Russian Naval Aviation

Russian Naval Aviation

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name = Авиация Военно-морского флота
"Aviatsiya Voenno-morskogo Flota"
Russian Naval Aviation


caption =
dates = since 1912
country = Russian Federation (previously the Soviet Union and Russian Empire)
branch = Russian Navy
type = Naval aviation
role =
size =
command_structure =
current_commander = Lieutenant-General Yuriy Antipov
identification_symbol =
identification_symbol_label = Roundel
motto =
colors =
march =
mascot =
battles =
notable_commanders =
anniversaries =

The Russian Naval Aviation (Russian: Авиация Военно-морского флота России - "Aviatsiya Voenno-morskogo Flota Rossii") (formerly the Soviet "Aviatsiya Voenno Morskogo Flota"), is the air arm of the Russian Navy. The Russian Navy is divided into four fleets: Northern Fleet, Pacific Ocean Fleet, Baltic Fleet and Black Sea Fleet.

The air forces of the most important fleets, the Northern and Pacific fleets, operate Tu-22M3 "Backfire-C" supersonic missile carriers, long range Tu-142 "Bear-F" anti-submarine warfare aircraft and Il-38 "May" medium range ASW aircraft. The relatively small fleets, the Baltic and Black Sea, currently have only tactical Su-24 "Fencer C/D" bombers and ASW helicopters in service. The small Caspian Flotilla operates An-26 and Mi-8 transports, Ka-27PS rescue helicopters, as well as some Ka-29 and Mi-24 armed helicopters. The Chief of the Russian Naval Aviation is Lieutenant-General Yuriy Antipov.

Components

The Russian Naval Aviation consists of the following components:
*Naval missile-carrying aviation;
*Shore-based ASW aviation;
*Attack ("Shturmovik") Aviation;
*Shore-based fighter aviation;
*Reconnaissance aviation;
*Shipborne aviation (fighters and ASW aircraft);
*Auxiliary air units.

Structure

This is the structure of the Russian Naval Aviation, as reproduced from the August 2007 issue of the Air Forces Monthly.

Northern Fleet - HQ Severomorsk
*924th Separate Maritime Reconnaissance Aviation Regiment - HQ at Olenegorsk/Olenya - Tu-22M3;
*279th Shipborne Fighter Aviation Regiment - HQ at Severomorsk-3 - Su-25UTG, Su-33;
*73rd Independent Air Squadron - HQ at Kipelovo (Fedotovo) - Tu-142MK, Tu-142MR;
*403rd Separate Mixed Aviation Regiment - HQ at Severomorsk-1 - An-12, An-26, Il-38, Tu-134;
*830th Separate Shipborne Anti-Submarine Helicopter Regiment - HQ at Severomorsk-1 - Ka-27;

Pacific Ocean Fleet - HQ Vladivostok
*568th Independent Composite Aviation Regiment - HQ at Mongokhto - operating Tu-22M3, Tu-142MR/MZ;
*865th Interceptor Aviation Regiment - HQ at Yelizovo-Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Airport) - MiG-31;
*317th Composite Air Regiment - HQ at Yelizovo - Tu-142;
*71st Independent MIlitary Transport Air Squadron - HQ at Nikolayevka, Primorskaya - An-12, An-24, An-26;
*175th Independent Shipborne Anti-submarine Helicopter Squadron - HQ at Yelizovo - Ka-27;
*289th Independent Anti-submarine Air Regiment - HQ at Nikolayevka - Il-38, Ka-27, Ka-29;

Baltic Fleet - HQ Kaliningrad
*689th Independent Fighter Aviation Regiment - Kaliningrad Chkalovsk - operating Su-27;
*4th Independent Naval Assault Aviation Regiment - Chernyakhovsk Air Base - operating Su-24M/MR;
*125th Independent Helicopter Squadron - HQ at Chkalovsk - operating Mi-8, Mi-24;
*396th Independent Shipborne Anti-Submarine Helicopter Squadron - Donskoye Air Base - Ka-27/PS, Ka-29;
*398th Independent Air Transport Squadron - HQ at Khrabrovo - An-2, An-12, An-24, An-26, Be-12, Mi-8.

