Belarusian Arabic alphabet
- Belarusian Arabic alphabet
The Belarusian Arabic alphabet was based on the Arabic script and was developed in the 16th century (possibly 15th). It consisted of twenty-eight graphemes, including several additions to represent Belarusian sounds not found in Arabic.
The Belarusian Arabic alphabet was used by the Lipka Tatars, who had been invited to settle on Belarusian territories. During the 14th-16th centuries they gradually stopped using their own language and started using the Old Belarusian language rendered in the Belarusian Arabic alphabet. Books of that literary tradition are known as Kitab ( _be. "Кітаб"), which is the Arabic word for "book".
Some Polish texts were also written in the Arabic script, dated not earlier than 17th century. Fact|date=February 2007
* For the sounds IPA| [ʒ] (ж), IPA| [ʧ] (ч) and IPA| [p] (п), which are absent from the Arabic language, the following Persian graphemes were used:
پ چ ژ
* For denoting the soft IPA| [ʣ] (дз) and IPA| [ʦ] (ц) sounds, the following newly-constructed graphemes were used:
These graphemes were used during the 18th-20th centuries. Fact|date=February 2007
* The sounds IPA| [w] (ў) and IPA| [v] (в) were both represented by the same symbol:
rtl- _ar. و
As only consonants were written there does not seem to be equivalents for vowels.
* Д-р Я. Станкевіч. Беларускія мусульмане і беларуская літаратура арабскім пісьмом. [Адбітка з гадавіка Беларускага Навуковага Таварыства, кн. I.] – Вільня : Друкарня Я. Левіна, 1933 ; Менск : Беларускае коопэрацыйна-выдавецкае таварыства ″Адраджэньне″, 1991 [факсімільн.] . – 3-е выд.
* [http://www.pravapis.org/art_kitab1_en.asp Kitabs, the unique highlight of the Belarusian language] at pravapis.org
* Belarusian Latin alphabet
Look at other dictionaries:
Arabic alphabet — Infobox Writing system name=Arabic abjad type=Abjad languages= Arabic, Persian, Kurdish, Baloch, Urdu, Pashto, Sindhi, Malay (limited usage) and others. time=400 CE to the present fam1=Proto Canaanite fam2=Phoenician fam3=Aramaic fam4=Nabataean… … Wikipedia
Belarusian alphabet — Infobox Writing system name = Belarusian alphabet type = Alphabet typedesc = time = 1918 to the present languages = Belarusian fam1 = Cyrillic alphabet sisters = Belarusian Latin Belarusian Arabic Russian Ukrainian children = sample = imagesize … Wikipedia
Belarusian language — language name=Belarusian/Belorussian nativename=беларуская мова BGN/PCGN: byelaruskaya mova familycolor=Indo European states=Belarus, Poland, in 14 other countries speakers= 4 to 7 million rank=74 fam2=Balto Slavic fam3=Slavic fam4=East Slavic… … Wikipedia
Egyptian Arabic Wikipedia — URL arz.wikipedia.org Commercial? … Wikipedia
International Phonetic Alphabet — Not to be confused with NATO phonetic alphabet. IPA redirects here. For other uses, see IPA (disambiguation). For usage of IPA in Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:IPA or Wikipedia:IPA/Introduction International Phonetic Alphabet … Wikipedia
List of Belarus-related topics — This is a list of topics related to Belarus. Those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages by clicking on Related changes in the sidebar.Belarus* Belarus * Belarusian diplomatic missionsCommunications in Belarus* Communications … Wikipedia
Arebica — or arabica was a variant of the Perso Arabic script used by Bosnian Muslims to write the Bosnian language. It was used mainly between the 15th and 19th centuries. In the 20th century there were some efforts made to accept Arebica as the third… … Wikipedia
Romanization — For other uses, see Romanization (disambiguation). Languages can be romanized in a variety of ways, as shown here with Mandarin Chinese In linguistics, romanization or latinization is the representation of a written word or spoken speech with the … Wikipedia
Cyrillic alphabets — Distribution of the Cyrillic script worldwide. The dark green shows the countries that use Cyrillic as the one main script; the lighter green those that use Cyrillic alongside another official script. This is a list of national variants of the… … Wikipedia
Apostrophe — redirects here. For other uses, see (disambiguation). Apostrophes redirects here. For the music book, see Apostrophes: A Book of Tributes to Masters of Music. For other uses, see Apostrophe (disambiguation). ’ Apostrophe … Wikipedia