List of people assassinated in Africa

List of people assassinated in Africa

This is an incomplete list of people who have been assassinated, or murdered in Africa.TOCright

Assassinations in Africa


* 117 BC – Hiempsal, co-ruler of Numidia
* 1942 – François Darlan, senior figure of Vichy France
* 1957 – Maurice Audin, communist mathematician
* 1963 – Mohamed Khemisti, Algerian foreign minister
* 1987 – Mustafa Bouyali, Islamic fundamentalist
* 1992 – Mohamed Boudiaf, President of Algeria
* 1993 – Youcef Sebti, poet
* 1993 – Kasdi Merbah, former Prime Minister of Algeria
* 1994 – Abdelkader Alloula, playwright
* 1994 – Cheb Hasni, singer
* 1998 – Lounès Matoub, singer
* 1999 – Abdelkader Hachani, Islamic fundamentalist

Burkina Faso

* 1987 – Thomas Sankara, Head of State of Burkina Faso
* 1991 – Clément Oumarou Ouédraogo, opposition


* 1961 – Louis Rwagasore, Prime Minister of Burundi
* 1965 – Pierre Ngendandumwe, Prime Minister of Burundi
* 1965 – Joseph Bamina, Prime Minister of Burundi
* 1975 – Ntare V, dethroned King of Burundi (disputed circumstances)
* 1993 – Melchior Ndadaye, President of Burundi
* 2001 – Kassi Manlan, World Health Organisation representative


* 1958 - Ruben Um Nyobe, leader of the Cameroon's People Union (UPC)


* 1975 – François Tombalbaye, President of Chad


* 1978 – Ali Soilih, former President of Comoros
* 1989 – Ahmed Abdallah, President of Comoros

Congo (Brazzaville)

* 1977 – Marien Ngouabi, President of the Congo
* 1977 – Émile Biayenda, Archbishop of Brazzaville
* 1988 – Pierre Anga, rebel leader

Congo (Kinshasa)

* 1961 – Patrice Lumumba, former Prime Minister of the Congo
* 1961 – Maurice Mpolo, Lumumba associate
* 1961 – Joseph Okito, Lumumba associate
* 2001 – Laurent Kabila, President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Ivory Coast

* 2002 – Robert Guéi, former President of Côte d'Ivoire
* 2002 – Émile Boga Doudou, interior minister
* 2003 – Muhammad Ahmad al-Rashid, Saudi ambassador


*Pompey the Great, (48 BC), Roman politician killed in Egypt
*Germanicus, (19), Roman military leader, poisoned in Alexandria by Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso under orders from Tiberius
*Al-Afdal Shahanshah, (1121), vizier of Fatimid Egypt
*Al-Amir, (1130), last Fatimid Caliph
*Qutuz, (1260), Mamluk sultan of Egypt
*Khalil, (1293), Mamluk sultan of Egypt
*Jean Baptiste Kléber, (1800) French general, in Cairo.
*Boutros Ghali, (1910), Prime Minister of Egypt, by Ibrahim El-Wardan
*Sir Lee Stack, (1924), governor-general of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, in Cairo
*Walter Edward Guinness, Lord Moyne, (1944), the UK's Minister Resident in the Middle East; killed in Cairo by the Stern Gang
*Ahmed Maher Pasha, (1945), Prime Minister of Egypt, in Cairo by Mahmud Issawy
*Mahmud Fahmi Nokrashi, (1948), Prime Minister of Egypt, by a member of the Muslim Brotherhood
*Hassan al-Banna, (1949), founder of the Muslim Brotherhood
*Anwar Sadat, (1981), President of Egypt
*Rifaat al-Mahgoub, (1990), speaker of Egyptian parliament
*Farag Foda, (1992), Egyptian politician and intellectual

Equatorial Guinea

*Atanasio Ndongo Miyone, Saturnino Ibongo, Bonifacio Ondó Edu, Armando Balboa, Pastor Torao and many others, (1969), Equatorial Guinean politicians, in murderous crackdown after coup attempt against President Francisco Macías Nguema


*Tilahun Gizaw, (1969), Ethiopian student leader

The Gambia

*Deyda Hydara, (2004), journalist


*Amílcar Cabral, (1973), Pan-African intellectual, in Conakry, Guinea


*Pio Gama Pinto, (1965), socialist politician
*Tom Mboya, (1969), Kenyan politician
*Josiah Kariuki, (1975), Kenyan politician
*Lawrence Otieno Muga (1987) A politician & Teacher in Kasipul Kabondo
*Robert Ouko, (1990), foreign minister of Kenya
*John Kaiser, (2000), missionary (officially recorded as a suicide)
*Starlin Arush, (2002), Somali Peace Activist and INGO Worker
*Odhiambo Mbadi,(2005) Kenyan Constitution Review Commissioner


