- Esprit (magazine)
"Esprit" is a French
literary magazine. Founded in October 1932 by Emmanuel Mounier, it was the personalistreview . From 1957 to 1976, it was directed by Jean-Marie Domenach. Paul Thibaud directed it for some time. The philosopher Paul Ricoeuroften collaborated with it. "Esprit" is a member of the Eurozinenetwork.
Personalism and non-conformists of the 1930s
In the 1930s, "Esprit" was the main mouthpiece of the personalists and of the
Non-Conformist Movement. A presentation of the magazine by its authors in 1933 stated that it opposed the "compromission" of spiritual values with the established order (which Mounier called "established disorder") and aimed at denouncing their "exploitation by the powers of Money, in the social regime, in the government, in the press, etc. [http://www.supportscoursenligne.sciences-po.fr/2006_2007/ag_slama/seance_10.pdf Prospectus de présentation de la revue "Esprit"] , presented by Alain-Gérard Slama, on-line course of Sciences-Po, 18 May 2007 fr icon ] " "Esprit" opposed partial reforms and aimed at a global rebuilding of the basis of the social edifice. It targeted as opponents "individualist materialism", claiming that the "capitalist jungle was its ultimate product"; "collectivist materialism", which linked both Communismand Capitalism, despite their oppositions, in the "same metaphysics"; and the "false Fascist spiritualism," which seemed to share the same opponents, but in reality turned towards the "tyrannic idolatry of inferior spiritualities: racist exaltation, national passion, anonymous discipline, devotion to the state or the leader" or plain "safeguard of economic interests. " The magazine posited itself for the "rebirth" of a "community of personalities," opposing both liberal individualism and collectivism, in one word, mass society:
"Tout homme, sans exception, a le droit et le devoir de développer sa personalité." (Any man, without exception, has the right and the duty to develop his personality.)
"Esprit" broke with part of its legacy following the
Liberation of France, and involved itself in New Leftmovements. The review criticized the systemic use of torture during the Algerian War, publishing for examples articles by Pierre Vidal-Naquet. It would also influence in the 1970s the " Second Left," gathered around the Unified Socialist Party (PSU).
Non-conformists of the 1930s
* [http://www.esprit.presse.fr/ "Esprit" home page]
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