- Islamic view of miracles
Miracle in the
Qur'ancan be defined as a supernatural intervention in the life of human beings. Denis Gril, "Miracles", Encyclopedia of the Qur'an] According to this definition, miracles are present "in a threefold sense: in sacred history, in connection with Muhammadhimself and in relation to revelation." The Qur'an does not use the technical Arabicword for miracle ("Muʿd̲j̲iza") literally meaning "that by means of which [the Prophet] confounds, overwhelms, his opponents". It rather uses the term 'Ayah'(literally meaning sign). A.J. Wensinck, "Muʿd̲j̲iza", Encyclopedia of Islam ] The term "Ayah" is used in the Qur'an in the above mentioned threefold sense: it refers to the "verses" of the Qur'an (believed to be the divine speech in human language; presented by Muhammadas his chief Miracle); as well as to miracles of it and the signs( particularly those of creation).
In order to defend the possibility of miracles and God's omnipotence against the encroachment of the independent secondary causes, medieval Muslim theologians rejected the idea of cause and effect in essence, but accepted it as something that facilitates humankind's investigation and comprehension of natural processes. They argued that the nature was composed of uniform atoms that were "re-created" at every instant by God. Thus if the soil was to fall, God would have to create and re-create the accident of heaviness for as long as the soil was to fall. For Muslim theologians, the laws of nature were only the customary sequence of apparent causes: customs of God. [Robert G. Mourison, The Portrayal of Nature in a Medieval Qur’an Commentary, Studia Islamica, 2002]
A systematic definition of miracles performed by apostles can be found in the work of the Muslim scholar "al-Īd̲j̲ī Mawāḳif", historian A.J. Wensinck states. The main purpose of miracle is to prove the sincerity of the apostle and has to satisfy the following conditions:
# It must be performed by God
# "It must be contrary to the usual course of things"
# It should be impossible to contradict it
# "It must happen at the hands of him who claims to be an apostle
# "It must be in conformity with his announcement of it, and the miracle itself must not be a disavowal of his claim"
# "It must follow on his claim"
Miracles in sacred history
The Qur'an does not mention any miracle for Adam as he was not supposed to convince anybody. Verses Quran-usc|11|40 and Quran-usc|23|27 mention miracles of
Noah, "The oven (tannur) out of which the water burst and announced the flood". Hud, the first of five Arabian prophets of the Qur'an, prophet for the ancient tribe of 'Ad does not have any particular miracle (thus according to historian Denis Gril prefiguring Muhammad). See Quran-usc|7|69 for his response when he was rebuked for not producing a miracle.
Miracles of Muhammad
According to historian Denis Gril, the Qur'an does not overtly describe Muhammad performing miracles, and the supreme miracle of Muhammad is finally identified with the Qur’an itself. Denis Gril, "Miracles",
Encyclopedia of the Qur'an] However, Muslim tradition credits Muhammad with several supernatural events. A.J. Wensinck, "Muʿd̲j̲iza", Encyclopedia of Islam] For example, many Muslim commentators and some western scholars have interpreted the Surah cite quran|54|1-2 to refer to Muhammad splitting the Moon in view of the Quraysh when they had begun to persecute his followers. [ Encyclopedia of the Qur'an, "Moon"] This tradition has inspired many Muslim poets, especially in India."Muhammad", Encyclopedia of Islam Online]
Miracles of Qur'an
Muslims believe that Qur'an is miraculous by its nature in being a revealed text from God, and that similar texts cannot be written by human endeavor.The Qur'an itself gives an open challenge for anyone who denies its claimed divine origin to produce a text like it. cite quran|17|88cite quran|11|12-13cite quran|2|23 Gril, Denis. "Miracles" Encyclopaedia of the Quran. ]
Splitting of the moon
Isra and Mi'raj
* [http://www.Islam-quran-sunnah.blogspot.com Islam Quran Sunnah — The Right Path]
* [http://islamislife.110mb.com/InterestingIslam.htm Miracles of Islam]
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