Place of worship

Place of worship

A place of worship or house of worship is a building or other location where a group of people (a congregation) comes to perform acts of religious praise, honour, or devotion. The form and function of religious architecture has evolved over thousands of years for both changing beliefs and architectural style. The term "temple" is often used as a general term for any house of worship; but churches and mosques are not generally called temples.

Names used for places of worship

Different religions have different names for their places of worship:

*Bahá'í House of Worship – Bahá'í Faith
*Buddhist temple – Buddhism
*Church – Christianity
**In Western Christianity, some "private" temples are called chapels, while major public ones are designated by a term reflecting its ecclesiastical status, such as cathedral (seat of a diocesan bishop), basilica, or minster, and/or proper to a cultural tradition, including kirk (Scottish–cognate with church) or dom.
**In Orthodox Christianity (both Eastern and Oriental) an Orthodox temple is a church with base shaped like Greek cross.
**Protestant denominations installed in France in the early modern era use the word "temple" (as opposed to "church", supposed to be Roman Catholic); some more recently built temples are called "church".
**Quakers call their places of worship meeting houses.
*Church – Mormons use both "church" and "temple" to denote different types of buildings. Normal worship services are held in churches (sometimes also called ward meetinghouses) while Mormon temples are reserved for special ordinances.
*Derasar – Jainism
*Fire temple – Zoroastrianism
*Gurdwara – Sikhism
*Jinja – Shinto
*Kingdom Hall – Jehovah's Witnesses use the term "Kingdom Hall" to identify their places of worship, and seldom, if ever, use the word 'church' to describe any building in use by them for the purpose of such assembly.
*Mandir – Hinduism
**Variously called a "mandir"' (Hindi), a "koyil" (Tamil), and an "gudi"/"devalayam"/"kovela" (Telugu).
*Mosque – Islam (also referred to by its Arabic name: Masjid).
*Pathi – Ayyavazhi
*Roman temple – Roman religion
**Templums for native deities
**Fanums for foreign deities
*Synagogue – Judaism
**Some synagogues, especially Reform synagogues, are called temples, but Orthodox Judaism considers this inappropriate as they do not consider synagogues a replacement for the Temple in Jerusalem. Some Orthodox Jewish congregations use the term 'shul' to describe their place of worship.
*Daoguan – Taoism
*Greek temple – Greek religion
*Hof – Norse Paganism
*Wat – Buddhism (in Cambodia, Thailand, and Laos)

ee also

*Altar
*Ibadat Khana
*Religious architecture
*Reliquary


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • place of worship — noun any building where congregations gather for prayer • Syn: ↑house of prayer, ↑house of God, ↑house of worship • Hypernyms: ↑building, ↑edifice • Hyponyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

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  • place of worship — house of worship, house of prayer (i.e. church, mosque, synagogue, etc.) …   English contemporary dictionary

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  • worship — I UK [ˈwɜː(r)ʃɪp] / US [ˈwɜrˌʃɪp] noun [uncountable] * a) the activity of showing respect and love for a god, for example by singing or praying The building has been a place of worship since the eighth century. The whole school meets for the… …   English dictionary

  • worship — [[t]wɜ͟ː(r)ʃɪp[/t]] worships, worshipping, worshipped (in AM, use worshiping, worshiped) 1) VERB If you worship a god, you show your respect to the god, for example by saying prayers. [V n] I enjoy going to church and worshipping God. ...Jews… …   English dictionary

  • worship — 1 verb worshipped, worshipping also worshiped, worshiping AmE 1 (I, T) to show respect and love for a god, especially by praying in a church, temple etc 2 (T) to admire and love someone very much: She absolutely worships those children. 3 worship …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

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