- List of rivers of Beleriand
Beleriand, a location from J. R. R. Tolkien's legendarium, contains many rivers. Most are described below.
;Adurant: The sixth and most southerly tributary of Gelion, the others being Ascar, Thalos, Legolin, Brilthor and Duilwen. It was the last of the seven rivers that defined
:The name means "double stream" in
Ilkorin, referring to a parting of the river about the isle of Tol Galen, and many more along its path due to its slow current.
;Aros: The southern river of
Doriathand northern tributary of Sirion. It rose in the northern lands around Himringand met Sirion in the south-west at Aelin-uial. It formed the southern border of the Kingdom of Doriath.
;Ascar: A river in
Ossiriand. The name means "rushing, impetuous". It was the northern-most tributary of Gelion, and the second river of Ossiriand. After the Sack of Doriathby Dwarves, Beren Erchamionfought and killed the looters there. Doriath's treasure was lost in Ascar, and it was renamed "Rathlóriel" ('Goldenbed').
;Brithon: A minor river of the
Falas. Its name is North Sindarin, probably meaning "pebbly".
;Brilthor: A tributary of Gelion. It was the fifth from the north of the seven rivers that defined
;Celebros: A tributary of Taeglin that flowed past
Brethilforest. Glaurungwas slain by Túrinnear where this river met Taeglin, and NienorNíniel committed suicide by jumping in it.
;Celon: Flowed by
Nan Elmothin East Beleriand. It met up with the river Aros later in its course, eventually flowing into Sirion.
;Duilwen: A tributary of Gelion. It was the sixth from the north of the seven rivers that defined
;Esgalduin: The main river of
Doriath. Doriathrinfor "River under Veil", the Esgalduin flowed from the hills of Dorthonionthrough Doriath past the caves of Menegroth, finally meeting up with the River Sirion.
:The Esgalduin had two unnamed upper branches of its own in
Ered Gorgoroth. One ran along the border between Dor Dínenand Nan Dungortheb, and the other ran west for about 20 miles from the mountains into Nan Dungortheb and further south-east until merging with the first.
;Gelion: The principal river of
East Beleriand. Its two sources were the Hill of Himring, via the Little Gelion, and the Ered Luin, via the Greater Gelion. It then passed south, dividing Estoladto the west from Thargelion to the east, then was crossed by the old dwarf-road at Sarn Athrad ("Ford of Stones"). It then passed into Ossiriand, the Land of Seven Rivers, where it was fed by rivers Ascar, Thalos, Legolin, Brilthor, Duilwen, and Adurant, all rising in the Ered Luin.
:Gelion then passed by Tuar-im-Duinath (the Forest between the Rivers) and emptied into the Great Sea
:Late in his life, Tolkien apparently decided to change the name "Gelion", as it did not fit the pattern of
Sindarin. The possible replacements he recorded were "Gelduin", "Gevilon", "Gevelon", "Duin Daer", and "Duin Dhaer".ME-ref|The War of the Jewels|pp. 191, 336]
;Ginglith: A tributary of Narog. It had its wells in the woods of
Núath, under the near the Ered Wethrinin northern West Beleriand. After passing by the lands of Tumhalad it met the Narog about 50 Númenóreanmiles north of Nargothrond.
;Glithui: A northern tributary to Taeglin.
;Legolin: A tributary of Gelion. It was the fourth from the north of the seven rivers that defined
;Lithir: A tributary of Sirion that joined it just to the south of the Pass of Sirion. The sources of Lithir were in
;Malduin: A northern tributary to Taeglin.
;Mindeb: A northern tributary of Sirion. It began in the
Ered Gorgorothnear the Pass of Anach, and was met by an unnamed tributary coming from the Crissaegrim. It formed the boundary between Dimbarand Nan Durgotheb.
:It formed the western border of the forest of Neldoreth in
Doriathand was part of the Girdle of Melian. It is mentioned in Quenta Silmarillionchapter 14.
;Narog: The chief river of West
Beleriand. The Narog rose from the Pools of Ivrin in the Ered Wethrin, flowed south and then southeast, flowing through a gorge in a series of rapids where it crossed the hills of the Andram or Long Wall, finally meeting Sirion in the Land of Willows Nan-tathren, not far above the Mouths of Sirion. Narog's tributaries were the Ginglith in the north and the Ringwil in the Taur-en-Faroth.
:Into its western bank, just south of where Ringwil rushed into Narog, was carved the city of
Nargothrond, stronghold of Finrod Felagund.
:During his time in
Nargothrond, Túrin Turambarpersuaded Orodrethto build a bridge over Narog. He did, but it resulted in the downfall of Nargothrond as it provided a way for the dragon Glaurungto reach the city.
;Nen Lalaith: A stream of
Dor-lóminthat rose near Amon Darthirin Ered Wethrinand ran past Húrin's house.
;Nenning: A river of the
Falas. Its wells were in the hills lying north-west in West Beleriandsouth of the Ered Wethrin, near the Woods of Núath. It ran to the bay of Eglarestwhere it met the sea Belegaer.
;Rathlóriel: "See Ascar."
;Ringwil: A tributary of Narog. It began in the hills about
Nargothrond, and flowed north of the hidden city.
:Where it met the Narog a secret door was built, which was used by
Lúthiento escape from Nargothrond when Celegormand Curufinheld her prisoner.
;Rivil: A tributary of Sirion. It began in
Dorthonion, and then flowed north-west until it met with Sirionin the Fens of Serech.
:The river is mentioned twice in "
The Silmarillion". The first mention is in the chapter concerning Berenand Lúthien. Rivil's Well was where a camp was made by the Orcs that had killed Barahir, father of Beren. Beren attacked them there, taking back the Ring of Barahirbefore escaping again.
:The second mention is in the chapter concerning the
Nírnaeth Arnoediad, where the valiant retreat of Húrinand Huoris described thus: "...foot by foot they withdrew, until they came behind the Fen of Serech, and had the stream of Rivil before them. There they stood and gave way no more."
;Sirion: The principal river of Beleriand. See main article.
;Taeglin: A tributary of Sirion. It rose in the southern reaches of the
Ered Wethrin, ran generally southeast, receiving the waters of Glithui and Malduin, then passed along the southern margin of the Forest of Brethil, where it ran through a gorge named " Cabed-en-Aras" and then received the Celebros. The Taeglin then ran eastward into Sirion at the borders of Doriath.
:An important ford on the river was the Crossings of Teiglin, near the western border of Brethil. A road ran through it from
Nargothrondto Minas Tirith. Minor tributaries were Celebros and Malduin. The river's banks near Celebros was the scene of the encounter between Túrin Turambarand the dragon Glaurung.
:In the published "
Silmarillion" and early writings, the river was called Teiglin. As revealed in " The History of Middle-earth", the rivername should actually have been spelt "Taeglin". This was a relatively late change which was not adopted by Christopher Tolkienfor the published "Silmarillion".
;Thalos: A tributary of Gelion. It was the third from the north of the seven rivers that defined
Ossiriand. Thalos sprang from the Ered Luinand at its springs Finrodmet the first Mento enter Beleriand.
References and notes
Most of the information can be found in "
The Silmarillion" throughout, particularly chapter 14 "Of Beleriand and Its Realms". Some information comes from " Unfinished Tales" and " The History of Middle-earth" series.
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