Exhibit (legal)

Exhibit (legal)

An exhibit, in a criminal prosecution or a civil trial, is physical or documentary evidence brought before the jury. The artifact or document itself is presented for the jury's inspection. Examples may include a weapon allegedly used in the crime, an invoice or written contract, a photograph, or a video recording.

The main concept behind correct evidence handling is that the item recovered is the same as that produced in the court room.

The usual term applied to such handling is "chain of custody". The term denotes the links in the handling of the exhibit in question. For example, details of the item, the place, date, time it was recovered, and by whom it was recovered - the first link. The subsequent links in the chain refer to anyone required to handle the exhibit, mainly for identification purposes. The final link is the production of the item in court. This particular level of auditable handling is paramount when dealing with items of a forensic nature, as it reduces the opportunity for the defense to challenge the authenticity of the item.

The chain of custody can be less stringent when dealing with property which has a unique identifying feature like a serial number. In such a case, the physical security becomes the main concern of the person recovering the item. Such security is normally achieved by booking the item into a central evidence room.

The exhibits in any one law case are often labelled Exhibit A, Exhibit B, Exhibit C, etc. to distinguish between them.

Other Uses

In personal injury cases, a legal or medical exhibit is created containing drawings or illustrations of human anatomy with graphic, medically accurate depictions of injuries and surgeries sustained by the plaintiff as a result of an accident or injury. Legal exhibits are commonly used by trial attorneys in personal injury cases to maximize the value of the case, enhance settlement negotiations, increase effectiveness of medical expert testimony and maximize trial presentation. The most common types of personal injury claims are road traffic accidents, accidents at work, tripping accidents, assault claims, accidents in the home, product defect accidents (product liability) and holiday accidents. This also includes medical or dental accidents and wrongful death cases resulting from the negligence of a health care provider.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Exhibit — may refer to:*Exhibit (legal), evidence in physical form brought before the court. *Exhibit (web editing tool), a lightweight structured data publishing framework. *An object or set of objects on show in a museum or gallery, typically in a… …   Wikipedia

  • exhibit — ex·hib·it 1 vt 1: to submit (as a document) to a court or officer in the course of proceedings; also: to present or offer officially or in legal form 2: to present to view or display outwardly ex·hib·i·tor n exhibit 2 n 1 a …   Law dictionary

  • Exhibit — Ex*hib it, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Exhibited}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Exhibiting}.] [L. exhibitus, p. p. of exhibere to hold forth, to tender, exhibit; ex out + habere to have or hold. See {Habit}.] 1. To hold forth or present to view; to produce publicly …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Legal translation — is the translation of texts within the field of law. As law is a culture dependent subject field, legal translation is not a simple task.Only professional translators specialising in legal translation should translate legal documents and… …   Wikipedia

  • exhibit boastfully — index flaunt Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • exhibit hostile intentions — index menace Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • exhibit in visible form — index embody Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • exhibit the differences between — index contrast Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • exhibit — I n. exhibition 1) to mount, organize an exhibit 2) an art; photo; traveling exhibit 3) on exhibit piece of evidence shown in court (legal) 4) exhibit A II v. (B) she exhibited her paintings to the public * * * [ɪg zɪbɪt] organize an exhibit …   Combinatory dictionary

  • exhibit — [[t]ɪgzɪ̱bɪt[/t]] exhibits, exhibiting, exhibited 1) VERB If someone or something shows a particular quality, feeling, or type of behaviour, you can say that they exhibit it. [FORMAL] [V n] He has exhibited symptoms of anxiety and overwhelming… …   English dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”