Screw (simple machine)

Screw (simple machine)

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of the machine. More threading increases the mechanical advantage. A rough comparison of mechanical advantage can be done by taking the circumference of the shaft of the screw and divide by the distance between the threads.

A screw is a shaft with a helical groove or thread formed on its surface and provision at one end to turn the screw. Its main uses are as a threaded fastener used to hold objects together, and as a simple machine used to translate torque into linear force. It can also be defined as an inclined plane wrapped around a shaft. Screws come in a variety of shapes and sizes for different purposes.

Mechanical advantage

The mechanical advantage of a screw without using a screwdriver is:

*P = Pitch of screw (The distance between two adjacent screw threads is called the pitch.)
*C = Circumference of the head MA = C / P.

The same formula can be used when using a screwdriver, but with:

*C = Circumference of the screwdriver handle.


* Lead screw and ball screw are specialized screws for translating rotational to linear motion.
* Automated garage door, where a motor drives a long finely threaded shaft at relatively high speed and lifts the heavy door at a slower rate.
* Archimedes' screws and worm gears are examples of this machine.

ee also

* Screw (disambiguation)
* Screw - the threaded fastener
* Archimedes' screw

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • screw — I. noun Etymology: Middle English scrue, from Middle French escroe female screw, nut, from Medieval Latin scrofa, from Latin, sow Date: 15th century 1. a. a simple machine of the inclined plane type consisting of a spirally grooved solid cylinder …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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