- Buffalo network-attached storage series
Infobox Information appliance
Buffalo network-attached storage series
caption = The Kuro-Box Pro
PowerPC, MIPSel, ARM The Buffalo network-attached storage series are network-attached storagedevices sold around the world, for example by US, European and Japanese computer retailers, and have been reviewed by the computer press. [Reviews include [http://reviews-zdnet.com.com/Buffalo_Gigabit_LinkStation_300GB/4505-3382_16-31385516.html CNET/ZDNET:LinkStation] , [http://reviews-zdnet.com.com/Buffalo_TeraStation_Home_Server_NAS_2TB/4505-3382_16-31864376.html CNET/ZDNET:TeraStation] , [http://linuxdevices.com/articles/AT9676199755.html LinuxDevices.com:LinkStation] , [http://linuxdevices.com/articles/AT4447705222.html LinuxDevices.com:TeraStation] , [http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,1759,1641390,00.asp PC Magazine:LinkStation] , [http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,1759,1780692,00.asp PC Magazine:TeraStation] , [http://www.tomsnetworking.com/2005/06/27/review_hdhg250lan/ Tom's Networking:LinkStation] , [http://www.tomsnetworking.com/2005/05/25/review_terasta/ Tom's Networking:TeraStation] ] They can be modified [ [http://www.yamasita.jp/linkstation.en/index.html English version of “Why don’t you hack the LinkStation/Kuro Box.”] *] into miniature general purpose Linux-based computers. The LinkStation and TeraStation are intended for the general public, while the Kuro Box is intended for expert hackers as a cheap platform for Linuxdevelopment.
These devices have undergone various improvements since they were first produced. [nas-central.org: [http://buffalo.nas-central.org/index.php/LS_Hardware_and_Software_information Hardware comparison (LinkStation and Kuro Box)] ] For example, the first generation of this device had a
100BASE-Tnetwork adapter using a Parallel ATAhard drive. The current version has a 1000BASE-T-capable connection and uses the Serial ATAinterface. [ [http://www.buffalotech.com/products/product-detail.php?productid=152&categoryid=34 LinkStation - SATA Version] ] Older generations of the device used PowerPCand MIPS processors, while the latest version of the device [ [http://www.buffalotech.com/products/product-detail.php?productid=127&categoryid=27 TeraStation - SATA Version] ] uses an ARM architectureprocessor. [ [http://buffalo.nas-central.org/index.php/Terastationwiki nas-central.org: Overview over the Terastations] ]
The LinkStation is a
PowerPC,MIPS or ARM based network attached storageappliance sold in North America, Europe and Japan, that is significantly notable among the Linux community both in Japan [http://linkstation.yi.org/ - A Japanese website dedicated to hacking the LinkStation.] [http://www.type-g.com/ - A Japanese wiki which contains some LinkStation information.] and in the US/Europe [http://buffalo.nas-central.org - The nas-central.org Wiki] [ Yahoo!Groups: [http://groups.yahoo.com/group/LinkStation_General/ LinkStation General] ] for being "hackable" into a generic Linux appliance and made to do tasks other than the file storage task for which it was designed.The Linkstation has Ethernet, USB, and serial ports, but does not have a video output. It is made by Buffalo Technology[ [http://www.buffalotech.com/ Buffalo Technology] ] a division of Melco. Produced in Japan, as of 2006 it is also available at American retailers such as Best Buyand CompUSA, as well as in Europe.
The Kuro Box is the name for a series of
PowerPCand ARM processor based computers intended for use as a Network-attached storagedevice. The original Kuro Box was made from spare hardware components the manufacturer [ [http://www.revogear.com/ Revogear.com] - American suppliers of KuroBox] [ [http://www.kuroutoshikou.com www.kuroutoshikou.com] - Japanese supplier of KuroBox] had from the Linkstation. Recent versions of the Kuro Box use later Linkstation hardware or hardware very similar to that of the Linkstation. [ [http://www.kurobox.com/mwiki/index.php/Hardware_Specifications Hardware Specifications for the Kuro Box Original,HG, and HG WR models] ] [ [http://buffalo.nas-central.org/index.php/KuroBoxPro Hardware Specifications for the Kuro Box Pro] ] All Kuro Box versions are provided without a hard drive. The case has the same physical dimensions and shape as the corresponding LinkStation, but it is black in color and has the Japanese symbols for "Kuro Box" (, meaning "expert box") in silver lettering on the side panel.
