Henry Nottidge Moseley

Henry Nottidge Moseley

Henry Nottidge Moseley (14 november 1844 - 10 november 1891) was a British naturalist. He went on the expedition of HMS "Challenger" 1872-1876. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1879.

He studied at Harrow, Oxford (Arts) and the University of London (medicine). He married Amabel Gwyn Jeffreys in 1881 and had a son the British physicist Henry Gwyn Jeffreys Moseley.

He participated as naturalist in expeditions to Ceylon, and to California and Oregon, and most notably the 1872-76 HMS Challenger expedition which covered over 120 000 km. He began to work at the University of London in 1879 and obtained the Linacre chair of human and comparative anatomy at the University of Oxford in 1881. He was a significant influence on his students Halford Mackinder ["Sir Halford Mackinder, 1861 - 1947: Some New Perspectives", by Brian Blouet, Research Paper 13, School of Geography, University of Oxford 1975] and Walter Garstang, who changed his career choice from medicine to zoology under Moseley's direction. He obtained the Royal Society's Royal Medal in 1887.

His publications include :
* "On Oregon" (1878).
* "On the Structure of the Sylasteridae" (1878).
* "Notes by a Naturalist on the Challenger" (1879).

He studied invertebrates and the phylogeny of arthropods, coral and molluscs.

Moseley is commemorated in the binomial of the Northern Rockhopper Penguin "Eudyptes moseleyi".


* Allen G. Debus (ed.) (1968). "World Who’s Who in Science. A Biographical Dictionary of Notable Scientists from Antiquity to the Present." Marquis-Who’s Who (Chicago) : xvi + 1855 p.

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