- Motion camouflage
Motion camouflage is a dynamic type of camouflage by which an object can approach a target while appearing to remain stationary from the perspective of the target. The attacking object simply remains on the line between the target and some landmark point, so it seems to stay near the landmark point from the target's perspective. The only visible evidence that the attacker is moving would be its angle and its looming, the change in size as the attacker approaches. First discovered in certain flies, it has been suggested that missiles could use similar techniques to slow the response times of targets.
Motion camouflage was discovered by Srinivasan and Davey in 1995 who were studying mating behavior in hoverflies. The male hoverfly appeared to be using the tracking technique to approach prospective mates. Motion camouflage has also been observed in territorial battles between dragonflies, where researchers indicated that 6 of 15 encounters involved motion camouflage.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.