Between the 14th and 17th centuries, settlers from northern
Mazoviamoved to former territories of Old Prussians, following conquests by the Teutonic Order, and the erection of the Monastic state of the Teutonic Knights.
bishopric of Warmiabecame in 1466an autonomous part of Royal Prussia, and remained part of Polish Lithuanian Commonwealthuntil 1772(see: Partitions of Poland). While Mazurs in the neighboring Ducal Prussiabecame Protestants when that Duchy adopted Lutheranismin the 16th century, most Warmiaks, populating the areas around Allenstein(Olsztyn), remained Catholics.
World War Two, the Warmiaks were persecuted by the Nazi Germanygovernment, which wanted to erase all aspects of Polish culture and Polish language in Warmia. After the war, due to their Polish roots, they were not victims of Expulsion of Germans after World War II, but in the course of the time, large numbers of Warmiaks decided to leave their native land and settle in more prosperous West Germany.
Andrzej Sakson- Polish sociologist specializing in research on Warmiaks
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.