Black Sea Fleet - HQ Sevastopol "(Ukraine)"
*872nd Independent Anti-submarine Helicopter Regiment - HQ at Kacha - Ka-27;
*917th Independent Composite Air Regiment - HQ at Kacha - An-2, An-12, An-26, Be-12, Mi-8;
*43rd Independent Naval "Shturmovik" (Assault) Air Squadron - HQ at Gvardeyskoye - Su-25;

Aircraft inventory

Standard table|0! style="text-align: left; background: #aacccc;"|Aircraft! style="text-align: left; background: #aacccc;"|Origin! style="text-align: left; background: #aacccc;"|Type! style="text-align: left; background: #aacccc;"|Versions! style="text-align: left; background: #aacccc;"|In service [ [http://warfare.ru/?lang=&catid=241&linkid=2180 "State of the Russian Air Force"] , warfare.ru. Retrieved on September 9 2008.] ! style="text-align: left; background: #aacccc;"|Notes
-! style="align: center; background: lavender;" colspan="7" | Fighter Aircraft
-----
Sukhoi Su-27 Flanker
USSR
fighter
Su-27
28|
-----
Sukhoi Su-33 Flanker-D
USSR
fighter
Su-33
23
designed for service on the Russian aircraft carrier Admiral KuznetsovAir Forces Monthly, p. 70]
-----
Mikoyan MiG-31 Foxhound
USSR
interceptor
MiG-31
30|
-----! style="align: center; background: lavender;" colspan="7" | Bomber Aircraft
-----
Sukhoi Su-24 Fencer
USSR
attack
Su-24M
58
planned modernization to reach M2 level.
-----
Su-25 Frogfoot
USSR
attack
Su-25UTG
10
used for training pilots to fly the Su-33 fighter.Air Forces Monthly, p. 68]
-----
Tupolev Tu-22M Backfire
USSR
strategic bomber
Tu-22M3
50
35 operational with the Northern Fleet and 15 operational with the Pacific Fleet.Air Forces Monthly, p. 65]
-----! style="align: center; background: lavender;" colspan="7" | ASW Aircraft
-----
Tupolev Tu-142 "Bear-F"
USSR
long range ASW
Tu-142MK/MZ
16
8 MKs in the Northern Fleet and 8 MZs in the Pacific Fleet.
-----
Il-38 "May"
USSR
medium range ASW
Il-38
26
11 in service with the Northern Fleet, 15 with the Pacific Fleet.Air Forces Monthly, p. 69]
-----! style="align: center; background: lavender;" colspan="7" | Reconnaissance
-----
Sukhoi Su-24MR Fencer
USSR
reconnaissance
Su-24MR
20

-----! style="align: center; background: lavender;" colspan="7" | Attack Helicopter
-----
Mil Mi-24 Hind
USSR
attack helicopter
Mi-24
20

-----! style="align: center; background: lavender;" colspan="7" | Transport Helicopter
-----
Mil Mi-8 Hip
USSR
transport helicopter
Mi-8
35|
-----! style="align: center; background: lavender;" colspan="7" | ASW Helicopter
-----
Kamov Ka-27 Helix
USSR
ASW helicopter
Ka-27/29/32
88
72 used for ASW, while the rest of 16 used for transport. [http://warfare.ru/?linkid=1630&catid=260 Ka-27/29/32 Helix Naval helicopter] , warfare.ru. Retrieved on September 9 2008.]
-----
Mil Mi-14 Haze
USSR
ASW Helicopter
Mi-14
9
5 used for search-and-rescue, while the other 4 are used for ASW. [ [http://warfare.ru/?linkid=1635&catid=260 Mil Mi-14 Haze] , warfare.ru. Retrieved on September 9 2008.]

Notes

References

*Butowski, Piotr. "Force Report:Russian Air Force", Air Forces Monthly, August 2007 issue.
* [http://warfare.ru/?lang=&catid=241&linkid=2180 "State of the Russian Air Force"] warfare.ru, Russian Military Analisis.Template group
list =


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