1963 in poetry

1963 in poetry

in?=in poetry
in2?=in literature
cp=19th century
c=20th century
cf=21st century


* Bob Dylan releases his "The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan," album, with his most influential early songwriting.
* The Belfast Group, a discussion group of poets in Northern Ireland, is started by Philip Hobsbaum when he moves to Belfast this year. Before the meetings finally end in 1972, attendees at its meetings will include Seamus Heaney, Michael Longley, James Simmons, Paul Muldoon, Ciaran Carson, Stewart Parker, Bernard MacLaverty and the critics Edna Longley and Michael Allen.
* July-August — The Vancouver Poetry Conference is held in three weeks, involving about 60 people who attended discussions, workshops, lectures, and readings designed by Warren Tallman and Robert Creeley as a summer course at the University of British Columbia. [http://slought.org/toc/Vancouver1963/ Slought Foundation, Philadelphia: Contemporary Art and Theory ] ] According to Creeley:

:"It brought together for the first time, a decisive company of then disregarded poets such as Denise Levertov, Charles Olson, Allen Ginsberg, Robert Duncan, Margaret Avison, Philip Whalen... together with as yet unrecognised younger poets of that time, Michael Palmer, Clark Coolidge and many more."

* The Soviet government appeared to begin removing freedoms previously granted to writers and artists in a process that began in November 1962 and continued this year. Yet the government proved uncertain and the writers persistent. In March 1963 the gavel fell on the great debate," or so it appeared, wrote Harrison E. Salisbury, Moscow correspondent for "The New York Times". Khrushchev announced that Soviet writers were the servants of the Communist Party and must reflect its orders. Among the authors he specifically targeted were the poets Yevgeny Yevtushenko and Andrei Voznesensky. Yevtushenko, on a tour of European cities earlier in the year, recited before large audiences, including a capacity audience at the Palais de Chaillot in Paris, and then returned home. "Literary Stalinists took over almost all the key publishing positions," Salisbury wrote. Yet the artists and writers who were criticized either refused to recant or did so in innocuous language. Alexander Tvardovsky, editor of the magazine "Novy Mir", published three brutally frank stories by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, for instance. By midsummer, the effects of the announced crackdown appeared nil, with authors publishing essentially as before."Britannica Book of the Year 1964" (covering events of 1963), published 1963 by The Encyclopaedia Britannica, "Literature" article, pp 508-519]

Works published in English

Listed by nation where the work was first published and again by the poet's native land, if different; substantial revisions listed separately:


* Roy Daniells, "The Chequered Shade", a collection of short poems, mostly sonnets
* R. G. Everson, "Blind Man's Holiday", a first book of poems
* Irving Layton, "Balls for a One-Armed Juggler"


* Frank Scott, translator and editor, "St.-Denys Garneau and Anne Hébert"
* "The Plough and the Pen: Writings From Hungary 1930-1956", translations of Hungarian populust poets and writers by eight Canadian poets, including Earle Birney, A. J. M. Smith and Raymond Souster


* Austin Clarke, "Flight to Africa", Dublin: Dolmen PressM. L. Rosenthal, "The New Poets: American and British Poetry Since World War II", New York: Oxford University Press, 1967, "Selected Bibliography: Individual Volumes by Poets Discussed", pp 334-340]
* Denis Devlin, "Selected Poems", New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Irish poet published in the United States
* Richard Murphy, "Sailing to an Island", London: Faber and Faber; [ [http://www.irishwriters-online.com/richardmurphy.html] Irish Poets Online/ Author/ Richard Murphy" at the Irish Poets Online Web site, accessed October 20, 2007] New York: Chilmark Press, 1965

New Zealand

* James K. Baxter, "The Ballad of the Soap Powder Lock-Out", a light-hearted work written by a poet who was at this time a postal worker in New Zealand, in connection with a postal workers’ protest against delivering heavy samples of soap powder
* Alistair Campbell, "Sanctuary of Spirits"
* Keith Sinclair, "A Time to Embrace"

