Knitted fabric

Knitted fabric

Knitted fabrics are the third major class of fabric, after woven and nonwoven fabrics.

Elasticity, thickness and warmth

Compared to the other two classes, knitted fabrics are much more elastic, which accounts for their historical use in stockings and other clothing that requires changes in shape. Hence, dresses and lingerie made from knitted fabrics can be more form-fitting than counterparts made from a woven fabric. Knited fabrics can stretch from 0 to 500%, depending on their material and knitting pattern. Lace knitting generally produces the most flexible fabric, since it has large holes that can deform in shape; by contrast, cable knitting generally produces the least flexible fabric, since the stitches are crossed under tension, which inhibits deformation. Knitted fabrics that do not deform much are called "stable knits". For comparison, woven fabrics typically deform only along their bias direction — i.e., at 45° to the warp and weft directions — and only by a small amount; however, a woven fabric made with a stretchable material such as Lycra may deform more than a stable knit.

The elasticity of knitted fabrics gives them an excellent drape, but this is opposed somewhat by their generally greater thickness compared to wovens. Thus, the "turn of the cloth" (i.e., the maximum curvature of a fold of the fabric) is generally finer in woven fabrics than in knitted fabrics. For this reason, knitted fabrics resist wrinkles better than wovens, but do not generally take a crease. Knitted fabrics are generally warmer and more comfortable than woven fabrics, which is why they are worn closer to the body. Moreover, knitted fabrics are often made from wool, which stays warm even when wet; wool is preferred since it is more elastic than most fibers and produces more even, beautiful knits. In general, elasticity and warmth are opposing qualities in a knitted fabric, since the most elastic knitted fabrics, such as lace, have the largest holes and are thus less insulating.

tructure of knitted fabrics

Knitted fabrics are divided into two basic types: warp-knit fabrics such as tricot and weft-knit fabrics such as a hand-knit sweater. Weft-knit items have the drawback that they "run" when cut. Warp-knit fabrics are often used in lingerie.

* knits shrink
* knits have nap
* ribs/wales versus courses
* generally more elasticity along the course than along the wale

Knitting stitches

Over the long history of knitting across the world, hundreds of different knitting stitches have been created.

The basic building blocks of all hand knitting are the following stitches: knit, purl, cast on, cast off, increase and decrease stitches. Use of a combination of these methods can provide a vast number of different textures to knitted fabrics.

In order to save space in knitting patterns, the names of stitches are normally abbreviated Knitting abbreviations.

Composition of knitted fabrics

tyles of knitted fabrics

* Boiled wool
* Bunting
* Double knits
* Four-way stretch knits
* Interlock knits
* Jersey
* Milanese
* Power net
* Raschel knits
* Rib knits
* Single knits
* Stable knits
* Stretch knits
* Stretch velour
* Sweater knits
* Sweatshirt knits
* Tricot
* Two-way stretch knits

History of knitwear

Coco Chanel's 1916 use of jersey in her hugely influential suits was a turning point for knitwear, which became associated with the liberated woman.Vargas, Whitney. "Knitting Circle." "Elle" (Sept 2007): p192.] Shortly afterwards, Jean Patou's cubist-inspired, color-blocked knits were the sportswear of choice.

In the 1940s came the iconic wearing of body-skimming sweaters by sex symbols like Lana Turner and Jane Russell, though the 1950s were dominated by conservative popcorn knits. The swinging 1960s were famously manifested in Missoni's colorful zigzag knitwear. This era also saw the rise both of Sonia Rykiel, dubbed the "Queen of Knitwear" for her vibrant striped sweaters and her clingy dresses, and of Kennedy-inspired preppy sweaters.

In the 1980s, knitwear emerged from the realm of sportswear to dominate high fashion; notable designs included Romeo Gigli's "haute-bohemian cocoon coats" and Ralph Lauren's floor-length cashmere turtlenecks.

Contemporary knitwear designers include Diane von Furstenberg [ [ Designer Von Furstenberg sues Target over dress | U.S. | Reuters ] ] and James Perse.



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fabric structure — Fabric structures are architecturally innovative forms of constructed fibers that provide end users a variety of aesthetic free form building designs. Custom made fabric structures are engineered and fabricated to meet worldwide structural, flame …   Wikipedia

  • fabric — noun 1 cloth ADJECTIVE ▪ beautiful, luxurious, rich ▪ rich fabric wall coverings ▪ delicate, fine, light, lightweight …   Collocations dictionary

  • fabric — /ˈfæbrɪk / (say fabrik) noun 1. a cloth made by weaving, knitting, or felting fibres: woollen fabrics. 2. the texture of the woven, knitted, or felted material: cloths of different fabric. 3. framework; structure: fabric of society. 4. a… …  

  • fabric — /fab rik/, n. 1. a cloth made by weaving, knitting, or felting fibers: woolen fabrics. 2. the texture of the woven, knitted, or felted material: cloth of a soft, pliant fabric. 3. framework; structure: the fabric of society. 4. a building;… …   Universalium

  • Knitted — Knit Knit (n[i^]t), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Knit} or {Knitted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Knitting}.] [OE. knitten, knutten, As. cnyttan, fr. cnotta knot; akin to Icel. kn[=y]ta, Sw. knyta, Dan. knytte. See {Knot}.] 1. To form into a knot, or into knots; to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • knitted — adj. Knitted is used with these nouns: ↑fabric, ↑garment, ↑jumper, ↑pullover, ↑scarf, ↑shawl, ↑sweater …   Collocations dictionary

  • knitted — knit·ted || nɪtɪd adj. interlocked, woven together, joined; made by knitting (of a sweater, etc.) nɪt n. knit fabric; knit clothing v. weave by joining loops of yarn or thread; stitch together; fold; be stitched together; be united; be… …   English contemporary dictionary

  • knitted dress — n. dress made out of knit fabric …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Basic knitted fabrics — A few types of knitted fabric are so fundamental, that they have been adopted as part of the language of knitting, similar to techniques such as yarn over or decrease. Examples include stockinette stitch, reverse stockinette stitch, garter stitch …   Wikipedia

  • Jersey (fabric) — For other uses, see Jersey (disambiguation). Jersey is a knit fabric used predominantly for clothing manufacture. It was originally made of wool, but is now made of wool, cotton, and synthetic fibres. Since medieval times Jersey, Channel Islands …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”