- Battle of Suipacha
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Suipacha
Argentine War of Independence
November 7, 1810
result= Republican victory
United Provinces of South America
Antonio González Balcarce Juan José Castelli
José de Córdoba Vicente Nieto
strength1=600 10 field guns
strength2=800 4 field guns
The Battle of Suipacha was fought on
7 November, 1810in Boliviaduring the Bolivian War of Independencebetween the Spanish colonial army and the Republican forces sent by the Primera Juntafrom Buenos Aires. At the time Bolivia was known as Upper Peru("Alto Perú"). It was the first decisive defeat of the Spanish (Royalists) by Republican forces. The battle took place convert|25|km|mi|0|abbr=on from Tupiza, near the small town of Suipacha, on the margin of the Suipacha river in the Sud Chichasprovince ( Potosí Departmentin Bolivia.
An earlier rebellion in Upper Peru had been crushed by Spanish forces under the command of Generals Nieto and
José de Córdoba, leaving the region firmly under Spanish control. In reaction, the Republicans sent an expeditionary army, led by Antonio González Balcarce, to Alto Perú with the mission to conduct a reconnaissance of the region. Departing from Buenos Aires, its ranks swelled in route as volunteers joined the march. Among these was a group of gauchos lead by Martín Miguel de Güemes, who would go on to play a key role in the southern revolution. By the time the expedition reached Upper Peru, it was 600 men strong with 10 field pieces.
After an earlier action at Cotagaita on 27 October in which they were repulsed, Republican forces withdrew and occupied a position on the southern bank of the Suipacha River. Having received reinforcements, the Royalists attacked this position with 800 men, but were beaten when the Republicans counter-attacked their left flank. Subsequently the Republicans were able to attack the Royalists camp and force a general withdrawal. The Republican army then continued to advance north to the river Desaguadero.
The victory at Suipacha had a strong effect on morale, which was shown in the celebrations in
Potosíon November 10 and in Buenos Aires where the Junta authorized all the combatants to wear an arm band with the inscription "La patria a los vencedores de Tupiza" ("the motherland to the victors at Tupiza").
*es icon [http://www.camdipsalta.gov.ar/INFSALTA/suipacha.htm Historia of Salta]
*es icon [http://www.historiadelpais.com.ar/castelli_peru.htm#SUIPACHA Castelli in Upper Peru]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.