Angevin (IPAEng|ˈændʒəvɪn) (French, from
Old French, from Medieval LatinAndegavinus, from Andegavia, Anjou, France) is the name applied to the residents of Anjou, a former province of the Kingdom of France, as well as to the residents of Angers.
It is also applied to three distinct medieval dynasties which originated as
counts (from 1360, dukes) of the western French province of Anjou, of which "angevin" is the adjectival form, but later came to rule far greater areas including England, Ireland, Hungary, Croatia, Poland, Naples and Sicily, Albania, and Jerusalem.
The First Angevin Dynasty (1128-1485), also called the
House of Plantagenet, ruled Englandin some form or another from the reign of Henry II, beginning in 1154, until the House of Tudor came to power when Richard III fell at the Battle of Bosworth Fieldin 1485. They also ruled Irelandand laid claim to Jerusalem.
The Second Angevin dynasty (1246-1435) or Senior or Elder House of Anjou was a cadet branch of the
Capetian dynasty, established by Charles, Count of Anjou, the youngest son of Louis VIII of France. In its time, the Capetian House of Anjouruled Naplesand Sicily, Hungaryand Croatia, and Poland.
The Third Angevin Dynasty (1350-1480) or Junior or Younger House of Anjou ruled
Wolfram von Eschenbach's 13th century epic poem Parzival, King Arthurand his father Uther Pendragonappear as members of the junior branch of an imagined 5th century or 6th century House of Anjou.
House of Plantagenetor first Angevin dynasty
Capetian House of Anjouor second Angevin dynasty
Valois House of Anjouor third Angevin dynasty
Armorial of Plantagenet
* List of counts and dukes of Anjou
English claims to the French throne
List of English monarchs
List of Hungarian rulers
List of Polish monarchs
List of monarchs of Naples and Sicily
* List of monarchs of Jerusalem
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