International Baccalaureate Organization
- International Baccalaureate Organization
:"This article refers to the organisation based in Geneva, Switzerland. For information about the French baccalauréat programme or the "option internationale du baccalauréat" (a.k.a French international baccalaureat) examination, see this article."
The International Baccalaureate (IB), formerly the International Baccalaureate Organisation (the name and logo were changed in 2007) is an international non-profit educational foundation, founded in 1968 in Geneva, Switzerland.
[cite web |url=http://www.ibo.org/who/ |title=Overview of the International Baccalaureate Organization |accessdate=2006-12-07] The organisation administers three programmes for elementary, middle, and high schools which provide the schools with an international curriculum intended to be acceptable to universities around the world. As part of its curriculum, the IBO is an NGO of the United Nations and is a signatory to UNESCO's Peace Education plan whereby it has agreed to incorporate aspects of said plan into every IB subject. [http://www3.unesco.org/iycp/Report/IBO.pdf] ]
Note that "International Baccalaureate Programme", or simply "International Baccalaureate", is a common misnomer used to refer to one of these programmes (most frequently the IB Diploma Programme). High schools often advertise that they offer the “International Baccalaureate Programme,” in which case it is obvious that they are referring to the DP as it is the only one of the three programmes intended for students of senior high school age.
The set of educational programmes managed by the IBO is intended for students aged 3 to 19.
[cite web |url=http://www.ibo.org |title=International Baccalaureate Organization (home page) |accessdate=2006-12-19] These programmes provide schools with curricula that are broadly applicable worldwide. The three IB programmes are the following:]
* IB Primary Years Programme
[cite web |url=http://www.ibo.org/pyp/ |title=International Baccalaureate Primary Years Programme |accessdate=2007-05-08] (PYP) for pupils aged 3 to 12]
* IB Middle Years Programme
[cite web |url=http://www.ibo.org/myp/ |title=International Baccalaureate Middle Years Programme |accessdate=2007-05-08] (MYP) for pupils aged 11 to 16]
* IB Diploma Programme
[cite web |url=http://www.ibo.org/diploma/ |title=International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme |accessdate=2007-05-08] (DP) for pupils aged 16 to 19.]
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