhouse, Bt
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Liberal Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

* "Note (1833 April): Hobhouse was classified as a Whig. (Source: Stooks Smith)"
* "Resignation of Hobhouse after he left the Ministry in opposition to the House and Window taxes."

Election box begin
title=By-Election 11 May 1833: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = George de Lacy Evans
votes = 2,027
percentage = 44.07
change = +29.80
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Rt Hon. Sir John Cam Hobhouse, Bt
votes = 1,835
percentage = 39.89
change = -2.75
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Bickham Escott
votes = 738
percentage = 16.04
change = +16.04
Election box majority
votes = 192
percentage = 4.17
change = "N/A"
Election box turnout
votes = 11,576
percentage = 39.74
change = +1.27
Election box hold with party link
winner = Liberal Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

* "Note (1833 May): Evans was classified as a Radical, Hobhouse as a Whig and Escott as a Tory. (Source: Stooks Smith)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1835: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Sir Francis Burdett, Bt
votes = 2,747
percentage = 40.03
change = -3.06
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = George de Lacy Evans
votes = 2,588
percentage = 37.71
change = +23.44
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Sir Thomas James Cochrane
votes = 1,528
percentage = 22.26
change = +22.26
Election box turnout
votes = 13,268
percentage = 32.06
change = -6.41

* "Note (1835): 4,254 voted. Burdett was classified as a Whig, Evans as a Radical and Cochrane as a Tory. (Source: Stooks Smith)"
* "Resignation of Burdett to seek re-election on changing parties."

Election box begin
title=By-Election 12 May 1837: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Sir Francis Burdett, Bt
votes = 3,567
percentage = 53.89
change = +31.63
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = John Temple Leader
votes = 3,052
percentage = 46.11
change = +46.11
Election box majority
votes = 515
percentage = 7.78
change = "N/A"
Election box turnout
votes = 15,262
percentage = 43.37
change = +11.31
Election box gain with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
loser = Liberal Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

* "Note (1837): Burdett was classified as a Tory and Leader as a Radical. (Source: Stooks Smith)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 27 July 1837: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = John Temple Leader
votes = 3,793
percentage = 37.45
change = +37.45
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = George de Lacy Evans
votes = 3,715
percentage = 36.68
change = -1.03
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Sir George Murray
votes = 2,620
percentage = 25.87
change = +3.61
Election box turnout
votes = 15,262
percentage = 41.61
change = +9.55

* "Note (1837): 6,350 voted. Leader and Evans were classified as Radicals and Murray as a Tory. (Source: Stooks Smith)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1 July 1841: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Hon. Henry John Rous
votes = 3,338
percentage = 33.80
change = +7.93
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = John Temple Leader
votes = 3,281
percentage = 33.22
change = -4.23
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = George de Lacy Evans
votes = 3,258
percentage = 32.99
change = -3.69
Election box turnout
votes = 13,767
percentage = 47.91
change = +6.30

* "Note (1841): 14,254 registered (Craig's figure above used for the turnout calculation); 6,596 voted. Leader and Evans were classified as Radicals (pink and white colours) and Rous as a Tory (blue colour). (Source: Stooks Smith)"
* "Appointment of Rous as a Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 19 February 1846: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Sir George de Lacy Evans
votes = 3,843
percentage = 56.94
change = +23.95
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Hon. Henry John Rous
votes = 2,906
percentage = 43.06
change = +9.26
Election box majority
votes = 937
percentage = 13.88
change = "N/A"
Election box turnout
votes = 14,801
percentage = 45.60
change = -2.31
Election box gain with party link
winner = Liberal Party (UK)
loser = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

* "Note (1846): Evans was classified as a Radical and Rous as a Tory. (Source: Stooks Smith)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 30 July 1847: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Sir George de Lacy Evans
votes = 3,139
percentage = 29.13
change = -3.86
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Charles Lushington
votes = 2,831
percentage = 26.28
change = +26.28
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Charles Cochrane
votes = 2,819
percentage = 26.16
change = +26.16
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Viscount Mandeville
votes = 1,985
percentage = 18.42
change = -15.38
Election box turnout
votes = 14,572
percentage = 49.31
change = +1.40

* "Note (1847): 14,125 registered (Craig's figure above used for the turnout calculation); 7,185 voted. Evans was classified as a Radical, Lushington and Cochrane as Whigs and Rous as a Tory. (Source: Stooks Smith)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 9 July 1852: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Sir John Villiers Shelley, Bt
votes = 4,199
percentage = 32.19
change = +32.19
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Sir George de Lacy Evans
votes = 3,756
percentage = 28.79
change = -0.34
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Viscount Mandeville
votes = 3,373
percentage = 25.86
change = +7.44
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = William Coningham
votes = 1,716
percentage = 13.16
change = +13.16
Election box turnout
votes = 14,883
percentage = 43.82
change = -5.49

