- Air Crew Europe Star
Infobox Military Award
name=Air Crew Europe Star
caption=Obverse of medal and ribbon
United Kingdomand Commonwealth
eligibility=2 months operational flying
for=Flying over occupied Europe
campaign=European Air Operations 1939-44
description=Six pointed star
*France and Germany
Atlantic Star France and Germany Star
caption2=__NOTOC__The Air Crew Europe Star was a campaign medal of the British Commonwealth, awarded for service in
World War II. Specifically, the medal was awarded to Commonwealth aircrew who participated in operational flights over Europe, from UK bases.
Two months operational flying was required between
3 September 1939and 5 June 1945in order to qualify. The 1939-1945 Starmust have been earned before commencing qualifying service for the Air Crew Europe Star. From 6 June 1944(D-Day), operational flying over Europe qualified aircrew for the France and Germany Star.
British uniform regulations stipulated that neither the
Atlantic Starnor the France and Germany Starwould be awarded to a recipient of the Air Crew Europe Star. Subsequent entitlement to the Atlantic Star or the France and Germany Star was denoted by the award of the appropriate clasp to the Air Crew Europe Star.
* The Air Crew Europe Star is a six–pointed star of yellow copper zinc alloy, with a height of 44mm and a maximum width of 38mm.
* The obverse has a central design of the
Royal Cypherof King George VI, surmounted by a crown. The cypher is surrounded by a circlet containing the words ‘The Air Crew Europe Star'.
* The reverse is plain, although Stars issued to Australian and South African personnel have recipient names engraved.
* The ribbon for this medal, along with those of the other Second World War campaign stars, is reputed to have been designed by King George VI. The sky is represented by pale blue, night flying by the black stripes on the edges, with the yellow stripes representing enemy searchlights..
Regulations only allow one clasp to be worn with the Star. When the ribbon is worn alone a silver rosette ribbon emblem is worn to denote the award of a clasp.
* Atlantic:Awarded to those who subsequently became entitled to the
* France and Germany:Awarded to those who subsequently became entitled to the
France and Germany Star.
British campaign medals
Australian campaign medals
* Mackay, J and Mussel, J (eds) - "Medals Yearbook - 2006", (2005), Token Publishing.
* Joslin, Litherland, and Simpkin (eds), "British Battles and Medals", (1988), Spink
* [http://www.mod.uk/DefenceInternet/DefenceFor/Veterans/Medals/AirCrewEuropeStar.htm UK DoD site]
* [http://www.defence.gov.au/medals/Content/+040%20Campaign%20Medals/+100%20World%20War%20II/+030%20Air%20Crew%20Europe%20Star/default.htm ADF Honours and Awards]
* [http://www.stephen-stratford.co.uk/wwii_medals.htm Stephen Stratford Medals site]
* [http://www.vac-acc.gc.ca/remembers/sub.cfm?source=collections/cmdp/mainmenu/group04/acesstar Veterans Affairs Canada site]
* [http://medals.nzdf.mil.nz/category/h/h11.html NZDF Medals site]
* [http://medals.nzdf.mil.nz/warrants/h11-reg.html Air Crew Europe Star Regulations from NZDF site]
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