=United Kingdom=

* Edwin Bronk, "With Love From Judas", Losestoft, Suffolk: Scorpion Press
* W. H. Davies, "The Complete Poems of W. H. Davies", introduction by Sir Osbert Sitwell
* T. S. Eliot - "Collected Poems 1909-1962"
* Philip Hobsbaum and Edward Lucie-Smith, editors, "A Group Anthology" of young poets, many influenced by Ted Hughes, including George MacBeth, Peter Porter, David Wevill, and Peter Redgrove
* Laurence Lerner, "The Directions of Memory"
* George MacBeth, "The Broken Places", Lowestoft, Suffolk: Scorpion Press
* Norman MacCaig, "A Round of Applause"
* Louis MacNeice, "The Burning Perch" (posthumous)
* Richard Murphy, "Sailing to an Island", London: Faber and Faber; [ [http://www.irishwriters-online.com/richardmurphy.html] Irish Poets Online/ Author/ Richard Murphy" at the Irish Poets Online Web site, accessed October 20, 2007] New York: Chilmark Press, 1965 Irish
* Wilfred Owen, "The Collected Poems of Wilfred Owen", edited and introduced by C. Day Lewis
* F. T. Prince, "The Doors of Stone"
* Peter Redgrove, "All the White Monument", London: Routledge and Kegan Paul
* R.S. Thomas, "The Bread of Truth"
* Anthony Thwaite, "The Owl in the Tree", London: Oxford University Press
* Charles Tomlinson, "A Peopled Landscape", London: Oxford University Press

United States

* Conrad Aiken, "The Morning Song of Lord Zero"
* Gwendolyn Brooks, "Selected Poems"
* Evan S. Connell (then known as "Evan S. Connell Jr."), "Notes From a Bottle Found on the Beach at Carmel"
* E.E. Cummings, "73 Poems" (posthumous)
* Babette Deutsch, "Collected Poems, 1919-1962"
* Denis Devlin, "Selected Poems", New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Irish poet published in the United States
* Allen Ginsberg, "Reality Sandwiches", San Francisco: City Lights Books6
* Paul Goodman, "The Lordly Hudson"
* Michael Hamburger, "Weather and Season", London: Routledge and Keagan Paul; New York: Atheneum
* Robinson Jeffers, "The Beginning and the End" (posthumous)
* H. P. Lovecraft - "Collected Poems"
* Howard Nemerov, "The Next Room of the Dream"
* Lou B. ("Bink") Noll, "The Center of the Circle", a first volume of poetry
* Mary Oliver, "No Voyage, and Other Poems" (first edition; later released in an expanded edition in 1965)
* Sylvia Plath, "The Bell Jar", an autobiographical novel published under the pseudonym "Victoria Lucas"
* Henry Rago, [http://www.henryrago.com] "A Sky of Light Summer", New York: Macmillan
* Adrienne Rich, "Snapshots of a Daughter-in-Law", her third volume of poetry, gains the poet national prominence for her lyric voice, mostly in free verse, and for her treatment of feminist-related themes.
* Anne Sexton, "All My Pretty Ones"
* Louis Simpson, "At the End of the Open Road", Middletown, Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press
* William Stafford, "Traveling Through the Dark"
* Jesse Stuart, "Hold April"
* May Swenson, "To Mix With Time"
* John Updike, "Telephone Poles, and Other Poems"
* Mark Van Doren, "Collected and New Poems, 1924-1963"
* William Carlos Williams, "Paterson", all five books of this long poem first published together
* James Wright, "The Branch Will Not Break", Middletown, Connecticut: Wesleyan University PressM. L. Rosenthal, "The New Poets: American and British Poetry Since World War II", New York: Oxford University Press, 1967, "Selected Bibliography: Individual Volumes by Poets Discussed", pp 334-340]

Criticism and scholarship

* Louis Zukofsky, "Bottom: On Shakespeare" a work of literary philosophy
* Robert Bly's "A Wrong Turning in American Poetry" published in "Choice"

Other in English

* Chris Wallace-Crabbe (Australia):
** "In Light and Darkness", Sydney: Angus & Robertson
** Editor, "Six Voices: Contemporary Australian Poets", Sydney: Angus & Robertson; American Edition, Westport, Connecticut: 1979 (anthology)

Works published in other languages


* Lassi Nummi, "Kuutsimittaa"
* Aila Meriluoto, "Asumattomiin"
* Solveig von Schoultz, "Sänk ditt ljus"

French language


* Ronald Desprês, "Les Cloisons en vertige"
* Alfred Desrochers, "Le Retour de Titus"
* Alain Grandbois, "Poèmes"
* Gatien Lapointe, "Ode au Saint-Laurent"
* Wilfred Lemoine, "Sauf-conduits"
* Pierre Perrault, "Toutes isles"
* Jean-Guy Pilon, "Pour saluer une ville"


* P. Bealu, "Amour me cele, celle que j'aime"
* Maurice Fombeure, "Quel est ce coeur?"
* Paul Gilson, "Enigmarelle"
* Eugène Guillevic, "Sphère"
* An anthology of Hungarian poetry translated by poets Jean Rousselot, Jean Follain, and Eugène Guillevic