* "Note (1852): In earlier elections Evans and Coningham were classified as Radicals, Shelley as a Whig and Mandeville as a Tory. (Source: Stooks Smith)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1857: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Sir George de Lacy Evans
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Sir John Villiers Shelley, Bt
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1857): In earlier elections Evans was classified as a Radical and Shelley as a Whig. (Source: Stooks Smith)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1859: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Sir George de Lacy Evans
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Sir John Villiers Shelley, Bt
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1859): In earlier elections Evans was classified as a Radical and Shelley as a Whig. (Source: Stooks Smith)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 12 July 1865: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Hon. Robert Wellesley Grosvenor
votes = 4,534
percentage = 35.19
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = John Stuart Mill
votes = 4,525
percentage = 35.12
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = William Henry Smith
votes = 3,824
percentage = 29.68
change = "N/A"
Election box turnout
votes = 12,546
percentage = 51.34
change = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 12 November 1868: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = William Henry Smith
votes = 7,648
percentage = 37.28
change = +7.60
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Hon. Robert Wellesley Grosvenor
votes = 6,584
percentage = 32.09
change = -3.10
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = John Stuart Mill
votes = 6,284
percentage = 30.63
change = -4.49
Election box turnout
votes = 18,879
percentage = 54.35
change = +3.01

Election box begin
title=General Election 7 February 1874: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = William Henry Smith
votes = 9,371
percentage = 35.72
change = -1.56
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Sir Charles Russell, Bt
votes = 8,681
percentage = 33.09
change = +33.09
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton, Bt
votes = 4,749
percentage = 18.10
change = +18.10
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Sir William John Codrington
votes = 3,435
percentage = 13.09
change = +13.09
Election box turnout
votes = 19,845
percentage = 66.10
change = +11.75

* "Appointment of Smith as First Lord of the Admiralty"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 11 August 1877: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Rt Hon. William Henry Smith
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1880: Westminster (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Rt Hon. William Henry Smith
votes = 9,093
percentage = 29.30
change = -6.42
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Sir Charles Russell, Bt
votes = 8,930
percentage = 28.78
change = -4.31
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = John Morley
votes = 6,564
percentage = 21.15
change = +21.15
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Sir A. Hobhouse
votes = 6,443
percentage = 20.76
change = +20.76
Election box turnout
votes = 21,081
percentage = 73.60
change = +7.50

* "Resignation of Russell"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 10 February 1882: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Lord Algernon Percy
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

* "Appointment of Smith as Secretary of State for War"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 29 June 1885: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Rt Hon. William Henry Smith
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

* "Constituency reduced to one seat and boundaries changed in the redistribution of 1885"

Election box begin
title=General Election 26 November 1885: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = William L.A.B. Burdett-Coutts
votes = 3,991
percentage = 69.69
change = +69.69
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Prof. E.S. Beesly
votes = 1,736
percentage = 30.31
change = +30.31
Election box majority
votes = 2,255
percentage = 39.37
change = "N/A"
Election box turnout
votes = 7,670
percentage = 74.67
change = +1.07
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1886: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = William L.A.B. Burdett-Coutts
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1892: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = William L.A.B. Burdett-Coutts
votes = 3,548
percentage = 64.93
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Leif Jones
votes = 1,916
percentage = 35.07
change = "N/A"
Election box majority
votes = 1,632
percentage = 29.87
change = "N/A"
Election box turnout
votes = 7,971
percentage = 68.55
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1895: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = William L.A.B. Burdett-Coutts
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1900: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = William L.A.B. Burdett-Coutts
votes = 2,715
percentage = 86.08
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Independent Conservative
candidate = H.H. Montague-Smith
votes = 439
percentage = 13.92
change = "N/A"
Election box majority
votes = 2,276
percentage = 72.16
change = "N/A"
Election box turnout
votes = 7,367
percentage = 42.81
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1906: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = William L.A.B. Burdett-Coutts
votes = 3,167
percentage = 60.66
change = -25.42
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Claud Vere Cavendish Hobart
votes = 2,054
percentage = 39.34
change = +39.34
Election box majority
votes = 1,113
percentage = 21.32
change = -50.84
Election box turnout
votes = 7,539
percentage = 69.25
change = +26.44
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election January 1910: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = William L.A.B. Burdett-Coutts
votes = 3,917
percentage = 69.11
change = +8.45
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Claud Vere Cavendish Hobart
votes = 1,751
percentage = 30.89
change = -8.45
Election box majority
votes = 2,166
percentage = 38.21
change = +16.89
Election box turnout
votes = 7,284
percentage = 77.81
change = +8.56
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = +8.45

* "Positive swing is Liberal to Conservative"

Election box begin
title=General Election December 1910: Westminster
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = William L.A.B. Burdett-Coutts
votes = 3,397
percentage = 73.45
change = +4.34
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = H. de Pass
votes = 1,228
percentage = 26.55
change = -4.34
Election box majority
votes = 2,169
percentage = 46.90
change = +8.69
Election box turnout
votes = 7,284
percentage = 63.50
change = -14.31
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = +4.34

* "Constituency abolished in the redistribution of 1918"

ee also

* List of Parliamentary constituencies in Greater London
* Duration of English, British and United Kingdom Parliaments from 1660

References

* "Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972", compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1972)
* "British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885", compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (The Macmillan Press 1977)
* "British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918", compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (The Macmillan Press 1974)
* "The House of Commons 1509-1558", by S.T. Bindoff (Secker & Warburg 1982)
* "The House of Commons 1558-1603", by P.W. Hasler (HMSO 1981)
* "The House of Commons 1660-1690", by Basil Duke Henning (Secker & Warburg 1983)
* "The House of Commons 1715-1754", by Romney Sedgwick (HMSO 1970)
* "The House of Commons 1754-1790", by Sir Lewis Namier and John Brooke (HMSO 1964)
* "The House of Commons 1790-1820", by R.G. Thorne (Secker & Warburg 1986)
* "The Parliaments of England" by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844-50), second edition edited (in one volume) by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973)
* "Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885", edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)

*Rayment


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