*William R. Tolbert, Jr., (1980), president of Liberia killed in military coup
*Samuel Doe, (1990), president of Liberia


*Radama II of Madagascar, (1863), king of Madagascar.
*Richard Ratsimandrava, (1975), president of Madagascar killed just days after taking power in military coup


*Eduardo Mondlane, (1969), leader of the independantist FRELIMO movement, allegedly killed by the Portuguese branch of Gladio.
*Carlos Cardoso, (2000), Mozambican journalist


*Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, (1999), President of Niger


*Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, (1966), Prime Minister of Nigeria killed during military coup
*Alhaji Sir Ahmadu Bello, (1966)
*Adekunle Fajuyi, (1966)
*Samuel Akintola, (1966)
*Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi, (1966), military head of state
*Murtala Ramat Mohammed, (1976), President of Nigeria
*Dele Giwa, (1986), journalist
*Ken Saro-Wiwa, (1995), activist
*Bola Ige, (2001), justice minister of Nigeria


*Dian Fossey, (1985), primatologist, in the province of Ruhengeri; assassination probably planned by Protais Zigiranyirazo
*Agathe Uwilingiyimana, (1994), Prime Minister of Rwanda killed one day after genocide began
*Juvénal Habyarimana, (1994), His plane was shot out of the sky as it approached Kigali airport, and signalled the start of the Rwandan Genocide.


*Abdirashid Ali Shermarke, (1969), president of Somalia
*George Adamson, (1989), British naturalist, at Kora

outh Africa

*Shaka, (1828), king of the Zulus, near Stanger (now KwaDukuza) by his brothers Dingane and Umthlangana, with the help of Mbopa
*Umthlangana, (1828), Zulu prince, stabbed to death by Dingane shortly after Shaka's assassination
*Dingane, (1840), king of the Zulus, stabbed to death while on a military expedition in the Hlatikhulu Forest by Zulu Nyawo, Sambane and Nondawana
*Hendrik Verwoerd, (1966), Prime Minister of South Africa, stabbed in parliament by Dimitri Tsafendas
*Onkgopotse Tiro, (1974), South African student leader
*Ruth First, (1982), anti-apartheid scholar and wife of Communist party leader Joe Slovo, by pro-apartheid "Koevoet" leader Craig Williamson
*Vernon Nkadimeng, (1985), South African dissident
*Dulcie September, (1988), head of the African National Congress in Paris, by South African Defense Force sergeant Joseph Klue
*David Webster, (1989), Social anthropologist and anti-Apartheid activist
*Chris Hani, (1993), leader of the South African Communist Party
*Johan Heyns, (1994), prominent leader in the Dutch Reformed Church


*Cleo Noel Jr, US Chief of Mission to Sudan, shot by Black September terrorists (see 1973 Khartoum diplomatic assassinations)
*George Curtis Moore, US Deputy Chief of Mission to Sudan, shot by Black September terrorists (see 1973 Khartoum diplomatic assassinations)
*Guy Eid, Belgian Chargé d'affaires to Sudan, shot by Black September terrorists (see 1973 Khartoum diplomatic assassinations)
*John Granville, diplomat for the United States Agency for International Development, New Years 2008.


*Abeid Karume, (1972), first President of Zanzibar, First Vice President of Tanzania


*Sylvanus Olympio, (1963), first president of independent Togo, in a coup led by dictator Gnassingbé Eyadéma
*Tavio Amorin, (1992), socialist leader (shot in Lomé, died in Paris)


*Khalil Wazir ("Abu Jihad"), (1988), military leader of the PLO, in Tunis
*Salah Khalaf ("Abu Iyad"), (1991), deputy leader of the PLO killed by Abu Nidal terrorists in Tunis, Tunisia


*Benedicto Kiwanuka, (1972), Chief Justice of Uganda
*Janani Luwum, (1977), Archbishop of Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Boga-Zaire from 1974 until 1977


*Herbert Chitepo, (1975), Zimbabwean nationalist leader


*Attati Mpakati, (1983), left-wing Malawian politician

Related articles and lists

*List of people who survived assassination attempts
*List of assassinations by car bombing
*List of assassins, assassin, terrorist
*List of assassinated anticolonialist leaders

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