* Christa Reinig, "Gedichte" (East Germany)
* Erich Fried, "Reich der Steine" a volume of cycles of poetry
* Rupert Hirschenauer and Albrecht Weber, editors, "Wege zum Gedicht", 2 volumes (second volume, on the ballad, published this year, previous volume published in 1956), scholarshipPreminger, Alex and T.V.F. Brogan, et al., editors, "The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics", 1993, Princeton University Press and MJF Books, "German Poetry" article, "Criticism in German" section, p 474]


* Nathan Alterman, a four-volume edition of his writing
* Yehuda Amichai, a book of poetry
* Y. Bat-Miriam, a book of poetry
* J. Lichtenbaum, a book of poetry
* J. Rabinow, a book of poetry
* J. Ratosh, a book of poetry
* D. Rokeah, a book of poetry
* S. Shalom, a book of poetry
* A. Tur-Malkah, a book of poetry

panish language

=Latin America=

* Carlos Albert, editor, "13 poetas Argentinos de hoy", an anthology from the publisher Editorial Goyanarte (Argentina)
* Alfonso Alcalde, "Variaciones sobre el tema del amor y de la muerte" (Chile)
* Jorge Carrera Andrade, "Angel planetario" (Ecuador)
* Esther de Cáceres, "Los Cantos del destierro"
* Roland Cárdenas, "En el invierno de la provincia"
* Lupo Hernández Rueda, "Muerte y memoria" (Dominican Republic)
* Francisco Monterde, "Sakura", including poetry inspired by epigrams and haiku (Mexico)


* E. Ayzikovich, a new book of poems
* Sore Birnboym, a new book of poems
* A. Glants-Leyeles, "Amerike un ikh" ("America and I") (United States)
* Yirmiyohu Hesheles, "Lider" ("Poems")
* L. Kusman, a new book of poems
* I. M. Levin, a new book of poems
* M. K. Likhtshteyn, a new book of poems
* Nosn Mark, a new book of poems
* Leyb Olitsky, a new book of poems
* Efroyim Oyerbakh, "Der step vakht" ("The Steppe Is Awake"), with Hassidic mysticism as an inspiration (United States)
* Nakhmen Raf, a new book of poems
* Eliyohu Reyzman, a new book of poems
* M. Shafir, a new book of poems
* Moyshe Shklar, a new book of poems
* Yaykev Fridman, "Nefilim", drama in the form of a symbolic poem
* Hersh Leyb Yung, a new book of poems


* Manuel Bandeira, "Estrêla da tarde", a selection from previous works (Brazil)
* Ascensio Ferreira, "Catimbó e outros poemas", a collection of three previous books (Brazil)

Awards and honors

* Nobel Prize in Literature: Giorgos Seferis

=United Kingdom=

* Eric Gregory Award: Ian Hamilton, Stewart Conn, Peter Griffith, David Wevill
* Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry: William Plomer

United States

* Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress (later the post would be called "Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress"): Howard Nemerov appointed this year.
* American Academy of Arts and Letters Gold Medal in Poetry, William Carlos Williams
* National Book Award for Poetry: William Stafford, "Traveling Through the Dark"
* Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: William Carlos Williams: "Pictures from Breughel"
* Fellowship of the Academy of American Poets: Ezra Pound and Allen Tate


* Date not known:
** Simon Armitage, English poet [ [http://www.poetryfoundation.org/archive/poet.html?id=81079 Web page titled "Simon Armitage (1963- )"] at the Poetry Foundation website, accessed April 24, 2008]
** Lynn Crosbie, Canadian poet and novelist
** John Kinsella, Australian poet [ [http://www.poetryfoundation.org/archive/poet.html?id=3755 Web page titled "John Kinsella (1963- )"] at the Poetry Foundation website, accessed April 24, 2008]
** Don Paterson, Scottish poet [ [http://www.poetryfoundation.org/archive/poet.html?id=5320 Web page titled "Don Paterson (1963- )"] at the Poetry Foundation website, accessed April 24, 2008]
** Claudia Rankine, American poet born in Jamaica and raised there and in New York City.
** Richard Sanger
** Lutz Seiller, German [Hofmann, Michael, editor, "Twentieth-Century German Poetry: An Anthology", Macmillan/Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2006]


* January 29 — Robert Frost, 88, American poet
* February 11 — Sylvia Plath by suicide
* March 4 — William Carlos Williams, 79
* August 1 — Theodore Roethke, 55, American poet and winner of the 1954 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry
* September 3:
** Christopher Vernon Hassall
** Louis MacNeice, 55, British poet, playwright and producer, of pneumonia
* October 11 — Jean Cocteau, 74, French poet, playwright, novelist, painter, designer, producer and critic
* December 24 — Tristan Tzara, 67, French poet (native of Romania) and a founder of Dadaism

ee also

* Poetry
* List of poetry awards
* List of years in poetry


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