- Altona, Hamburg
Infobox German Location
Name = Altona
Art = Borough
City = Hamburg
image_photo = Black Form White House.jpg
Sol LeWitt, Black Form Dedicated to the Missing Jews, townhall Altona.
Wappen = Wappen-Altona.svg
lat_deg = 53 | lat_min = 33 | lat_sec =0
lon_deg = 9 | lon_min = 56 | lon_sec =0
Lageplan = Boroughs of Hamburg.jpg
Lageplanbeschreibung = Boroughs of Hamburg
Bundesland = Hamburg
Kreis = Altona, Hamburg
Fläche = 77.5
Einwohner = 243972
Stand = 31.12.2006
PLZ-alt = 2000
Vorwahl = 040
Kfz = HH
Gliederung = 13
ruling_party1 = |ruling_party2 = |ruling_party3 =
year = 1535
Altona (IPA2|ˈaltona) is the westernmost urban borough ("Bezirk") of the German city state of
Hamburg, on the right bank of the Elberiver. From 1640 to 1864 Altona was under the administration of the Danish monarchy. Altona was a independent city until 1937. In 2006 the population was 243,972.
It was founded in 1535 as a village of fishermen. In 1664 it received city rights from Danish King Frederik III. Until 1864 Altona was one of the Danish monarchy's most important harbour towns. The railroad from Altona to
Kiel, the Christian VIII Baltic SeaRail Line ("Christian VIII Østersø Jernbane"), was opened in 1844.
Because of the severe restrictions on the number of
Jews allowed to live in Hamburg (with the exception of the period of 1811-15,) until 1864,Fact|date=September 2008 a major Jewish community developed in Altona. Members did business both in Hamburg and in Altona itself. All that remains is the Jewish cemetery, but in the seventeenth , eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries it was a major center of Jewish life and scholarship.
The wars between
Denmarkand the Kingdom of Prussialike the First Schleswig War(1848–1851) and the Second War of Schleswig(Feb 1864 - Oct 1864) followed by the Gastein Convention(1864) led to Denmark's cession of the Duchies of Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg to Prussian and Austrian administration, respectively. In 1867 Altona became part of the Kingdom of Prussia.
In 1871 Altona and the near city Hamburg were hit by the
cholerawith a minimum of 16 casualties. [Citation |title=Colera |newspaper= The New York Times|year=1871 |date= 1871-08-31|url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9B00E5DD113EEE34BC4950DFBE66838A669FDE]
Alter the first world war in the
Weimar Republicthe city of Altona was disturbed by major worker strikes and street disorders. The inflation in Germany was a major problem. In 1923 Max Brauerthe mayor of Altona, ordered to give coins for the gas meters as part of the salary for city personnel, because these coins were independent to the inflation. [Citation |last=Verg |first=Erich |last2=Verg |first2=Martin |title=Das Abenteuer das Hamburg heißt |year=2007 |page=158 |location=Hamburg |publisher=Eller&Richter |edition=4th |isbn=9783831901371 de icon] The most notable event at this time is the bloody Sunday of Altona (German: "Altonaer Blutsonntag") on July 7, 1932were several persons were shot by the police force during a demonstration of Nazi groups. After police raids and a special court, on August 1, 1933among others Bruno Teschwas found guilty and beheaded. [Citation |author= |title=Back to the Axe! |date=1933-08-14 |newspaper=The Time Magazine |url=http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,745905-2,00.html |accessdate=2008-08-14]
Greater Hamburg Acttook it away from the Free State of Prussiain 1937 and merged it (and several surrounding cities) with the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg in 1938.
On February 1, 2007 the "Ortsämter" (Precincts) in Hamburg were dissolved. In Altona were the precincts Blankenese, Lurup and Osdorf with local offices. Ob
March 1, 2008the neighborhood Schanzenviertel in the boroughs Altona, Eimsbüttel and Hamburg-Mitte became the quarter Sternschanze in the borough Altona. [Act of the areal organisation]
The border of Altona to the south is the River
Elbe, and across the river the state Lower Saxonyand the boroughs Harburg and Hamburg-Mitte. To the east is the borough Hamburg-Mitte and to the north is the borough Eimsbüttel. The western border is to the state of Schleswig-Holstein. According to the statistical office Hamburg the area of Altona was in 2006 77.5 km² or 29.9 sq mi.
Politically, the following quarters (German "Stadtteile") are subject to the Altona borough:
Othmarschen(including parts of Klein Flottbek)
Nienstedten(including parts of Klein Flottbek)
In 2006 in the borough Altona were living 243,972 people. 16.4% were children under the age of 18, and 18.6% were 65 years of age or older. 15.3% were immigrants. 12,545 people were registered as unemployed. [Residents registration office, source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)] In 1999 48% of all households were made up of individuals [Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (1999)] .
Diet of the borough
Simultaneously with elections to the state parliament ("Bürgerschaft"), the "Bezirksversammlung" is elected as representatives of the citizens. It consists of 51 representatives.
Elections were held in Hamburg on
24 February 2008. The five parties having more than 5 percent in recent polls (minimum to qualify) are the conservative CDU, the social-democratic SPD, the ecologist Green Party (GAL), the left-wing Die Linke and the neoliberal Free Democratic Party (FDP). The voter participation were 65.2%. [Final election result, source: statistical office of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2008)]
Bundesautobahn 7leads through Altona borough.
According to the Department of Motor Vehicles (Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt), in Altona were 87,131 private cars registered ((359 cars/1000 people). Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)]
* [http://www.statistik-nord.de/fileadmin/regional/regional.php Statistical office Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein] Statistisches Amt für Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein, official website de icon
*Act of the areal organisation, July 6 2006 [http://hh.juris.de/hh/gesamt/RGlG_HA.htm "Gesetz über die räumliche Gliederung der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg (RäumGiG)"] de icon
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