TeraStationThe TeraStation is a
Network-attached storagedevice using a PowerPCor ARM architectureprocessor similar to the LinkStation. It uses four internal Hard drivesmounted in a RAIDarray. [ [http://www.buffalotech.com/products/product-detail.php?productid=133&categoryid=25 Buffalo's Terastation Listing] ] It comes in a grey or black Cubeshaped box depending on the model.
As the device runs on Linux, and included changes to the Linux source code, Buffalo was required to release their modified versions of
Source codeas per the terms of the GNU General Public License. Due to the availability of source code and the relatively low cost of the device, there are several community projects centered around it. There are two main replacement firmwares available for the device: the first is OpenLink [nas-central.org: [http://buffalo.nas-central.org/index.php?title=Category:OpenLink Openlink] ] which is based on the official Buffalo firmware with some improvements and features added. The other is FreeLink, [nas-central.org: [http://buffalo.nas-central.org/index.php?title=Category:FreeLink Freelink] ] which is a Debiandistribution.
The product was designed by the manufacturer to accept a user supplied
Linuxdistribution. Several [www.kurobox.com: [http://www.kurobox.com/mwiki/index.php/Category:Project Projects] ] including a Kurobox specific distribution called Sylver, Debian, Gentoo Linux, and Fedora Core have been ported to it by various user groups in both the USA/ Europe, [http://www.kurobox.com/ - The Kurobox Page] and Japan. [ http://www.kurobox.info/ - A Chinese language forum covering the Kurobox and LinkStation.]
Like the LinkStation the device runs its own version of
Linux. Debianand Gentoo Linuxdistributions and NetBSDhave been reported to have been ported to it. [http://www.terastation.org/ - The Terastation Wiki]
The device in various iterations ships with its own
Universal Plug and Playprotocol for distribution of Multimediastored on the device. It can also be configured as a variety of different media servers [nas-central.org, [http://buffalo.nas-central.org/index.php?title=Category:Mediaserver Category:Mediaserver] ] TwonkyVisionMedia server, [ [http://www.twonkyvision.de/Products/TwonkyMedia/nas.html TwonkyMedia: embedded devices and network attached storaged devices] ] a SlimServer/ SqueezeCenterserver, an Itunesserver using the Digital Audio Access Protocol, [ [http://homepage.mac.com/cudmore/KuroBox/Menu42.html Alan's KuroBox-DAAP Information] (Bonjour/DAAP/ iTunes)] a Samba server, MLDonkeyclient, as well as a Network File System server for Posix-based systems. For use as a backup server, it can be modified to use it with Rsyncto back up or synchronize data from one or many computers in the network pushing their data, or even having the LinkStation pulling the data from remote servers—beside the use of the Buffalo-provided backup software for Windows. It has also found use in a number of other ways, notably through its USBinterface which comes configured as a Print serverbut can also use the Common Unix Printing Systemto act as such for a USB Printer. Users have managed to get it to use a number of other USB devices [nas-central.org, [http://buffalo.nas-central.org/index.php?title=Category:USB Category:USB] ] with the version 2.6 Linux kernel's [nas-central.org, [http://buffalo.nas-central.org/index.php?title=Category:Kernel Category:Kernel] ] enhanced USB support. Additionally, because the Apache HTTP Serversoftware is already installed for the purpose of providing the Buffalo configuration screens, the device is easily converted to be a lightweight web server (with the Buffalo content deleted) and then can serve any content of the operator's choice.
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